The stream of science that deals with the study of all living things is referred as biology. Moreover, biology is composed of two main streams i.e., zoology and botany. Furthermore, botany meaning is the science that provides knowledge regarding the plant as well as plant kingdom. In addition, botany is also called phytology; the word phyto stands for plant. Moreover, botany is regarded as one of the oldest branch of science. Besides that, botany courses are regarded as the most popular choice of course for the students belonging to biology background. Moreover, there are various branches of botany such as biochemistry, plant breeding, genetics, ecology, cell biology, plant physiology etc. In addition, the botany subject provides an in depth knowledge reading the plant life as well its characteristics. Moreover, the botany subjects offer specialization in different field like plant cytology, phytology, horticulture, taxonomy, palaeobalagy etc. 

In addition, the candidates who possess higher botany degree could work in various organizations as botanist. Furthermore, the use of technology in the field of botany courses is also increased which has ultimately enhanced the scope of botany in the fields such as artificial environment, space travel agriculture, environmental pollution etc. In addition, the candidates could get botany jobs in the field of food industry, forest services, national parks, laboratories, educational institutions etc. Besides that, government jobs for botany graduates are available in organizations such as Botanical Survey of India, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, and National Institute of Oceanography etc. 

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Moreover, certain botany courses are BSc, MSc and PhD in different branches of botany. Furthermore, the basic eligibility to get admission in botany degree is to possess class 12 results or its equivalent from a recognized board. In addition, certain National as well as State entrance examination are also conducted for admission in botany courses. 

Now, read some more points about Botany:  

  • Firstly, candidates seeking admission in botany degree must complete class 10+2 or its equivalent from a recognized board. 
  • Secondly, admission in the bachelor’s course takes place on the basis of merit obtains in last qualifying examination. 
  • Thirdly, the top ranked Universities/institutes in India accept a valid National/State level scorecard such as BHU PET, DUET, BHU UET, GSAT, OUAT, IPU CET, CUCET, LPUNEST, TUEE, AUCET etc for admission in different botany courses. 
  • Moreover, PG level admission in botany courses occurs on the basis of entrance test followed by an interview. 
  • Furthermore, different universities have variable admission process. Thus, it is important to know about the eligibility criteria before applying to any of the courses. 
  • Lastly, the average salary of a botanist is approximately equal to INR 4 LPA-INR 8 LPA. 

What is Botany? 

 

Before applying in any of the branches of botany, it is important to understand ‘what is botany’. Moreover, botany meaning is the study that deals with plant kingdom. I addition, the word botany is obtained from a Greek word i.e., botane. Moreover, it provides a brief understanding about all the functioning of the plants carried out by vital organs. In addition, the plant kingdom is composed of a wide variety of living organisms that include smallest organism such as bacteria to the large giant trees. Besides that, as per the recent researches it is believed that the organism belonging to the category of bacteria, fungi as well as algae belongs to a different kingdom. Moreover, certain institutes still teach about such organism in the botany courses.  

Some colleges in India are listed below: 

 

  • Banaras Hindu University 
  • Hindu college 
  • Hansraj college 
  • Miranda college 
  • Jain University 
  • Kirori Mal college 
  • CT University 
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College 
  • Christ University 
  • Gargi College etc. 

In addition, the candidates who have achieved specialization in this field are referred as Botanist. Moreover, plants are considered as the most crucial part of living organisms. Furthermore, all types of organism I.e., herbivores, carnivores or omnivores depend directly or indirectly on plant kingdom for food. Besides that, as the population is growing with a very fast speed, environmental degradation is also increasing. Thus, this field of biology is attaining importance so that the environment could be conserved by gaining proper knowledge about the plant kingdom. Moreover, the botany subject imparts knowledge about the uses as well as characteristics of various plant species. 

Importance of botany: 

 

  • Firstly, the branches of botany provide the idea about the utilization as well as the characteristics of variable plant species in the field of medicine, science as well as technology. 
  • Secondly, botany is referred as the main source through which human could develop bio-fuels like biogas, biomass etc. Moreover, such substitutes could be used instead of fossil fuels to avoid wastage as well as pollution. 
  • Thirdly, the proper growth and development of plants or crops is also due to botany courses. Furthermore, the branches of botany provide the information regarding the ideal growing techniques as well as methods to increase the crop yield. 
  • Moreover, every year certain new plant species are discovered with the help of research in the field of botany. 
  • Furthermore, the botany subjects are affiliated with the environmental management. 
  • In addition, botany study is important to conserve the environment from the harmful effects of climatic changes. 
  • Lastly, many tools and techniques are utilized in the field of botany to carry out researches to discover new plant species and to save the plant kingdom from environmental issues. 

 

History of Botany 

 

The field of Botany is considered to possess the richest history. Moreover, plants are utilized from the ancient periods not only as the source of food but also as medicines. Furthermore, in recent times every aspect related to the plant kingdom is covered in this course. In addition, the branch of botany has got tremendous recognition due to the remarkable works of various botanist as well as researchers.  

Besides that, botany was originated in Greece by the first botanist Theophrastus (371-287 BC). Moreover, he was considered as the Father of Botany. Furthermore, he displayed the theoretical aspect of botany, but the practical utilization of plant as well as organisms of plant kingdom was started from the ancient times as source of food as well as medicine. In addition, Aristotle and Theophrastus in the fourth century BC were involved in the identification of different plants. Furthermore, they both have great contributions in botany. 

Then, agriculture came into existence that requires more knowledge about the field of botany. In addition, in certain ancient civilizations such as Egypt, China, Babylonia as well as Greece medical practice was also popular in which the use of plant material is the main source of making medicines. 

