Animal Nutrition – Meaning, Type, Scope, courses, Jobs & more

Introduction

Animal nutrition is concerned with the nutritional requirements of animals, particularly those used in agriculture and food production, but also in zoos, aquariums, and wildlife management . Nutritional requirements, metabolic research, body composition, energetics, immunology, neuroscience, microbiology, genetics, and molecular and cell biology relevant to nutrition, as well as applied areas of animal nutrition, such as raw material evaluation, are all covered. Basically, animal nutrition is the study of an animal’s food requirements. The method we feed our livestock animals can have a beneficial or negative impact on their development rate, productivity capacity, and health state. As a result, understanding animal nutrition is critical for a viable and long-term livestock operation.

As a matter of fact, animals consume carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins, minerals, and vitamins, among other nutrients. Carbohydrates are all animals’ primary source of energy. Also , animals receive carbs from their surroundings (compared with plants, which synthesise carbohydrates by photosynthesis). Not all dietary components are, however, absorbed. Nutrients are the components of food that the body uses, and nutrition is the process of receiving the food required for health and growth.

Importance of water

Water is also essential to an animal’s feeding plan. In fact, animals may suffer health problems as a result of poor water quality. Water consumption is more significant than food consumption. A good water supply is necessary for a successful cattle operation, both in terms of quantity and quality. For animals, a reliable supply of water is critical. If animals do not drink enough clean water on a daily basis, their feed intake (roughages and concentrates) will decrease, productivity will decrease, and the livestock producer will lose money.

Additionally, while you may have explored becoming a certified nutritionist or registered dietitian with the goal of working with people, other nutritionists have a different target audience in mind. Veterinary nutritionists are animal nutrition experts. Animals’ health and well-being are just as vital as human health and well-being. Not to mention, the road to becoming a veterinary nutritionist differs significantly from that of aspiring human nutritionists or dietitians.

Table of Contents

What is specialization in animal nutrition?

Animal nutrition is just as vital as plant nutrition. Plants can produce their own food through photosynthesis, but animals are unable to do so and must rely on plants or other animals for nutrition.

Additionally, animals get their sustenance either directly from plants (herbivores) or indirectly from animals that have eaten plants (carnivores) also omnivores are animals that eat both plants and animals and are classified as such. All species require food in order to survive and grow.

An animal nutritionist is a scientist who specialises in the anatomy, physiology, and nutrition of animals. Basically, Physics, mathematics, food processing, chemistry, biochemistry, animal behaviour, and economics all play a role in animal nutrition. An animal nutritionist looks at an animal’s nutritional and physical demands and creates appropriate feeding rations for them. Also, they consider an animal’s calorie intake, exercise level, and overall health. Dairy cows’ food intake and needs, for example, may differ from beef cattle’s food intake and needs. In fact, the animal nutritionist’s employment differs based on the company or organization for which he or she works.

Characteristics of Animal nutritionist

Nutritionists for animals have distinct personalities. Generally, they’re typically entrepreneurial, which implies they’re daring, ambitious, forceful, outgoing, energetic, enthusiastic, confident, and upbeat. Also, they are commanding, convincing, and inspiring. Some of them are also investigative, which means they are inquisitive, smart, and introspective. In fact, an animal nutritionist’s workplace differs depending on the type of job they undertake. They might work at a classroom, a laboratory, or on a farm. Government agencies, agricultural advisory organisations, international development agencies, educational ,research institutes, animal food manufacturing enterprises and freelance consultants are all places where we can find nutritionist.

History of animal nutrition

The Animal Nutrition Society of India (ANSI) was founded in 1982 during Lord Venkateshwara’s Animal Nutrition Research Worker’s Conference at APAU’s College of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry in Tirupati. Following that, the society grew at an exponential rate over time. In fact, It has taken on the function of apex body for animal nutrition research and its application on the farm, in the field, and in the feed business, in terms of animal feeding and the establishment of feeding standards for various types of livestock. Not to mention, the society now has over 900 members from National Research Institutes, State Agricultural Universities, Feed Industries, Cooperatives, Corporate entities, Non-Governmental Organizations, Private Institutions, and from other countries.

ANSI works closely with scientists, farmers, and the feed industry, and is attempting to bring these three groups together in one venue to solve issues such as feeding methods, feed resource creation, and, most significantly, the lack of high-quality feeds for livestock. Additionally, It serves as a motivator for both scientists and feed makers to develop fresh breakthroughs in feeds and animal feeding.

ANSI has arisen as a platform for the acquisition and sharing of knowledge on all aspects of animal nutrition and feeding, as well as to draw attention to the different feed and feeding difficulties faced by farmers and feed manufacturers. Further, The society has taken up the concerns of feed quality evaluation, maintenance, and monitoring and is making every effort to focus attention on these aspects, as feed quality is directly related to animal health, productivity, and the quality of animal products.

Leonard Amby Maynard (1887–1972)’s Animal Nutrition became a standard text in many nations.

Ramayan & Mahabharata Period

As a matter of fact, In fact, India’s food and nutrition research dates back to the Vedic period. Nutrition research is older than the Ramayana and Mahabharat periods. Ramayan and Mahabharat  both are  estimated to be over 5000 years old. Further, Yagya was followed by a communal meal of cooked cereals, roots, tubers, milk and milk derivatives, as well as animal flesh for other occasions.Several herbivorous creatures, birds, and fish were caught for food during the Ramayana and Mahabharat periods, according to legend.

