Animal Husbandry: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021)

Regarding Animal Husbandry, In the 14th century, a “wife” was the owner and administrator of a house or farm; today, it refers to “control or wise use of resources,” as well as the growth of plants and animals in agricultural output. When you say “wife,” be sure to include the phrase “manage properly.” For those who desire flock, animal husbandry skills are a must-have. Food production requires the care of animals only for food production (meat, fiber, milk, etc.). A long history of animal husbandry dates back to 13,000 BC when humans first domesticated animals. The ancient Egyptians and other eras kept a variety of flocks, including cattle, sheep, goats, and even pigs.

Animal husbandry is important in Uttarakhand since it both produces income and feeds the local population.The creation of new work opportunities in the animal husbandry industry would help increase jobs in the state and business development.

Farmers like Robert Bakewell developed new breeds like the Dishley Longhorn cow and the Lincoln Longwool sheep during the British Agricultural Revolution in the 18th century. The keeping of animals such as horses and buffalo is common in certain parts of the world, as are llamas, rabbits, and guinea pigs. Aquaculture includes the growth of fish, insects, crustaceans, mollusks, and other marine animals on land, as well as the farming of these organisms. Animal husbandry in the contemporary era is reliant on these techniques since they are area-specific.

Table of Contents

Evolution of Animal Husbandry

To replace subsistence farming, more developed nations are turning to high-density animal feeding operations like feedlots and broiler houses or battery farms, which raise millions of birds each year. Because of the sheer size of their herds and their dependence on food sources, cattle must graze in low-lying regions like the highland moors. If flock output and jobs are to rise, a robust institutional network must be in place to provide them with local vet services, animal breeding facilities, and activities that promote flock production.

When feeding pigs and poultry, it is necessary to supplement the forage cellulose with high-protein meals.

What is Animal Husbandry?

Regarding animal husbandry meaning, Historically, animal husbandry has been a key component of subsistence farming, providing not just food for the family but also fuel, fertilizer, clothing, transportation, and draught power. Food was seen as a secondary consideration, and if feasible, commodities like wool, eggs, milk, and blood were collected while the animal was still alive (by the Maasai). Transhumance was formerly a system in which humans and flock rotated between designated summer and winter pastures; in montane areas, summer pastures were placed in the mountains, while winter pastures were located in the lowlands.

Animals may be housed in large or tiny enclosures. Extensive systems let animals wander freely or under the care of a herdsman, often to avoid predators. Ranching is a word used to describe huge herds of cattle grazing freely on public and private property across the Western United States. Cattle ranches of a similar kind occur in South America, Australia, and other countries with vast geographical regions and little rainfall. Sheep, deer, ostrich, emu, llama, and alpaca have all been bred on ranches.

Sheep are released on the fells in the spring and left alone to graze on the rich mountain grasses until late in the year when they are moved to lower elevations and fed throughout the winter. In rural regions, pigs and poultry may get a substantial part of their nutrition via scavenging, while hens in African communities might spend months without food and still produce one or two eggs each week.

Pigs confined in a barn

In contrast, animals are frequently intensively managed in more developed parts of the world; dairy cows may be kept in zero-grazing conditions with all forage brought to them; beef cattle may be kept in high-density feedlots; pigs may be housed in climate-controlled buildings and never leave, and poultry may be raised in barns and caged as laying birds under light-controlled conditions. Between these two extremes are semi-intensive, often family-run farms where cattle graze outside for the bulk of the year, silage or hay is produced to replace times when grass does not grow, and external inputs such as fertilizer, feed, and other inputs are carried onto the farm.


Except for the omnivorous pig and chicken, the majority of flock animals are herbivorous. Herbivores are classified as “concentration selectors,” who eat mainly seeds, fruits, and highly nutritious young leaves, “grazers,” which eat mostly grass, and “intermediate feeders,” which eat a variety of plant material. Ruminants include cattle, sheep, goats, deer, and antelopes; they digest food in two stages, chewing and swallowing normally and then regurgitating partially digested cud to chew and extract the most nutritional value. Grass provides the bulk of these animals’ nutritional requirements. Grasses develop from the leaf blade’s base, which enables them to survive when grazed or severely damaged.

Due to the seasonal growth pattern of grass in many regions, such as the temperate summer or tropical rainy season, portions of the crop are saved for harvesting and preservation as hay (dried grass) or silage (fermented grass). Other fodder crops are also produced, and many of them, as well as agricultural wastes, maybe ensiled to supplement cattle’s nutritional requirements during the lean season.

While animals reared extensively on pasture may subsist completely on it, cattle raised intensively on pasture may need additional energy and protein-rich meals. The bulk of the energy is derived from cereals and cereal by-products, fats and oils, and sugar-rich meals, while protein is derived from fish or animal meal, milk products, lentils, and other plant foods that are often by-products of vegetable oil production. Because pigs and fowl are non-ruminants and therefore unable to digest the cellulose found in grass and other forages, they are fed only grains and other high-energy meals.