Advancement in botany: 

 

  • Moreover, in AD 60 Dioscorides wrote Materia Medica which constitutes different medicines and the 60% of them are from the plant origin.  
  • Gradually, ore discoveries were carried out such as the experiment of Johannes van Helmont; he observed the water uptake in trees.  
  • Then in 1727, Stephen Hales studied plant physiology and published his research ‘Vegetable Staticks’ that tells about the nutrition and respiration process of plants.  
  • Furthermore, in the 18th century, Joseph Priestley provides the information about the chemical analysis of metabolism of plants. 
  • In addition, several advancements in science have laid down the foundation of genetics in plants by Gregor Mendel.  
  • Moreover, plant breeding, hybridization as well as genetic engineering are some of the important discoveries that help to enhance the agricultural yield.  
  • Furthermore, the botanists carry out various researches to make advancement in the field of agriculture and medicine by understanding the behaviour, structure, cellular activities of plants. 

 

Types of Botany courses 

 

Botany is a branch of science and it has several branches. Furthermore, there are various types of botany courses at different levels. Moreover, every branch of botany is different from the other, thus candidates should be clear before opting for any type of botany courses. Furthermore, all the branches of botany deal with different aspects of plant or plant kingdom. In addition, every branch of botany has its own specialty. Besides that, botany courses as well as botany syllabus is interlinked with the concept of environment management. 

Various botany courses: 

  • BSc 
  • MSc 
  • Diploma courses 
  • Certificate courses 
  • PhD 

Moreover, the syllabus of botany is segregated into three groups i.e., core topics, study of fundamental and natural phenomenon as well as processes of plant life. In addition, the introduction of science and technology in the field of botany has established it at a higher level. Following are some types of botany courses: 

Taxonomy 

 

Botany contains different specializations. Moreover, taxonomy is one of the branches of botany. Furthermore, taxonomy is considered as the scientific study of describing, naming as well as classifying different plant species on the basis of their family, genus, species, kingdom, phylum etc. in addition, there is bachelors, masters as well as doctoral degree in the field of taxonomy. Besides that, the basic eligibility to get botany jobs in India as taxonomist is to possess high level botany degree. 

Moreover, the admission in various taxonomy courses takes place on the basis of marks secured in last qualifying examination. In addition, some colleges/universities in India also conduct university level entrance examination to provide admission in different botany courses. Besides that, the taxonomy in botany is important to systematically arrange the plants. Moreover, certain online taxonomy courses are also there. In addition, the basic pay scale of taxonomist in India is approximately around INR 5.14 LPA. 

Morphology 

 

The morphology of plants is also referred as phytomorphology. Moreover, it is the branch of botany that deals with the study of outer structure of the plants. Furthermore, the physical structure provides the basic idea about the plants. In addition, the study of morphology is essential for identification as well as discrimination of plants. Besides that, the candidates who attain higher education in the field of morphology are known as morphologist. 

 

Biotechnology 

 

The branch of biology that provides knowledge about the various techniques used in botany is considered as biotechnology. Moreover, this course contain three core subjects i.e., botany, biotechnology as well as chemistry. Furthermore, the implantation of biotechnology is increased in the field of food industries, agriculture as well as in medicines. Thus, it is gaining popularity. In addition, the field of biotechnology has great career opportunities. Additionally, courses such as BSc in biotechnology, BSc (Hons) in biotechnology, MSc in biotechnology as well as MBA and PhD in biotechnology are also available in India. Moreover, biotechnology provides knowledge about the application of engineering as well as science in the field of biology. 

Furthermore, it is believed that biotechnology will gain more importance in the future as per the present demand. In addition, biotechnology also has certain other branches such as genomics, molecular engineering, bio-manufacturing, recombinant gene technology, applied botany etc. Besides that, candidates who wish to pursue higher education in the field of biotechnology can opt for MSc as well as MTech in biotechnology. In addition, the candidates having specialization in the field of biotechnology can become a researcher. 

Palaeobotany 

 

The palaeobotany is regarded as one of the branches of botany that provide education about the fossils of plants. Moreover, in this type of botany course the scientist tries to analyze and study about the evolution of the extinct of endangered plant species. Furthermore, in this course there is a detailed overview of how the fossils of the plant species survived as interacted with the other organism of the environment. Besides that, this study not only provides the information about the plant but also provide the hint of environmental condition of the past. 

Additionally, the palaeobotanists are the professionals that identify the origin of the plant species and the mechanism of their survival. In addition, they also find out how the particular fossil of the plant species adapts the climatic modifications. Moreover, the basic criterion to study palaeobotany is to possess minimum 50% marks in class 12th with physics, chemistry as well as biology as the main stream subjects. Furthermore, In India, Palaeobotany course is offered in Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany. In addition, this institute is situated in Luknow. 

Moreover, the job profile as well as the pay scale in the field of palaeobotany depends upon the type of course, the level of expertise as well as the location of the job. In addition, the basic salary is approximately equal to INR 15000- INR 25000 per month in the initial stages. 

Plant physiology 

 

The plant physiology is defined as the branch of botany that deals with the study of a deal of different functioning of the plants. Moreover, there is MSc in plant physiology. Furthermore, it is regarded as the 2-year postgraduate programme. Besides that, admission in the master course occurs on the basis of marks obtain in bachelors program as well as entrance examination. In addition, every function carried out in plants such as photosynthesis, respiration, metabolic actions, transpiration, processes etc are studied in this branch of botany. Besides that, this course also provides the brief knowledge about the structure and morphology of the plants. Moreover, the interaction of plants with other organism as well as the surrounding is also studied in this branch of botany. Furthermore, the average salary in this field is equivalent to INR 6 LPA. 