When a hunter killed one of two birds involved in a love game, Valmiki suddenly spoke his first poem. During the Ramayana and Mahabharat periods, antelopes, deer, swine, and a variety of other animals were killed for food. Because of the Imitated Golden deer, Ravana kidnapped Devi Sita in the Kishkindha forest. In those days, animal agriculture and veterinary medicine were also well-organized. In fact, Cattle farming was primarily for the production of milk, milk products, and draught power. During the Ravana period, fattened buffaloes for flesh were popular in Lanka.

Scope of animal nutrition

Introduction

As an animal nutritionist, you’ll need to analyse the chemical and nutritional composition of feeds, feed additives, grass, and forage for commercial animals and pets. Also, Diets and rations should prioritise growth, reproduction, health, and performance. The nutritional and economic merits of various feeding schemes should be assessed.

In 2018, the Indian animal feed market was valued at INR 817 billion. The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 12.7 percent from 2019 to 2024, reaching INR 1,683 billion. As a matter of fact,  India is currently one of the world’s fastest expanding markets for animal feed. The rising demand for animal protein and dairy products has led in an increase in the number of animals in India, raising the demand for animal feed. Also, The poultry, aquaculture, and dairy industries currently account for the majority of the Indian animal feed sector.

Drivers of the Indian Animal Feed Market

Furthermore, India’s population is expected to continue to increase in the medium and long term. This will increase demand for eggs, meat, milk, and other dairy products, as well as animal feed.

Farmers are becoming more aware of better feed techniques as a result of government and private initiatives in India. Also, Farmers are becoming more conscious of animal health and the significance of feeding their animals a well-balanced and nutritious diet. Apart from local consumption, Indian animal feed exports are increasing and will be a significant development driver over the next five years.

In India, changing lifestyles and increased per capita incomes have resulted in a shift in food patterns. As a result, there has been an increase in the consumption of milk and meat, which has led in a rise in the need for animal feed.

Veterinary surgeons are essentially animal doctors who diagnose and treat animals. They diagnose, treat, and research pet, livestock, and other animal medical ailments and diseases. Not to mention, Animal Nutrition is a very significant area of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, and because of its importance, a separate department for imparting the degree has been in operation for decades. However, because it is a non-clinical aspect of Veterinary Science, it has received little attention despite the fact that it is a large source of employment and has a wide reach.

Brief Description of Animal Nutrition Courses

The M.V.Sc. in Animal Nutrition is a two-year full-time post-graduate programme with four semesters. Similarly, The goal is to give students the opportunity to try new things. Learn about animal nutrition and other biological fields, as well as how nutritional science can help with health, digestion, and companion animal care. Also, The application of biological and chemical principles, as well as animal management and product manufacturing, are all covered in this course. Basically, This course covers nutrition sciences, biochemistry, animal sciences, food science and technology, hatchery design, and other aspects of animal safety and health.

This course teaches students how to breed, care for, and sell livestock and farm animals. Likewise, The course covers animal science, animal health, and animal nutrition as they apply to different species and breeds. As a matter of fact, Academic teaching and research, industry research, extended education, the food and feed sectors, and laboratory research programmes all employ animal nutritionists. They also operate in the food and beverage industry, as well as private firms and pharmaceutical companies. Caretakers, animal nutritionists, veterinary assistants, and technicians are among the jobs available to these graduates. According to their experience, these individuals’ typical annual compensation ranges from INR 1 lakh to INR 10 lakhs.

Importance of animal nutritionists

  • THEY ARE EXPERTS IN THE EFFECTS OF NUTRIENTS ON ANIMAL HEALTH.

Basically, Veterinarians are critical in keeping our dogs healthy and treating illness and damage. When it comes to diet, however, animal nutritionists have a thorough understanding of how specific nutrients (and combinations of nutrients) can help maintain overall health as well as aid in the treatment or management of a wide range of ailments.

  • THEY’LL HELP YOU CUSTOMIZE A PLAN TO MEET YOUR DOG OR CAT’S AS WELL AS YOUR OWN REQUIREMENTS.

Don’t worry if you think pet nutritionists only offer expensive, sophisticated eating plans for cats and dogs. Basically, The animal nutritionist’s job is to assist you in developing a diet that is both healthy for your pet and convenient for you. Depending on the species, breed, age, activity, health history, and other factors, each animal requires a varied nutritional balance. Also, It’s fine if you don’t have the time or finances to prepare a homemade diet for your pet; A pet nutritionist can assist you in selecting the best combination of kibble, wet food, and/or supplementation for your companion’s health.

  • THEY HAVE USED DIET TO TAKE CARE OF HEALTH PROBLEMS IN THE PAST.

Experts with a strong reputation have likely seen your pet’s health problems (or something similar) before. That is to say, they have a good understanding how to deal with them and have had success with some of their clients.Furthermore, many nutritionists have specific skills and credentials (for example, working with animals with anxiety, cancer, kidney disorders, and so on) that could be beneficial to your companion.Still, no one can know everything, therefore the finest in the area make it a point to constantly studying and staying current with news and research. Thus, this is how they provide the best service to their clients.

  • MANY COLLABORATE WITH VETERINS TO PROVIDE A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO YOUR PET’S HEALTH.

Basically, look for a nutritionist who collaborates with a veterinarian to meet your dog’s or cat’s medical and nutritional needs. Indeed, you might be able to discover a veterinary nutritionist who can help you with both!

  • VISITING AN ANIMAL NUTRITIONIST SAVES MONEY IN THE LONG RUN

Many consumers avoid consulting with an animal nutritionist because they believe it will be too expensive. Similarly, While an appointment will cost you money, having a healthy pet can save you hundreds of dollars in vet costs (not to mention the agony and heartbreak) in the long run. After all, “A pound of cure is worth an ounce of prevention!” as the saying goes.