Farm animal breeding is seldom spontaneous; rather, it is often managed by farmers to promote desirable characteristics. These characteristics include hardiness, fecundity, docility, and mothering skills, as well as rapid growth rates, low feed consumption per unit of growth, improved body proportions, increased yields, and enhanced fiber quality. It is beneficial to possess negative characteristics such as health problems and aggression.Selective breeding has resulted in a significant rise in output. For example, an eight-week-old broiler chicken weighed 4.8 times what it did in 1957, and the average milk production of a dairy cow in the United States almost quadrupled in the thirty years to 2007.

Animal welfare

Proper husbandry, nutrition, and cleanliness are critical components of farm animal health, which results in economic advantages associated with increased output. When animals get ill despite these measures, the farmer and veterinarian provide vet medications to the animals. Farmers who treat their animals in the European Union are obliged to follow treatment standards and maintain track of the therapies they provide. Animals are vulnerable to a variety of illnesses and disorders, some of which are fatal. While some, such as classical swine fever and scrapie, are stock-specific, others, such as foot-and-mouth disease, infect all cloven-hoofed animals. Internal and external parasites are common in animals kept in close quarters; in Scotland, an increasing population of sea lice is causing havoc on farmed salmon. Reduced parasite loads result in increased production and profitability for dairy cows.

When the situation is serious, governments impose import and export restrictions, animal movement limitations, quarantine restrictions, and reporting requirements for suspected cases. Certain illnesses have vaccines available, and antibiotics are often used when necessary. Antibiotics were formerly regularly given to some complicated meals to stimulate growth, but this practice has been prohibited in some countries due to the danger of antimicrobial resistance developing in animals and people.

The flock that has been identified

Governments are worried about zoonoses, or animal-to-human disease transmission. Inadequate biosecurity may result in wild animal populations contracting illnesses that may be transmitted to domestic animals. In 1999, an epidemic of the Nipah virus was linked to pigs being sick after coming into touch with fruit-eating flying foxes, their feces, and urine. Pigs later spread the illness to humans. Avian influenza H5N1 is widespread in wild bird populations and has the potential to spread widely through migratory birds. Domestic poultry and people living near them are especially vulnerable to this virus. Rabies, leptospirosis, brucellosis, TB, and trichinosis are other infectious illnesses that afflict wild animals, agricultural animals, and people.

Species diversification

Cattle do not have a generally accepted definition. Cattle raised for meat and milk production, as well as sheep, goats, pigs, and poultry, are all common flock species. Numerous other animals, such as horses, are sometimes classified as a flock, whereas poultry birds are occasionally excluded. In certain areas of the globe, buffalo, as well as South American camelids such as the alpaca and llama, are considered flocks. Aquaculture fish, micro-flock such as rabbits and rodents such as guinea pigs, as well as insects maintained for human consumption ranging from honey bees to crickets, are defined by some authorities.

Animals are bred for some reasons, the most apparent being meat, wool, milk, and eggs. However, additional products such as tallow, isinglass, and rennet are also produced. Additionally, animals are maintained for specialized reasons, such as vaccine production and the production of antiserum (antibodies) for medicinal purposes. When fodder or other crops are planted alongside cattle, dung may be utilized to fertilize the soil, replenishing it with minerals and organic matter in a semi-closed organic system.

History of Animal Husbandry

Regarding what is animal husbandry, Animal husbandry is important for humans since it results in a wide variety of nutritionally superior food products. They meet commercial food standards, such as those for cow, goat, and buffalo milk. They are referred known as milch animals due to the high protein, vitamin, and mineral content of their milk. Additionally, animal husbandry is important for another group of animals on whom humans depend for eggs and meat: chickens, ducks, geese, goats, and fish. Additionally, they are designed to offer protein-, iron-, fat-, vitamin B12-, and zinc-rich meat. Each of these nutrients is necessary for increasing metabolic rate, improving fullness feelings, and decreasing hunger. Additionally, marine animals such as fish are believed to improve a person’s happiness and health due to their high Omega-3 fatty acid content, DHA, and vitamin D content.

Animal husbandry is a large-scale business that entails the care and breeding of animals on a big scale. The aim of creating a farm or specific location is to offer shelter, food, and the ability to cultivate plants. Additionally, apiculture, or bee farming, is covered, as is aquaculture, or sea animal farming.