Plant Physiology Colleges that offer MSc are listed below: 

 

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya 
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Agricultural University 
  • Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya 
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology 

 

Horticulture 

 

The horticulture is also one of the branches of botany that deals with the study of agriculture or cultivation of crops. Moreover, it provides information about the plantation, orchards, nurseries etc to build career in the field of horticulture. In addition, horticulture is regarded as the study of applied science that deals with vegetables, fruits as well as ornamental flowers. Furthermore, the study of soil management as well as landscape in the curse of horticulture provides great career opportunity in the field of horticulture. In addition, admission in horticulture courses occur on the basis of marks obtained in class 10+2 with biology as one of the main subjects. Besides that, every university or college has its own eligibility criteria. 

Some job opportunities are listed below: 

 

  • Plant Pathologist 
  • Ornamental horticulturist 
  • Consultant in horticulture 
  • Plant Care Worker 
  • Landscape Designer 
  • Horticultural technician 
  • Writer 
  • Nursery Staffer 

Genetics  

 

The field of genetics in botany deals with the study of heredity as well as genetic alterations in the plants. Moreover, genetics is considered as one of the most prominent branches of botany. In addition, this field is growing as it provides information about generating new varieties of plants by the help of hybridization and other techniques. Moreover, the average salary of geneticist id equal to INR 15OOO- INR 20000 per month. Lastly, the salary may reach upto INR 4 LPA at research level. 

 

 

Scope of Botany in India 

 

Botany is the branch of science which is gaining tremendous recognition. Moreover, the scope of botany in India is also great. After the completion of botany degree, the candidates could either apply for higher education or can work in private as well as public firms.  Furthermore, the average starting salary after completing bachelor’s in botany is equal to INR 4 LPA- INR 8 LPA. In addition, some of the top recruiters in the field of botany are National Chemical Laboratory, Science industry, Greenpeace, Educational institutes, Indian institute of Ecology etc. 

Besides that, the main advantage to opt for botany courses is to gain knowledge that is applicable in the botanical research. In addition, the scope of botany is in popular industries such as environmental consultancies, colleges, universities, medical content writing, nursery farms, pharmaceutical companies etc. Moreover, the candidates can earn a decent salary in the field of botanical science. Furthermore, the salary increases as per the educational qualification and the work experience in the field of botany. 

Now, read some more points about scope of botany in India: 

 

  • Firstly, the candidates belonging to botany background could work as farming consultant, nursery manager, plant physiologist, molecular botanist etc. 
  • Secondly, the scope of botany and the botany courses is increasing in India. 
  • Thirdly, plants and its utilization in the field of medicine automatically elevate the scope of botany. 
  • Moreover, the environmental pollution causes harm to the plant kingdom, this enhances the advantages as well as scope of botany to conserve the environment. 
  • In addition, there is a huge demand of botanist as well as other botany experts in different fields of botany to handle different functions related to botany. 
  • Additionally, some candidates who opt for the doctoral course after Masters in botany so that they could work as professor or assistant professor. 
  • Furthermore, some of the top recruiters in the field of botany are: 

 

  • Agriculture sector 
  • Union public service commission 
  • Wildlife institute of India 
  • Research institutes 
  • Educational sector 
  • Pharma sector 
  • Forest research institute etc. 

 

There are various job roles after completing graduation or post graduation in botany. Moreover, the types of job and the job roles vary on the basis of interest, pay scale, educational qualification etc. in addition, certain jobs in the field of botany are listed below: 

1.    Ecologist  

The ecology is the professional that have in-depth knowledge regarding the effect of climatic as well as environment changes on the plants. Moreover, an ecologist is involved in the study as well as working of maintaining the balance of the ecosystem. Furthermore, he protects the ecosystem. In addition, the ecologists have to conducts certain experiments, scientific investigations and observe the output. Besides that, the candidates who choose to become an ecologist have to work for the conservation of environment and maintain the scientific data as a record for future references. 

Moreover, there is a great demand of ecologist in different fields. In addition, the basic eligibility to become an ecologist in India is to possess bachelors or masters degree in the field of botany. In addition, the institute that offers ecologist courses in India are Indian Institute of ecology and environment and Sikkim Manipal University. Lastly, the average salary of an ecologist is approximately around INR 3.2 LPA. 

Skills to become an Ecologist: 

 

  • Firstly, the candidates should possess great interpretation skills and should be able to handle any challenges. 
  • Secondly, the students who aspire to become an ecologist should be able to note down every minute detail very precisely to record the alterations. 
  • Thirdly, he/she should be able to discriminate between different species of plants. 
  • Moreover, the candidates should possess BSc as well as MSc botany degree with ecology specialization. 

2.    Florist 

 

A florist is the professional who works in the companies which involves with floristry. Moreover, they also carry out different functions like sale of flowers, designing bouquets etc. furthermore, the candidates who are interested and passionate about flowers could become a floriculturist. In addition, the basic eligibility to get admission in florist courses is to pass class 12th from a recognized board. Besides that, different types of job roles are cultivators, floral designers, interior decorators, lecturer, wholesale florist etc. in addition, the average salary of florist in India is equal to INR 1.5 LPA- INR 3 LPA. 

3.    Taxonomist 

 

A taxonomist is the most crucial job roles in the field of botany. Moreover, a taxonomist work is to classify the plant species according to the kingdom, phylum, family, genus etc. furthermore, the classification of the plants takes place on the basis of biological as well as physical characteristics of various plants. In addition, the species are systematically arranged by the taxonomist so that it becomes easy to refer to different plants. 