Furthermore, developing an eating plan for your friend may just take one or two meetings, especially if they’re currently in good condition. If a problem arises in the future, you can decide whether or not to seek more assistance from your nutritionist.

Eligibility Criteria for Animal Nutrition

Introduction

Because animal nutrition is such an important aspect of animal health and well-being, there are some programmes and courses that specialise in it. Only those who are qualified for these studies should be admitted to the course. As a result, some of the eligibility requirements that every application must meet are listed below.

  • Those who completed 10+2 with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) must enrol in the B.V.Sc& A.H. (Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry) programme. Generally, The requirements for grades and age vary by state and university.
  • Candidates are chosen for the five-and-a-half-year B.V.Sc& A.H. The VCI (Veterinary Council of India) and the State Veterinary University run entrance exams at the national and state levels, respectively.
  • Students who have completed a Bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science from a Veterinary Council of India (VCI) recognised institute/university with a minimum of 55 percent marks or a CGPA of 6.0 on a 10-point scale are eligible to apply for the Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Nutrition programme.
  • Entrance examinations held by ICAR for national level institutes such as IVRI Bareilly (U.P.), NDRI, Karnal (Haryana), and remaining quotas of all State Veterinary Universities at the state level choose aspirants/candidates for M.V.Sc in Animal Nutrition.

Entrance exams for animal nutrition

  • The Common Admission Test (CAT)

It’s a computer-based test that confirms enrollment in an alumni management programme. Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Ability are the three sections of the test. It’s a different type of decision-based test.

  • CMAT

Common Management Admission Test is a web-based, public-level computer-based test created by the National Testing Agency to assist enterprises in selecting qualified candidates for confirmation in all management programmes. It’s a different type of decision-based test.

  • Management Aptitude Test (MAT)

Over 600 business universities in India use the to enrol candidates to MBA and similar programmes. It’s a decision-based test with a lot of options.

  • Banaras Hindu University Research Entrance Test (BHU-UET/RET)

The BHU-UET/RET is a two-hour and 30-minute discontinuous examination. This exam is for each undergraduate and postgraduate course separately.Post-graduates must follow the basic graduation schedule. Multiple Choice Questions is the name of this test.

  • DUET

It stands for Delhi University Entrance Test, and it is a two-hour online entrance examination. This exam is for all applicants who need to validate their enrollment in a Delhi university-affiliated school. It is necessary to pass the admission exam in order to be qualified.

  • Christ University EntranceTest (CU-ET)

The Christ University EntranceTest (CU-ET) is an online entrance exam for undergraduate and graduate students. The duration of this test is around 2 hours, and the format is Multiple Choice. The prospectus for students (10+2) and the graduate-level schedule for postgraduates are used to create the questions. To determine which candidates will be accepted to the university, the total number of validity stamps and qualifying scores on the entrance exam are used.

  • IPU CET 2020

It is an online entrance examination for two students and postgraduates at Indraprastha University. A candidate must pass this exam in order to be considered for admission to any of the Indraprastha university-affiliated schools. This entrance exam will take 2 hours and 30 minutes to complete.

  • The NPAT 2020

It is a two-hour online entrance exam. The investigation of various decision addresses. The prospectus for this test is based on the undergraduate level (10+2) and the graduate level for postgraduates.

  • AMU Entrance Exam

The admissions exam is entirely conducted online. This admissions exam will take two hours to complete. Aligarh Muslim University, which oversees all UG and PG degrees, is in charge of this entrance examination.

  • JamiaMilliaIslamia (JamiaMilliaIslamia)

It is a Muslim Entrance Exam. The entrance exam is held in a remote mode. This examination will last 1 hour and 45 minutes. Muslim applicants are given special consideration at this university.

Tips to perform better at entrance examinations

To meet the requirements for the MVSc Animal Nutrition position test, a candidate must have unprecedented cutoff points and informational assortments. Therefore, Here are a few pointers to aid your preparation and make a mind-blowing performance in the admission exam:

  • Obtaining a few responses regarding the situation test’s timetable: The most important step is to open the specific school/choice test site page and download a copy of the game plan. Actually, It’s difficult to bring up true structural variables that can help one appreciate the significance of a subject that is related to the course.
  • Examining and changing previous points: Do some research and try to reconsider subjects that are extremely important for the exam, as this will help you make the most use of your time and get outstanding inscriptions. In fact,  Reevaluating previous books or subjects also aids in the acquisition of theoretical knowledge, making the test more easier for the contestant.
  • “Attentive solicitation yields promising results,” says the golden rule: Before the test, a candidate should rehearse and contemplate all possible scenarios in order to eliminate any late weight.

Top animal nutrition courses in India

Animal nutritionists often require a bachelor’s degree, preferably in science. Similarly, They should study chemistry, animal nutrition, mathematics, animal science, ration formulation, anatomy and physiology, and animal husbandry, among other subjects. However one can have a masters as well as a doctorate degree in animal nutrition. As a matter of fact, Thiscourse is rare and there are not many degrees or courses available for this specialization. Mentioned below are some of the courses that are available for animal nutrition in India.