Neolithic revolution

It started with the Neolithic revolution, with the production of the first domesticated animals. Historically, tiny farms raised cattle, goats, sheep, and pigs. Agriculturalists made major advances in animal husbandry after the 18th century, increasing daily meat, wool, and milk output. Horses, rabbits, guinea pigs, and water buffalo were also used in certain areas of the world. Aquaculture of mollusks, crustaceans, and fish, as well as insect farming, was gaining popularity. In the contemporary age, animal husbandry definitions vary depending on the kind of land and production methods available. Contemporary methods have embraced intensive animal husbandry by making thousands of chickens and high-density feedlots available. This significantly increases the yield per acre of land by spending significant financial and human resources.

Regarding animal husbandry in India, Cattle domestication was driven by a need for sustenance during times of unsuccessful hunting. The desirable characteristics of a domestic animal are its use to the domesticator, its capacity to thrive in his or her company, its capacity to breed freely and its simplicity of care.

Domestication was not a single event, but a series of events that took place throughout time and in a variety of places.

Summary of Evolution

The Near East domesticated pigs between 8,500 and 8000 BC, the Fertile Crescent domesticated sheep and goats, and contemporary Turkey and Pakistan domesticated cattle from wild aurochs.

A cow was a great asset to a villager since it produced more milk than her calf needed and her strength could be utilized to boost crop production and draw a sled, and subsequently a cart, used to carry goods from the field. Around 4,000 BC, draught animals were first used in the Middle East, substantially increasing agricultural production. Southern Asia domesticated the elephant about 6,000 BC.

Although fossilized chicken bones dating to 5040 BC were found in northern China, distant from the tropical Asian jungles where their wild forefathers roamed, experts believe that domestication was first driven by the cockfighting sport.

Meanwhile, before 3,000 BC, the llama and alpaca were most likely domesticated in South America as beasts of burden and for their wool. Both were incapable of dragging a plow, impeding the development of tillage in the New World.

Horses are native to Central Asia’s steppes and were domesticated about 3,000 BC for meat production; they were also employed as pack animals and for riding. Egypt began domesticating wild asses concurrently. Camels were rapidly domesticated, with the Bactrian camel employed as a loaded animal in Mongolia and the Arabian camel as a burden animal in Arabia. By 1000 BC, camel caravans had established a commercial route between India, Mesopotamia, and the Mediterranean.

Medieval agricultural practices

When the Roman Empire collapsed, northern Europe’s tillage, particularly animal husbandry, experienced a decline. Certain era-defining characteristics, such as animal husbandry, have survived. By the eleventh century, the economy had recovered and the soil had regained its fertility.

The Domesday Book carefully recorded every inch of land and animal in England: “not a single hide, not a yard of land, not even an ox, a cow, or a pig remained unmentioned in [the king’s] writ.” For example, Earley, a royal estate in Berkshire and one of the hundreds of towns mentioned in the book, had in 1086 “Two fisheries valued seven and sixpence each, as well as twenty acres of pasture [for cattle]. To [feed] 70 pigs, a forested area has been created.”

Throughout Europe’s medieval period, animal husbandry advances happened concurrently with other breakthroughs.

The exploration and colonization of North and South America resulted in the introduction of crops such as maize, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and manioc to Europe, as well as the first introduction of the New World’s major Old Worldflock – cattle, horses, sheep, and goats – as well as wheat, barley, rice, and turnips.

Revolutionary Agrarian

Robert Bakewell created the Lincoln Longwool breed in the 18th century. During the 18th century British Agricultural Revolution, Robert Bakewell pioneered the scientific method of selective breeding for desired traits. He was well-known for his sheep breeding course in particular. By utilizing local stock, he was able to quickly select large yet fine-boned sheep with long, lustrous wool.

Grazing and mowing were employed to preserve Europe’s semi-natural, unfertilized pasturelands produced via ancient agricultural methods. Due to the biological parallels between this land control method and natural disturbances like wildfires, this agricultural system exhibits many beneficial characteristics in the natural environment, including the growth of biodiversity. This method is becoming obsolete as modern Europe’s agriculture expands. Biodiversity is dwindling as a consequence of the use of mechanical and chemical methods.

Mesopotamian Development

Animal domestication ushered in a tidal change in human existence. Previously nomadic cultures settled permanently and developed a pastoral economy centered on flock and crops. When humans realized that they could domesticate animals, they included them in the most basic and ubiquitous rituals of their era. While the Egyptians are well-known for their affinity for animals (particularly the cat, which served as a symbol for Bastet, the goddess of the hearth and home), many ancient eras included animal imagery into their religious symbols and ceremonies. Wild animals came to symbolize the universe’s unbridled powers (for example, the lions of the goddess Inanna in Mesopotamia), while domesticated animals represented stability and comfort (for example, the dog in Greece and Rome).

There was no real difference between animals and humans; both had souls that flowed incessantly from men to animals and back. Shiva’s son embodied man’s animal nature while also acting as a protective charm against disaster.