Besides that, the sample of the plant specimens are also tested in laboratories to make sure about all the information collected by the taxonomist is authentic and correct or not. Moreover, the taxonomist needs to write about the description of plant species. Furthermore, specialization in the field of taxonomy could be achieved by gaining knowledge at higher level botany courses like MSc in botany or PhD in botany. In addition, the average salary of a taxonomist is approximately around INR 3.5 LPA – INR 4 LPA. 

Now read below to know about the skills required to become taxonomist: 

 

  • Firstly, the candidate should have the knowledge about different species of plants. 
  • Secondly, a taxonomist should have the ability to discriminate between different plant specimens on the basis of their physical as well as biological characteristics. 
  • Thirdly, the candidate should have the patience to arrange the names of the plant species in the systemic order. 
  • Moreover, the briefing of the plant species is also one the major factor. 

4.    Agriculturist 

 

The development of crops to satisfy the needs of human race is very essential. Moreover, the climate as well as the soil condition is the important factures in the field of agriculture. Furthermore, an agriculturist is involved in the growth and development of the disease-resistant crops. In addition, the scope of botany in the field of agriculture is very nice. Besides that, the main responsibility of the agriculturist is to detect the best solution to eradicate weed and pest from the farms. Moreover, agriculturist should possess the knowledge about the cultivation as well as animal raising. 

Furthermore, the scope of agriculturist is the sector of state agencies, national agencies, food companies etc. in addition, an agriculturist should be trained in the agricultural studies i.e., he/she must possess a master’s degree in the botany courses in the field of agriculture. Lastly, the basic pay scale of an agriculturist is approximately around INR 8 LPA- INR 13 LPA. Moreover, the incorporation of technology in the field of agriculture has introduced a new branch i.e., BSc in Agricultural Biotechnology. Furthermore, there are high chances of government jobs for botany graduates belonging to agricultural background. In addition, admission in certain top universities and colleges in the agricultural courses takes place on the basis of entrance exams such as ICAR AIEEA/CUCET/MAH CET/TS EAMCET/JCECE/GCET etc. 

5.    Researcher 

 

The scope of botany in the research sector is great. Moreover, the basic eligibility to become a researcher in the field of botany is to complete BSc, MSc as well as PhD in botany. Furthermore, the candidates who have deep interest in research work and studies should opt for this job role. In addition, the main work of a researcher is to perform experiments on different plant species and observe the output. Besides that, researchers are involved in the process of collecting, organizing as well as detecting the information about the plant specimens. 

Moreover, the field of research is also very vast. Furthermore, candidates could make their career in botany field as lecturer or professor in the educational institutions. In addition, experience in this field is very necessary to grow. Besides that, the candidates could pursue any of the specializations in botany to attain expertise in that particular field and become a researcher. Lastly, the average salary of researcher is equal to INR 3 LPA. 

Now read below to know about the skills required to become a researcher: 

 

  • Firstly, the candidate should possess interest in plants as well as plant associated research. 
  • Secondly, the candidate must possess good knowledge of mathematics, chemistry as well as biology. 
  • Thirdly, it is necessary to have patience and strong analytical skills to handle everything. 
  • Moreover, the candidate should learn from their observation and carry out the research or experiments in systematic way to get the positive results. 

6.    Lecturer 

 

This job profile is for the candidates who have completed their PhD in botany. Moreover, the candidates who have specialization botany degree in any of the field could work as a lecturer in several educational institutes in India. Furthermore, the basic skills required to become a lecturer is to possess in-depth knowledge of the particular field and the ability to convey the knowledge. In addition, patience is very essential in this field. Besides that, the average salary of a lecturer is approximately around INR 4 LPA- INR 5 LPA. Lastly, the salary may increase as per the experience in the field of academics and teaching. 

Eligibility Criteria for Botany in India 

 

The eligibility criteria of different types of botany courses of different colleges as well as institutions are different. Moreover, the students should be familiar about the basic eligibility criteria for the botany courses before applying in any institute or college. Additionally, candidates could apply for any botany course after clearing class 10+2. In addition, the basic selection method is merit as well as entrance based. 

Read below to know about eligibility criteria of different botany courses: 

 

Undergraduate Eligibility criteria: 

  • Firstly, candidates must have passed class 12th from science stream with physics, chemistry and biology as the core subjects. 
  • Secondly, the candidate should possess minimum 50-55% marks in class 12th for admission in bachelor’s botany courses. 
  • Thirdly, admission in BSc/BSc (Hons) courses occurs on the basis of marks secured in National/state level entrance examination. 
  • Moreover, certain entrance exams at university level are also conducted by various top universities of India such as BHU UET/CUCET/IISER etc. 
  • Lastly, seats allocation process occurs on the basis of merit in last qualifying exam as well as counselling session. 

Postgraduate Eligibility criteria: 

  • Firstly, the candidates seeking admission in MSc in botany must possess a bachelor’s degree in the field of botany from a recognized university or institute. 
  • Secondly, admission in MSc in botany takes place on the basis of valid entrance scorecard of BHU PET/DUET/CUCET/AUCET/TUEE etc. 
  • Thirdly, the selected students need to appear for personal interview conducted after the written test. 
  • Moreover, the candidates who possess a National level entrance scorecard are exempted to appear in the university level entrance exam. 

PhD Eligibility criteria: 

  • Firstly, the PhD aspirants must possess masters in the field of botany. 
  • Secondly, MPhil or NET qualified students are also eligible for direct entry in PhD on the basis of interview. 
  • Thirdly, the entire set of candidate has to appear in the written test followed by personal interview for admission in PhD courses. 
  • Moreover, the candidates should posses minimum 55% marks in their master’s degree to be eligible to apply in PhD in botany. 
  • Furthermore, the candidates belonging to SC/ST or economically weaker category gets a relaxation of 5%. 