  • Bachelor in veterinary science ( Animal Nutrition)
  • Masters in veterinary science ( Animal Nutrition)
  • Phd in animal nutrition

Bachelor in veterinary science ( Animal Nutrition)

Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Animal Nutrition (B.V.Sc. Animal Nutrition) is an undergraduate veterinary science study. It covers everything from the fundamentals to feeds, feeding, and ration balance for domestic animals. Additionally, Animal agricultural economics, genetics, reproduction, and nutrition absorption are some of the other topics that could be investigated. The development and investigation of appropriate animal feeding formulas is a top priority. Although this course covers both mammals and birds, it is primarily focused on cattle, horses, pigs, and poultry, as are most animal science programmes.

The course is designed with a career in mind, and completion will open up a variety of opportunities. The majority of animal nutritionists, on the other hand, have advanced degrees. Despite the fact that a master’s or doctoral degree is not required, professionals in this field are more likely to pursue graduate degrees. Working in research, management, or other upper-level positions usually necessitates a doctoral degree. Many prospective animal nutritionists study veterinary medicine in order to care for animals in all aspects of their health and nutrition.

  • The course will teach you how to apply holistic medicine to animals properly, as well as the benefits of these medications, how to tell whether they’re working, and how to talk to pet owners about veterinary homoeopathy.
  • They should be able to communicate effectively, negotiate well, and persuade others.
  • Candidates must be able to use a computer and work with databases and specialist sales/customer relations applications.
  • Applicants must also be able to travel because they will be needed to drive long distances on numerous occasions throughout the course and career.
  • They should be able to manage their own time as well as the time of others.

Scope of BVSC ( Animal nutrition)

  • The course benefits students by introducing them to the stages of domestic animal life, the function of nutrients, and numerous therapeutic nutrition applications, including prescription diets and meals.
  • Applicants who pass the course can pursue a Master’s degree and subsequently pursue research studies.
  • After completing the course, they will be able to do tasks such as monitoring gauges, dials, and other indicators to ensure that a machine is operating properly.
  • They can also advise farmers, other animal owners, veterinarians, and government agencies on nutrition.

List of top BVSC animal nutrition colleges in India

College Name Affiliated to Cut off
Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology NA 50%
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science NA 55%
Nagpur Veterinary College Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur 57%
College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology 50%

Average fees for animal nutrition

– 1 to 2 lakhs per annum.

Admission Criteria for bachelors of veterinary science ( Animal Nutrition)

The application process for a BVSc in Animal Nutrition varies by college. Some colleges hold entrance exams for admission and choose students based on their test scores, whereas others admit students based on merit and a personal interview.

Admissions by Direct Entry

  • Go to the college’s official website and fill out an application.
  • Move to the application form and fill it out.
  • Please include all of your academic information.
  • It is necessary to pay the application fee.
  • Fill out the form and submit it.

Entrance Exam Based Admission

  • Go to the college’s official website and fill out an application.
  • Move to the application form and fill it out.
  • Give your academic information.
  • For verification and admission cards, provide the candidate’s email address and phone number.
  • It is necessary to pay the application fee.
  • Fill the application form and send it .
  • Take a look at your admission card.

Enrolling for entrance exam-based admission requires taking the entrance exam and passing it with the required qualifying marks set by the institution. For final selection in the college, an applicant must pass the interview phase after completing the tests.

Types of Jobs After BVSC

  • Senior Veterinarian Production Officer
  • Stores Officer
  • Animal Attendant (Walk-in)
  • Poultry Nutritionist
  • Teacher
  • Livestock Consultant

Average Placements after BVSC

  • Universities and Colleges
  • Agricultural and Livestock Management
  • Privately owned companies
  • Vertebrate Pest Control
  • Production and Nutrition of Livestock
  • Conservation of wildlife
  • Animal Welfare Organizations and Zoos

Master of veterinary science ( Animal Nutrition)

The Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Nutrition is a two-year postgraduate degree that focuses on animal nutrition. It focuses on the areas where health and nutrition are most intertwined. Qualifying for the entrance exam and graduating with a minimum of 60% are the essential requirements for enrollment in the MVSc in Animal Nutrition programme. Candidates can also take several entrance exams as specified by universities and colleges to gain admission to this programme. The average annual expenses for this programme range from INR 8,000 to 3 Lacs. Professors, researchers, doctors, and other professionals can work as MVSc Animal Nutrition graduates. Graduates in this field can expect to earn anywhere between INR 1 lac and INR 10 lac per year as a beginning salary.

Course Specifics

This course will teach candidates how to care for various breeds, livestock, and farm animals. This course, which focuses on a range of species and breeds, covers animal science, animal health, and animal nutrition.

The postgraduate degree programme aims to provide scientists with the scientific expertise of animal nutrition they need to succeed in the animal nutrition industry. Through case studies, the course focuses on operational understanding of animal feed. The curriculum equips students with professional skills in order to advance their careers in a relevant field. The programme teaches nutrition principles, as well as the sources and functions of micro and macro nutrients, as well as animal metabolism. The focus of education is on the biological interpretation of epidemiological data, the role of nutrition in disease transmission, illness prevention, and animal health protection. The theoretical lectures, field visits, guest lectures, seminars, project work, and examinations are all part of the curriculum.

Scope of MVSC ( Animal Nutrition)

  • Students can easily find work as professors, researchers, doctors, and other professionals after completing this course. Graduates in this field can expect to earn anywhere between INR 1 lac and INR 10 lac per year as a beginning salary.
  • If you want to learn everything there is to know about this course, you can work as a research scientist for a reputable company.
  • MVSc Animal Nutrition graduates are provided attractive remuneration packages ranging from INR 1 to 10 lakhs per annum.
  • After successfully completing an MVSc Animal Nutrition degree, an individual can work in a variety of firms.
  • Graduates of the Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Nutrition programme can pursue Ph.D. programmes in the same or a different specialisation to advance their careers and studies.
  • Graduates who wish to work in business and administration can enrol in MBA programmes, as possessing both an MVSc and an MBA degree can earn them a good wage.