Botany Entrance Exams 

 

The admission in botany courses in India occur on the basis of marks obtains in state or national level entrance examination. Moreover, the candidates are also admitted on the basis of University level entrance exam. Furthermore, the admission in the master’s course takes place on the basis of entrance exam followed by interview. In addition, various universities have certain seats which are reserved for the students who belong to SC/ST /economically weaker category. Besides that, admission process of bachelors as well as diploma courses takes place on the basis of marks secured in class 10+2 or its equivalent examination from a recognized board. 

Moreover, all the candidates have to appear in the entrance test to get admission in botany courses at different levels. Furthermore, many universities also conduct counselling session to allocate seats to the candidates. In addition, the admission in PG as well as PhD courses occurs on the basis cumulative performance in entrance as well as educational qualifications. Besides that, the performance of the interview round is also taken into consideration. Moreover, the candidates who possess certain work experience in the field of botany are also given preference during admission in PhD courses. In addition, mostly the colleges/universities that offer BSc/MSc/PhD in botany have the approval of UGC/AICTE/ NAAC etc and they accepts the valid scorecard of National level entrance exam for botany courses in India. 

1.       BHU UET 

 

The BHU UET is regarded as the Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test. Moreover, this exam is conducted to provide admission in UG courses at Banaras Hindu University. Furthermore, the basic eligibility to apply for BHU UET is to possess class 12th result from a recognized board or its equivalent examination. In addition, National Testing Agency is considered as the conducting authority of BHU UET. Besides that, BHU UET is conducted in online mode and the duration of this examination is 2:30 hours. Moreover, the exam pattern is MCQ based. 

 

2.       DUET 

 

The DUET is also referred as Delhi University Entrance Test. Moreover, there are numerous colleges affiliated to Delhi University. Thus, admission in the colleges linked to Delhi University takes place strictly on the basis of DUET exam. Furthermore, the university offers both UG as well as PG admission on the basis of marks secured in DUET. Moreover, the basic eligibility to apply in DUET is to pass class 12 from a recognized board or its equivalent. Furthermore, DUET is conducted in online mode. 

3.       CUCET 

 

The CUCET is regarded as the Central University Common Entrance Test. Moreover, this examination provides admission in several central universities of India. Furthermore, the courses offered after the successful clearance of CUCET is UG, PG as well as PhD. In addition, CUCET is conducted only in offline mode. Besides that, the candidate needs to visit the official website of CUCET and register themselves to apply for the CUCET examination. Besides that, the duration of CUCET is around 2 hours. Moreover, the exam pattern of CUCET is multiple choice questions based. Furthermore, the basic eligibility requirement to apply for CUCET is to possess class 12th result from relevant field from a recognized board. 

4.       BHU PET 

 

The BHU PET is also known as Banaras Hindu University Post graduate Entrance Test. Moreover, this is regarded as the university-level entrance examination. Further, Banaras Hindu University is regarded as the conducting authority of this PG entrance examination, In addition, this examination is organized in order to provide admission in various master’s courses. Besides that, it is an offline entrance test. Moreover, the duration of BHU PET is around 2 hours. Furthermore, the candidates who have successfully completed their bachelors in relevant field are eligible to apply in BHU PET. 

5.       OUAT 

 

The OUAT is regarded as the entrance examination for admission in Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology. Moreover, it is considered as the University level entrance test.  Furthermore, admission in UG as well as PG courses Orissa University of Agriculture and technology is offered on the basis of OUAT. In addition, OUAT is conducted in offline mode. 

Top Botany Courses in India 

 

Botany is regarded as the branch of biology that deals with the study of plants as well as plant kingdom. Moreover, it provides brief understanding about the structure as well as functions of the plant species. Furthermore, there are various branches of botany. In addition, the botany courses at different levels are diploma, Bachelors, masters as well as doctoral courses. Besides that, the basic eligibility to apply in any of the botany courses is to complete class 12th from a recognized board with science (PCB) as the core subjects. Moreover, the different branches of botany are plant breeding, morphology, anatomy, genetics, Dendrochronology, biotechnology, palaeobotany, biochemistry etc. Furthermore, the candidates who possess interest in plant and functioning of plants should apply in botany courses. 

In addition, there is a great scope in botany courses. Additionally, the botany syllabus provides the brief idea about every aspect of plant and plant kingdom. Moreover, the botany subjects include taxonomy, plant breeding, biochemistry, cell biology etc. In addition, the career in botany is in the field of agricultural sector, food companies, chemical industries, research laboratories, educational institutions etc. Besides that, the colleges as well as universities in India conduct entrance examination to provide admission in botany courses. Lastly, certain entrance examinations for admission in botany courses are BHU UET/BHU PET/IISER/TUEE/CUCET/OUAT etc. 

BSc in botany specializations: 

  • Etymology 
  • Genetics 
  • Plant pathology 
  • Biotechnology 
  • Microbiology and many more. 

MSc in botany specialization: 

  • Ecology 
  • Biochemistry 
  • Taxonomy 
  • Marine science 
  • Agricultural resources and management 
  • Applied science etc. 

Top Botany Courses for Bachelors in India 

 

BSc in Botany 

 

Bachelor of Science is also referred as BSc botany. Moreover, it is a 3-year UG program. Furthermore, this course provides the knowledge as well as information about the study of plant and the plant physiology. In addition, morphology and anatomy of plant is also taught in this course. Besides that, the candidates who have successfully completed class 10+2 from a recognized board with relevant subjects are eligible to apply in this course. 

Moreover, admission in BSc program in colleges such as Hansraj College, Miranda House college, Banaras Hindu University, Fergusson college takes place on the basis of merit in entrance examination. Furthermore, most of the university conducts their entrance examination to provide admission in BSc programme. In addition, the BSc botany syllabus emphasizes on the detailed study of the whole plant kingdom along with the metabolic activities of the plants. 

In addition, the average fee of this full-time program in India is equivalent to INR 15000- INR 1 LPA. Additionally, certain academies as well as institutions offer distance learning BSc botany courses and the fess of distance learning program is less as compared to the full-term course. 

Following is the list of University that offer distance learning BSc botany: 

  • Nalanda open University 
  • University of Mysore 
  • Directorate of distance education, Bihar 
  • Center for distance education 
  • Acharya nagarjuna University 

 

Moreover, there are almost around 600+ colleges in India that offer BSc botany courses. In addition, the scope of botany is also great. Besides that, the candidates after completing the graduation could easily earn upto INR 4 LPA- INR 8 LPA. 

Job positions after completing graduation: 

 

  • Plant Pathologist, 
  • Nursery Manager 
  • Ecologist 
  • Plant Explorer 

Botany subjects: 

 

  • Plant Resource Utilization 
  • Introduction to Biology 
  • Chemistry-I 
  • Plant Development and Anatomy 
  • Technical writing and Communication in English 
  • Algae and Microbiology 
  • Mathematics and Statistics 
  • Plant Physiology 
  • Genetics & Genomics –I 
  • Plant Systematics & Evolution 
  • Ecology and Phytogeography 
  • Plant Biotechnology 
  • Mycology & Phytopathology 
  • Cell Biology – I 
  • Molecular Biology – 1 
  • Cell Biology II 
  • Molecular Biology –II 
  • Environmental Management / Bioinformatics 
  • Genetics & Genomics – II 
  • Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms 
  • Plant Metabolism 
  • Biochemistry 
  • Chemistry II 

List of Top BSc in Botany Colleges in India 

College Name  Affiliated University  Cut Off 
Hindu College  Delhi University  99%-100% 
Hansraj College  Delhi University  99% 
Ramjas College  N/A   
Miranda College  Delhi University   
Christ University  N/A   
St. Xavier’s College  N/A   
Jai Hind College  N/A   

Average Fees for BSc: INR 15,000- INR 100000 per year 

Admission Criteria for BSc: Merit/Entrance basis 

Types of Jobs after BSc: Plant Pathologist, taxonomist, botanist, ecologist, nursery manager, conservationist, ethno botanist, horticulturist, plant breeder etc. 

Average Placements after BSc: INR 4 LPA – INR 8 LPA 

Top Botany Courses for Masters in India 

MSc in Botany 

The MSc in botany is considered as a 2-year PG course. Moreover, this course offers in-depth knowledge about the plant and plant kingdom. Furthermore, certain universities also offer 3 or 5 year integrated MSc program i.e., MSc+PhD. In addition, this MSc course is considered as the most popular courses in the botany field. Additionally, if provides detailed information about the study of algae, fungi, plants that include the structure, growth and development, metabolic as well as biochemical phenomenon. Besides that, MSc courses in this specialization provide in-depth theoretical as well as practical knowledge that include the laboratory practice and certain workshops that is helpful to attain extra knowledge about the plant kingdom at research level. 

In addition, admission in MSc program in several top most universities and colleges of India takes place only on the basis of entrance examination such as BHU PET/CUCET/DUET/AUCET etc. Besides that, the candidate should possess a bachelor’s degree in botany with minimum 50% marks from a recognized institute or university. Moreover, the candidates belonging to the SC/ST category gets a relaxation of 5%. Furthermore, the average tuition fee for MSc is approximately around INR 30000- INR 1 LPA. In addition, there is a great scope in the botany field after the completion of post graduate courses. Besides that, the candidate gets the average salary of approximately equal to INR 4.85 LPA.  Lastly, candidates could also opt for higher education after completing MSc course. 

MSc botany subjects: 

 

  • Phycology 
  • Microbiology 
  • Plant Anatomy and Developmental 
  • Genetics and Genomics 
  • Plant Pathology Taxonomy of Angiosperms 
  • Biotechnology 
  • Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms 
  • Biology Cell Biology and Biomolecules Bryophytes 
  • Mycology 
  • Palaeobotany and Palynology 
  • Plant Physiology 
  • Biochemistry 
  • Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy 
  • Plant Molecular Biology 
  • Microbial 
  • Biotechnology Computer Applications and Bioinformatics 

List of Top MSc Colleges in India 

College Name  Affiliated University  Cut Off/Merit Based 
Hansraj College  Delhi University  99%-100% 
Hindu College  Delhi University  99% 
Fergusson College  N/A   
Osmania University  N/A   
Mahatma Gandhi University  N/A   
Miranda House  Delhi University   
Sri Venkateshwar College  N/A   

Average Fees for MSc: INR 30000- INR 1 LPA 

Admission Criteria for MSc: Entrance Exams and Merit Basis 

Types of Jobs after MSc: INR 4.58 LPA 

Average Placements after MSc: Medical coder, incident manager, corporate communication manager, professor or teacher, data analyst etc. 

PhD in Botany 

 

 

The PhD program is regarded as the 3 year doctoral course. Moreover, botany is the branch of science specifically biological science that provide knowledge about the plants and the mechanism of their growth, development, metabolic process, interaction with other species as well as survival. In addition, the PhD program focuses mainly on the research based studies as well as experiments. Besides that, the candidates who possess minimum 55% marks in the MPhil or any other masters program of relevant field are eligible to apply in PhD program. Moreover, the candidates belonging to SC/ST/PWD/EWS category usually gets a relaxation of 5%. Furthermore, the candidates having the professional experience of 3-5 years in the academic field gets preference over other candidates. 