List of Top MVSC ( Animal nutrition ) Colleges in India

College name Affiliated to Cut off
College Of Veterinary Science And Animal Husbandry, Banaskantha SDAU PALANPUR Merit based 50 %
College Of Veterinary Science And Animal Husbandry, Mathura Uttar Pradesh PanditDeenDayalUpadhayayaPashuChikitsaVigyanVishwavidhayalaEvam Go AnusandhanSansthan Merit based 50 %
Bombay Veterinary College – [Bvc], Mumbai Mumbai University Merit based 50 %
Nagpur Veterinary College – [Nvc], Nagpur Nagpur University Merit based 50 %

Average Fees for MVSC ( Animal Nutrition)

– 8000 Rupees to 3 lakh Rupees per annum.

Admission Criteria for MVSC Animal Nutrition

  • Eligible students must pass an entrance exam, a group discussion, and a personal interview round in order to be considered for admission to the MVSc Animal Nutrition programme.
  • Exam registration forms will be available on the websites of the relevant institutions and universities whenever they are available.
  • Admission to this programme is based on a combination of grades earned at the undergraduate level and the results of the corresponding entrance exams.
  • When a student passes the entrance exam, the selection process begins, which is followed by a GD round and a PI round for admission.

Types of Jobs after MVSC ( Animal nutrition)

Animal nutritionists can work in a variety of settings, including farms, corporate research centres, government development facilities, pharmaceutical companies, pet or livestock feeding organisations, government laboratories, public zoos, and wildlife rehabilitation centres.

  • Graduates are frequently active in creative endeavours like putting puzzles together.
  • It also comprises new research ideas, specialised deals, quality control, production control, and corporate management.
  • Animal Nutritionists not only use innovative treatment methods, but they also promote society’s overall health and coordination.
  • R&D, specialised deals, quality control, creation control, and corporate administration are some of the divisions in which an Animal Nutritionist can function.

Average Placements after MVSC ( Animal nutrition)

Feed companies, educational institutions, livestock consultancy, animal care farms, zoos, public and private firms, and the pet animal feed industry all have plenty of openings for students. They can also seek advanced studies in the field of research.

Phd In animal nutrition

A Ph. D. in Animal Nutrition is a full-time post-doctoral programme that lasts a minimum of three years and a maximum of five years.Candidates who have completed a two-year post-graduate degree in Master of Science / M. Phil from a recognised university with a minimum of 55 percent are eligible to apply for this programme.Admission to the Ph.D. (Animal Nutrition) programme is based on the veterinary council of India’s all-India competitive examinations. Students must also participate in college interviews and group discussions.

Graduates may find work in a variety of fields, such as animal breeding, food and fibre production, animal behaviour and welfare, biotechnology, and so on. They can work as an animal scientist, a livestock manager, a pet breeder, or a dog trainer, among other occupations. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the United States Department of Labor projects that positions for agriculture and food scientists, which includes veterinary nutritionists, would grow by 6% between 2019 and 2029, faster than the average predicted increase for other occupations.

The Ph. D. in Animal Nutrition is a programme that teaches students the fundamentals of animal nutrition. Students might concentrate on disciplines such as genetics, biology, physiology, companion animals, animal behaviour, development and production, and engineering in this course. Agri-business, Fundamentals of nutrition, Non-ruminant nutrition, Ruminant nutrition, Case studies, Molecular nutrition, and Zoo animal nutrition are all required modules for the course. Furthermore, this course will teach you about technology and its implementation in the sectors of nutrition, feed production, and animal genetics, as well as biochemical innovations.

Colleges offering Phd in animal nutrition

College name Affiliated to Cut of/ Merit based
GovindBallabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology UGC, ICAR, AICTE 50-60%
Junagadh Agricultural University Indian Council of Agricultural Research 50-60%
Indian Veterinary Research Institute University Grants Commission of India 50-60%
Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University UGC 50-60%

Average for Phd in animal nutrition

– 20,000 – 200000 Per annum

Admission criteria for Phd in animal nutrition

Admission to this programme is based on a valid rank attained in the university’s Entrance Test or the merit of the previous qualifying examination. The admissions process begins when the Post-Graduation result is announced.

The authority checks the application form after the candidates have finished filling it out. Candidates are picked depending on their results in the Entrance Exam. Some colleges and universities also conduct personal interviews for admission; students must pass this step.

Admission on the basis of merit

The candidates’ success in the prior qualifying test determines their admission to the PhD programme in Animal Nutrition. Candidates are picked on the basis of their academic achievements in the past.

Entrance exam based admission

For admission, several colleges and universities hold their own entrance examination. Various organisations hold numerous national and regional entrance tests to admit students to their PhD programmes.

The following are some of the most important entrance exams for admission to a Ph.D. programme in Animal Nutrition:

  • The National Testing Agency administers the UGC NET. For admission to PhD programmes in a range of specialisations, an entrance examination is usually held. It takes place once a year.
  • JRF: The Junior Research Fellowship entrance exam is held primarily to provide financial assistance to PhD candidates who match the set criteria.
  • CSIR: The CSIR National Eligibility Test (NET) is a national-level entrance exam that determines your eligibility for a Junior Research Fellowship (JRF). The CSIR NET is mostly for life sciences and associated subjects.

Average Placements after phd in animal nutrition

International development agencies, educational and research institutes, agricultural advisory bodies, government departments, universities, and animal and pet food producers are all places where Ph. D holders in Animal Nutrition can find work. Dairy Consultant, Veterinary Technician, agricultural agents, Animal dietician, Teacher / Professor, Nutritionist for Animal , Research associate are some of the job profiles available to them.

What to do after you get a Phd in animal nutrition?

The following options are available to those who have completed their Ph. D. in Animal Nutrition.

  • They have the option of starting their own clinic.
  • They might work in either a public or private veterinary hospital.
  • Animal dietician
  • nutritionist for animals
  • Animal veterinary
  • Veterinary technician
  • Dairy consultant
  • Veterinarian

Animal Nutrition Job roles and levels in India

Nutritionist for Animals

Nutritionists are scientists who study the nutritional value of animal feeds and offer livestock dietary advice to farm, agricultural, and government employees. A small number of universities offer animal nutrition expert degree programmes. Animal dieticians are in charge of examining the effects of various foods fed to animals as well as the gastrointestinal tracts of animals. They work in zoos or research laboratories.

They conduct study and diet planning in order to offer nutritionally adequate food to domestic animals and cattle.

Job responsibilities

  • For commercial animals and pets, assess the chemical and nutritional content of feeds, feed supplements, grass, and forage.
  • develop meals and rations to promote growth, reproduction, health, and performance
  • evaluate the nutritional and economic merits of various feeding schemes
  • investigate the efficacy of dietary regimens
  • carry out animal studies and trials in the lab
  • aid in the work of agricultural consultants
  • Communicate with producers and clients to learn about their goals and ambitions, as well as the market’s unique requirements.
  • To ensure that feed formulas fulfil quality performance and animal health criteria, keep an eye on them.
  • advise farmers, other animal owners, veterinarians, and government authorities on nutrition
  • The processes for making animal feed should be simplified.
  • extend existing animal food product lines and create new ones
  • assist commercial teams in the development and marketing of new goods
  • Following the debut of a new product, implement sales and marketing techniques.
  • balancing rising consumer demand for quality with the necessity for competitive farming systems
  • keep up with regulatory changes and maintain expertise in nutritional trends
  • explore nutritional diseases and the safe storage of feeds, typically in collaboration with veterinary surgeons, using software to develop diets, perform research, and generate results.

Average salary

Beginners – 3 Lakhs per annum

Mid Experienced – 4.5 lakhs per annum

Highly Experienced – 6 lakhs per annum

Animal Dietician

In private clinics, animal hospitals, and research centres, veterinary technicians aid veterinarians in diagnosing and treating animals. Testing blood, urine, stool, and other samples, administering vaccines and other medications under the direction of a veterinarian, administering anaesthesia and otherwise preparing animals for surgery, and any other task necessary to assist veterinarians with the care and treatment of animals are all part of the job. Veterinary technicians, unlike veterinary assistants, must complete specialised training and obtain a licence. Also, Veterinary assistants, on the other hand, are unable to perform tests or give drugs, among other constraints.

Veterinary technicians, like laboratory technicians and nurses, provide services to veterinarians. Also, Veterinary technicians help with animal treatment by gathering medical information from their owners and assisting with the administration of therapies or drugs. As needed, blood and other samples are examined. Depending on where a veterinary technician works, their responsibilities may differ. Those who work in small private offices that cater to family pets, for example, are likely to spend more time assisting veterinarians with treatments and interacting with pet owners. Those who work in research laboratories, on the other hand, may spend more of their time completing tests in a laboratory setting.

Job Role

Each veterinary practice’s job of a veterinary technician may differ slightly, however common responsibilities include:

  • Conducting a preliminary examination of the animal.
  • Taking vital signs, drawing blood, and compiling medical histories are all part of the process.
  • Providing first assistance in an emergency.
  • Specimen gathering
  • Assisting in the research process.
  • Procedures in the laboratory are conducted.
  • Getting animals and equipment ready for surgery.

Average salary

  • Beginners – 3.5 Lakhs per annum
  • Mid Experienced – 4.5 lakhs per annum
  • Highly Experienced – 5.8 lakhs per annum

Veterinarian

A veterinarian, also known as a vet, is an animal doctor that diagnoses and treats animals that are sick, injured, or require routine care. They provide guidance to humans on how to properly care for their pets, dispense medication, and perform surgery on animals, among other things. Veterinarians look for the health of animals as well as the general populace. They diagnose, treat, and investigate animal illnesses and diseases in pets, cattle, and other animals. Performing surgery on damaged animals, healing wounds, spaying and neutering animals, and prescribing drugs are all part of a veterinarian’s daily routine. If you enjoy being around animals and are committed to giving them with the best possible care, we’d like to meet you. Finally, you’ll be the point of contact for pet owners, whether it’s to treat illnesses and injuries or to offer advise on animal diet and general care.

Types of veterinarian

  • Veterinarians that specialise in companion animals work in private clinics and hospitals. Cats and dogs are the most common creatures they care for, but they also treat birds, ferrets, and rabbits. These veterinarians diagnose and treat animal health problems, provide preventive healthcare advice to pet owners, and perform medical and surgical treatments such as vaccines, dental work, and fracture repair.
  • Food animal veterinarians work with agricultural animals raised for human consumption, such as pigs, cattle, and sheep. They spend their days treating ill and wounded animals, as well as testing and vaccination against disease, on farms and ranches. They may offer advice on feeding, housing, and general health procedures to farm owners and management.
  • Inspection and food safety Veterinarians look for serious animal diseases in animals and animal products and test them. They also treat animals with vaccines, improve animal welfare, conduct animal health research, and enforce government food safety rules. They develop and carry out animal and public health programmes to prevent and control diseases that transmit between animals and humans.