In addition, admission in PhD program also takes place on the basis of entrance examination. Moreover, certain universities conducts written test followed by personal interview for providing admission in PhD course. Besides that, the average fee of PhD program is approximately around INR 2000- INR 8 LPA. In addition, the scope of PhD is also great. Moreover, certain job profiles for PhD candidates are administrator, fruit grower, lecturer, researcher, forester, plant biochemist, mycologist, taxonomist, ecologist etc. Moreover, the PhD candidates could earn upto INR 15000-INR 80000 in the initial stages on the basis of their experience, qualification; kill set as well as designation. 

Certain job sector for the PhD candidates are listed below: 

  • Biotechnology firms 
  • Arboretum 
  • Seed and nursery companies 
  • National parks 
  • Land management agencies 
  • Food companies 
  • Chemical industry 
  • Plant health inspection services 
  • Oil industry 
  • Plant resource laboratories 
  • Forest services 
  • Biological supply houses 
  • Educational institutions etc. 

 

 

Colleges/Universities offering PhD in Botany 

College Name  Affiliated University  Eligibility 
Loyola college  Delhi University  MPhil + NET 
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur  N/A  NET+MPhil/MSc 
Jadavpur University  N/A  MSc+entrance 
Birla Institute of Technology  N/A  UGC NET/JRF/MSc/MPhil 
The Northcap University  N/A  NET+MPhil 
Shiv Nadar University  N/A  MSc/NET/MPhil 
Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj University  N/A  MPhil/NET/MSc 

Average Fees for PhD: INR 2000 to 8 LPA 

Admission Criteria for PhD: Entrance+Interview basis 

Average Placements after PhD: INR 1.5 LPA – 6 LPA 

What to do after PhD in Botany? 

 

PhD in botany is the high level botany degree. Moreover, PhD in botany is the 3 year programme. Furthermore, the duration depends upon the research work. In addition, the basic eligibility to get admission in PhD programme is to possess a master’s degree in botany. Besides that, there are various job opportunities after the completion of PhD in botany. Moreover, some of the top recruiters are Seed and nursery companies, plant resources laboratory, food companies, chemical industry, inspection services, educational institutions etc. furthermore, the average starting salary after completing PhD in botany is approximately around INR 1.5 LPA – INR 6 LPA. 

Botany jobs in India after PhD: 

 

  • Mycologist 
  • Botanist 
  • Plant biochemist 
  • Forester 
  • Professor 
  • Researcher 
  • Lecturer 
  • Agronomist 
  • Taxonomist 
  • Plant breeder 
  • Ecologist etc. 

 

Botany Job Roles &Levels in India 

 

The botany jobs in India are offered on the basis of educational qualification as well as experience in the field of botany. Moreover, the candidates could achieve botany jobs in both government as well as private sector. Furthermore, career in botany is also dependent upon the branch of botany. In addition, the botany graduate has a lot of career option after completing the course. Besides that, the average starting salary after completing bachelors in botany is around INR 4 LPA. Moreover, there would be an increment in the salary as per the experience. Furthermore, the candidates should possess deep knowledge about botany field. 

Botany jobs in India: 

  • Firstly, the botany aspirant should possess all the skills to work in the science sector related to plant and plant kingdom. 
  • Secondly, the candidates who have deep knowledge about botany have good scope of Aviation Management. 
  • Thirdly, botany jobs in India are offered on the basis of educational qualification as well as performance in PI. 
  • Moreover, there are numerous careers in botany after passing UG, PG or PhD in specific branch of botany. 

List of botany jobs in India: 

  • Ecologist 
  • Horticulturist 
  • Plant breeder 
  • Botanist 
  • Plant physiologist 
  • Environmentalist 
  • Drug developer 
  • Florist 
  • Botanical researcher 
  • Professor 
  • Lecturer 
  • Seed and nursery specialist 
  • Laboratory Technician 
  • Conservationist 
  • Environment consultant 
  • Taxonomist 
  • Farming consultant 
  • Molecular biologist 
  • Geneticist 
  • Paleobotanist and many more. 

 

Taxonomist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.5 LPA to 2 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 3.5 LPA to 4 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 5 LPA to 9 LPA 

Ecologist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 2 LPA to 3 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 4 LPA to 4.5 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 9 LPA to 12 LPA 

Plant biochemist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.5 LPA to 2 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 2.75 LPA to 3 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 6 LPA to 11 LPA 

Researcher: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.5 LPA to 2 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 3 LPA to 4 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 5 LPA to 10 LPA 

Horticulturist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.5 LPA to 2 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 3.5 LPA to 4.5 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 11 LPA 

Plant physiologist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 2 LPA to 2.5 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 3.5 LPA to 4 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 11 LPA 

Morphologist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.5 LPA to 2 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 3 LPA to 4 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 7 LPA to 9 LPA 

Cytologist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced 

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 2 LPA to 3 LPA 

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 4.25 LPA to 5 LPA 

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 9 LPA to 10 LPA 

 

Frequently Asked Questions about Botany in India 

What is the study of botany? 

 

The study of botany is the science of the growth, development, reproduction, metabolism, etc of plant or plant kingdom. Moreover, the study of botany is also known as plant biology. Furthermore, it is one of the branches of biology that provides knowledge about the plant kingdom. In addition, the candidates who make their careers in the field of botany are botanist or plant scientist. Besides that, many colleges as well as universities in India offer botany degree at different levels. Moreover, the basic criteria to apply in botany courses are to pass class 10+2 or its equivalent from science stream with biology as one of the major subject. 