Job responsibilities

  • Diagnoses and treats diseases and injuries in animals to keep them healthy.
  • Examines pets and/or large animals to determine the nature of disease or injury.
  • Surgical or medical treatment is used to help animals regain their health.
  • By testing animals and administering inoculations, it is possible to prevent rabies, brucellosis, and other diseases.
  • Advises animal owners on sanitation, nutrition, and general care in order to promote animal health.
  • Completes and updates paperwork, reports, and animal records, as well as reporting infections to public health officials, to document activities.
  • Accepts responsibility for completing new and varied demands, as well as researching chances to add value to the task.

Average salary

Beginners – 4.5 Lakhs per annum

Mid Experienced – 8.5 lakhs per annum

Highly Experienced – 20-40 lakhs per annum

Livestock Consultant

Livestock consultants work with organisations to implement training programmes and give assistance and facilitation for livestock-related activities. These people must be well qualified because a lot depends on them when it comes to the health and well-being of livestock and, ultimately, the output.

As a livestock consultant, you will bear a great deal of responsibility, so you will only be selected if you have a long track record of accomplishments and experience in the development of livestock management programmes. You’ll also need to be aware of social and environmental problems, as well as issues concerning natural resources. Yes, it is difficult labour that necessitates extensive participation in natural resource management.

Because many livestock consultants work outside of the United States, they must be able to understand and function in a variety of cultural and economic environments. Excellent interpersonal skills, as well as the ability to communicate in the language of the nation where you will be stationed – if relevant – are required for this job.

Job Role

  • Analyze and review project information relevant to the current state of pastures and future pasture improvement directions.
  • Visit project regions in person to finish formulation of project-related concerns, particularly in arid areas.
  • Discuss and approve activities relating to project continuance and best practise implementation.
  • Ensure that effective monitoring of livestock-related consequences is carried out in accordance with established monitoring systems.
  • Examine existing national resources and strategies for developing a national livestock strategy.
  • Revise draught concepts for a national pasture use management strategy in arid areas.
  • Create detailed consulting work plans that outline the approaches to be employed.
  • Collect all pertinent data from communities and local governments for use in livestock management initiatives.
  • At the end of each field day, provide preliminary findings to management.
  • Before each consulting phase, prepare and present approach, tools, and work plans.
  • Review project documentation, strategy, and progress reports with the project team and develop ideas.
  • Provide advice on how to improve pasture livestock development data.
  • Develop and implement a strategy for effectively disseminating project

Average salary

  • Beginners – 3 Lakhs per annum
  • Mid Experienced – 6 lakhs per annum
  • Highly Experienced – 8 lakhs per annum

Research Veterinarian

Animal-based scientific research requires the services of research veterinarians. Knowing how to become a research veterinarian, regardless of your current qualifications, can increase your chances of having a successful career in this field. Knowing all of the steps necessary to work as a research veterinarian is a valuable piece of information that can be obtained through research. In this article, we’ll look at what a research veterinarian is, what they do, how to become one, as well as salary and job prospects.

A research veterinarian is a medical specialist that offers health care to animals used in various medical studies and research projects. They have experience with a wide range of animal species and, in addition to performing medical treatments and taking preventative measures to keep animals healthy, they also perform other activities to assist the researchers.

Job Role

  • A Research Veterinarian is a veterinarian that gives medical care to animals used in medical research and studies.
  • Prescribes drugs, creates and implements treatment programmes, and operates on animals.
  • As a Research Veterinarian, you’ll be in charge of overseeing animal care and laboratory techniques to ensure that they meet veterinary standards and legal requirements.
  • To practise, you must have a valid state licence.
  • A PhD in veterinary medicine is also required for the position of Research Veterinarian. The person to whom they report is generally a manager or the head of a unit/department.

Average salary

  • Beginners – 3.5 Lakhs per annum
  • Mid Experienced – 6 lakhs per annum
  • Highly Experienced – 8 lakhs per annum

Frequently asked questions

Q1) What includes animal nutrition?

Animal nutrition takes into account nutrient requirements, food intake methods, and food utilisation in the body. Nutrition refers to the process of supplying and obtaining the food essential for an animal’s health and growth. Through a multitude of processes, including digestion and absorption in the digestive tract, blood transport, and cell metabolism, food nutrients are utilised as an animal’s major source of energy. The regulation of animal nutrition is linked to the function of many tissues and organs in animals. New and changing concepts in animal nutrition and metabolism pose new research problems that necessitate multidisciplinary collaboration, a rethinking of old discipline boundaries, and the adoption of new research methodologies.

Animal nutrition is the study of how food is metabolised (used and eliminated) in the digestive system and body cells of monogastric animals (pigs, broilers, layers), lower digestive tract fermenters (horses, ostriches) and ruminants (sheep, cattle, goats). The nutritional requirements of various animal species for various production functions are also covered. Finally, this information is combined into a cost-effective and practical animal nutrition system to ensure that the genetic production potential of animals is maximised.

Q2)  What are  the five steps involved in animal nutrition?

Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, Assimilation, and Egestion are the five phases in the animal nutrition process.

  • Ingestion is the process of bringing food into the body (through the mouth), chewing it, and breaking it down with teeth. Bolus is the term for the process of breaking down food and mixing it with saliva.
  • Food (which consists of large, insoluble molecules that are broken down into small, water soluble molecules) is digested by enzymes and then used for energy production by the cells.
  • Absorption is the process through which digested food enters the bloodstream (via the gut wall). Our body cells consume the energy released by digested food and subsequently assist in the formation of diverse bodily tissues.
  • Assimilation is the process of digested food moving into the body’s many cells for energy, development, and repair.
  • Egestion refers to the process through which undigested food is expelled from the body. Kidneys assist in the purification of blood and the removal of metabolic wastes from the body.