Furthermore, the admission process in botany courses takes place on the basis of merit as well as entrance examination. In addition, certain national level entrance examinations for admission in botany courses are AUCET/BHU PET/DUET/CUCET/OUAT/BHU UET/GSAT etc. In addition, the average fee of botany degree is approximately around INR 1 LPA – INR 3 LPA. 

Besides that, there are numerous branches of botany. Thus, the candidates could apply in any of the branches of botany as per their interest. Moreover, the scope of botany is also great. 

Is Botany a good career? 

Yes, there are various botany jobs in India. Moreover, the candidates who aspire to make their careers in botany could study in different botany courses. Furthermore, there are government jobs for botany graduates such as technical assistants, scientific assistants, botanist, researcher etc.  In addition, the scope of botany as a biological scientist is also great. Besides that, the main work in botany jobs is to deal with the plant and the plant kingdom. Moreover, certain private as well as public sectors offers botany jobs in India especially in the field of biotechnology, forestry, agriculture, educational institutions, food industry, genetics etc. 

Furthermore, as the population is growing day-by-day, the natural resources as well as the nature have to deal with the waste products from the human society. In addition, the pollution is also increasing drastically. Thus, candidates belonging to the botany courses can also get botany jobs in respect to study and deal with the environmental pollution. Moreover, certain new tools and technology are evolved such as electron microscope, cell and tissue culture, radioisotopes etc. In addition, only the professional could handle such tools to carry out the survey in the field of botany. 

Besides that, some of the careers in botany are listed below: 

  • Taxonomist 
  • Researcher 
  • Plant pathologist 
  • Weed scientist 
  • Plant geneticists 
  • Botanist 
  • Palaeobotanist 
  • Cytologist 
  • Farming consultant 
  • Plant biochemist 
  • Forester 
  • Conservationist 
  • Morphologist 

In addition, the candidates aspiring to make their careers in botany also earn a great salary. Moreover, the average salary after the completion of botany courses is approximately around INR 4 LPA- INR 8 LPA. 

What are the 26 branches of botany? 

 

Plants are the main sources of life on earth as they perform photosynthesis to generate food. In addition, every species on the earth depend directly or indirectly on the plant kingdom for life. 

Moreover, botany is considered as the branch of science that deals with the scientific study of plant and plant kingdom. Moreover, plants are the only main thing about botany, thus, it is also referred as the plant science.  Furthermore, there are numerous branches of botany that provide knowledge in a particular specialization. In addition, there are different levels of botany courses in India such as UG, PG, and PhD. Besides that, the branches of botany include the study of growth, structure, anatomy, development, reproduction, metabolism, ecology, evolution as well as diseases of plant species. 

Read below to know about the 26 branches of botany: 

 

  • Morphology- This branch of botany is subdivided into internal as well as external morphology. Moreover, it is referred as the study of various organs of the plants. 
  • Plant physiology- It provides basic understanding of the vital activities or functioning of the plant. 
  • Cytology- the study of cell biology. Moreover, cytology is one of the branches of botany that deals with the cell function as well as structure. 
  • Palynology- It is one of the branches of botany which deals with the study of microspores or the pollen gains. 
  • Embryology- this branch of botany provide knowledge about the growth, development, fertilization as well as formation of male and female gametes. 
  • Plant taxonomy- It is considered as the most important branch of botany as it is responsible for the systematic arrangement of the plants. Moreover, this is one of the branches of botany that deal with nomenclature, classification as well as identification of plant species. 
  • Palaeobotany- It deals with the study of fossils of plants. Furthermore, this is one of the branches of botany that provide the knowledge about plant evolution. 
  • Plant ecology- deals with relationship between environment and plant. 
  • Genetics – it deals with heredity and variation in plants. 
  • Phycology- study dealing with algae. 
  • Phytogeography-study of plant distribution. 
  • Lichenology-referred as the study related to lichens. 
  • Mycology-study of non-chlorophyllous fungi. 
  • Pteridology-study of pteridophytes. 
  • Bryology- it is one of the branches of botany that provide knowledge of bryophytes. 

 

Some more branches of botany are listed below: 

 

  • Pomology-study of fruits as well as fruit yielding plants. 
  • Microbiology- related to the study of microorganisms such as virus, bacteria, protozoa etc. 
  • Agrostology-it is the study of grasses. 
  • Anthology- it provides knowledge about flowers. 
  • Dendrochronology-determines the age of trees via counting the numbers of annual rings. 
  • Plant breeding- It is the branch of botany that deals with the growth f the new varieties of plants. 
  • Dendrology-referred as the study of trees as well as shrubs. 
  • Phenology – study of seasonal changes in plant as per nature’s clinical events. 
  • Horticulture- This is one of the branches of botany that provide information about flowering as well as fruiting plants. 
  • Biochemistry –deals with chemistry of plants. 
  • Molecular biology- it is the study of biochemistry. 

Who is the most famous botanist? 

 

A botanist is the professional who is involved in studying the plant biology. Moreover, his work is to carry out researches on the basis of his studies. In addition, Carolus Linnaeus is the most famous botanist of the world. Moreover, he served from the period of 1707-1778. Furthermore, he is also known as the father of taxonomy. In addition, Theophrastus is known as the Father of Botany. Besides that, he has published many books in the field of botany. Moreover, Historia Plantarum is one of his famous works from the history of botany. 

Following is the list of some famous botanist: 

 

  • John Ray 
  • George Bentham 
  • Charles Edwin Bessey 
  • Adolf Engler 
  • Agnes Arber 
  • Albrecht von Haller 
  • Birbal Sahni 
  • Ferdinand Von Mueller 
  • George Washington Carver 
  • Jagadish Chandra Bose 
  • John Muir 

 

 

 

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List of Universities offering Botany
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