Q3) Where can I study animal nutrition?

There are a number of institutes that offer the animal nutrition courses all over India. Here are names of some good colleges that offer animal nutrition courses in India.

  1. GovindBallabh Pant University of agriculture and technology
  2. Indian institute of veterinary research
  3. Maharashtra animal and fisheries institute
  4. Kerala veterinary and animal sciences institute
  5. Tamil nadu veterinary and animal sciences institute

Q4) How do I become a animal nutritionist in India ?

Qualifying for the entrance exam and graduating with a minimum of 60% are the essential requirements for enrollment in the MVSc in Animal Nutrition programme. Candidates can also take several entrance exams as specified by universities and colleges to gain admission to this programme.

For admittance into the profession, a degree in nutrition, equine studies, animal/veterinary science, medical sciences, agriculture, or dietetics is normally required. Graduates of closely related degree subjects (such as biology) may be eligible if they complete an appropriate postgraduate qualification. To be eligible for the exam, you must have completed either a Post Graduate Diploma in Nutrition & Dietetics or an M.Sc. in Food & Nutrition, followed by a 6-month internship after graduation. The exam is split divided two parts.

Q5) What are the essential requirements for animal nutrition?

Food connects people of different cultures, races, and ethnicities. It also brings people together and allows them to experience the pleasure of a wonderful meal. Food, on the other hand, is more than just a source of amusement. Also, It is the source of energy to our bodies. Providing the energy that our cells require to carry out all of their regular tasks.

Carbohydrates, protein, and lipids are the three main macronutrients found in food. To be healthy, all animals, including livestock and humans, require the right amount of each. Water and micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, are also required by animals. Today, we’ll look at how much of each of these nutrients animals require, as well as their importance.

Carbohydrates

Bread, pasta, rice, and potatoes are all staples in most people’s meals. All of these delectable foods are mostly made up of carbs. Carbohydrates are sugars, which can be simple sugars like glucose or fructose or lengthy chains of sugars like starch also Carbohydrates have been ignored in many diets, but they are necessary for all animals. In fact, Carbohydrates should account for 45 to 65 percent of a person’s calorie intake.

Proteins

Protein powder supplied to gym enthusiasts at health food stores may come to mind when we think of proteins. Protein, on the other hand, isn’t solely for muscle growth. Proteins are macronutrients that help the body grow and repair itself.

Protein accounts for 10 percent to 35 percent of a person’s calories, depending on their age and degree of exercise. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building components. Although the body can synthesise certain amino acids, others, known as essential amino acids, must be acquired from diet. Varied foods have diverse amino acid contents, and consequently different protein sources. Meat typically contains all of the essential amino acids, however vegetarian protein sources must be varied to provide all of the essential amino acids.

Herbivorous livestock, which eat exclusively plants, can be particularly troublesome. Basically, For appropriate growth and development, these animals may require feed enriched with vital amino acids.

Lipids

A good lipid is something that everyone enjoys. Basically, Lipids are fats that can be found in many of our favourite meals, including butter, oil, and the products made with them also Lipids were once reviled in the nutrition world, but they are vital to human health. Not to mention, Lipids are needed in the body for long-term energy storage, to cushion our organs, and even to insulate our brain cells so that they can convey messages to the rest of the body more efficiently.

Saturated and unsaturated lipids are the two main forms of lipids. Also, Animal fats contain saturated lipids, which can be damaging to our bodies. Unsaturated fats, on the other hand, are vital for human health and should be incorporated in a balanced diet. Further, Plant-based fats like oil and avocado include unsaturated lipids. The amount of fat in an animal’s diet, on the other hand, should be balanced with the other macronutrients. Lipids should account for no more than 20% to 25% of total calories in human diets.

Water

Not to mention, Water is an essential component of any animal’s diet. Every cell in the body contains it. Not only, It aids in bodily cooling and transports other nutrients throughout the body but also aids in the formation of waste products in the body. Ensure that the cattle have access to plenty of fresh water on a daily basis. Also, Water deprivation affects animal performance more quickly and significantly than any other nutrient shortfall. Domesticated animals can survive without food for around sixty days, but only seven days without water.

Vitamins

Watersoluble and fatsoluble vitamins are the two types of vitamins. Actually, The animal’s rumen produces it also B complex vitamins are soluble vitamins that are produced in the animal’s rumen. A, D, E, and K are fatsoluble vitamins that are important in cattle. Sunlight or suncured hay are usually sufficient sources of vitamin D for cattle. Vitamin E is typically obtained through food, whereas vitamin K is created in the rumen.

Minerals

Minerals are needed to build strong bones and teeth, as well as blood, muscle, and neurons. Similarly, It’s possible that some minerals will need to be put straight to the ration. Minerals such as salt, calcium, and phosphorus are required in greater quantities than other minerals. Also, Asaltmineral box should be provided for cattle to supplement the minerals they do not obtain from their feed. Cattle should have access to this box at all times. For instance, Calcium and phosphorus are examples of trace minerals. We can get calcium and phosphorus via consumption of cheese and milk. Further, Grass and hay can provide calcium to beef cattle, but grains are heavy in phosphorus. For us, beef is a great source of numerous trace minerals.

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List of Universities offering Animal Nutrition
List of Universities