Domesticated symbolizations

Excavations of waste dump outside Mesopotamia’s towns and cities reveal a continuous decline in the number of wild gazelle bones after 7000 BCE (interpreted as an indication of game depletion), but a rise in the number of domesticated sheep and goat bones following the same year. China, India, and Egypt share a great deal. Throughout history, these animals became increasingly domesticated and offered a plentiful supply of food.

Species Canidae &Catidae

Mummies of cats and dogs have been discovered in Egyptian tombs, and Herodotus reports that the Egyptians were so devoted to their cats that they shaved their brows and held a somber funeral procession when one died. A more dramatic demonstration of the importance of cats, but also other animals, is the famous Battle of Pelusium in 525 BCE, in which Cambyses II of Persia defeated the Egyptian forces by having his soldiers paint the great cat goddess Bastet on their shields and driving the Egyptians’ beloved animals from the front lines.

Cambyses II of Persia conquered Egypt in this way and was so contemptuous of the Egyptians for forsaking their liberties for animal preservation that he flung cats in their faces during the war’s victory march.

Types of Animal Husbandry

Animal husbandry in the modern era is into four main types:

Farming Dairy

It includes the care of dairy animals like cows, buffaloes, sheep, and goats.

Vet experts ensure the animals’ health and well-being regularly. A healthy animal is sound physical, intellectually, and socially.

Tillage of Poultry

Poultry farming is the commercial rearing and breeding of birds. Domesticated birds include ducks, chickens, geese, pigeons, and turkeys.

It is important to care for the animals and keep them healthy to get nutritious food from them. Eggs and beef are both high in protein.

Poultry farming employs a large number of people and greatly helps farmers’ economic development.


Commercial fish farming is the practice of growing fish for commercial reasons in restricted tanks or ponds. The need for fish and fish protein is increasing. Salmon, catfish, cod, and tilapia are all grown in fish farms.

Pisciculture, or fish farming, is into two types:

Aquaculture on a large scale based on the indigenous photosynthetic output

Aquaculture on a large scale is reliant on external food supplies.

Animal Husbandry’s Contribution to Human Welfare

Humans gain from animal husbandry in the following ways:

Lactose and Other Dairy Products Lactose and Other Dairy Products

Cows, goats, and sheep are the primary producers of milk and milk products such as yogurt, cheese, and butter.Their flesh is a good source of protein.

Land Administration

Goats and sheep consume dry bushes in wildfire-prone regions, decreasing the danger of fire.

Furthermore, animals generate fibers and fabrics such as wool and leather. Additionally, it acts as a fire starter and a wall and floor plaster.

Animals employed for labor do non-human labor. Horses, yaks, and donkeys provide similar functions.

The Advantages of Animal Husbandry

Among the many benefits of animal husbandry are the following:Animal husbandry contributes to the appropriate control of animals by providing enough food, housing, and disease protection for domestic animals.

It offers work for a huge number of farmers, thus improving their quality of life. It contributes to the development of high-yielding animal breeds via cross-breeding. As a result, the production of a variety of food items, including milk, eggs, and meat, rises. It entails the appropriate disposal of animal waste and helps to environmental health improvement.


Animal husbandry, often known as animal science, is a branch of tillage that includes animal breeding and rearing. Animal husbandry is important in rural regions since it provides an economic source for a large number of farmers. Globally, animal husbandry has a significant effect. Numerous vocations are available in this area, including dairy, meat, egg, and wool production.

Professionals with a degree or certificate in animal husbandry may operate their farms or work in more specialized fields. Additionally, you might function as a consultant to a commercial or control officer, or as the manager of a farm’s relationship control. In India, animal husbandry courses are available on a full-time and correspondence basis. Additionally, India is home to many agricultural schools for those interested in pursuing a career in tillage.

Animal Husbandry Courses and Programs

Animal Husbandry Courses;

Diploma Courses:

Animal Husbandry Diploma

Animal Welfare Diploma Division of Medicine

Bachelor’s degrees:

Bachelor of Science in Animal Husbandry & Dairy Science

Vet Science and Animal Husbandry Bachelor’s Degree

Postgraduate Programs of Study:

Master’s Degree in Animal Husbandry and Dairy Production

Doctoral Studies:

Animal Husbandry Ph.D./Animal Husbandry and Drying Ph.D. in Animal Husbandry/Animal Husbandry and Drying

Vet Science and Animal Husbandry Ph.D.

How can I apply for Animal Husbandry colleges?

After finishing their class 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, students may apply for undergraduate study.

Additionally, after finishing your undergraduate degree, you may apply for admission to a postgraduate or certificate course.

Regarding the college of vet science and animal husbandry, After completing postgraduate studies in the area, you may apply for Ph.D. courses.

Colleges of Animal Husbandry in India

The Guru Angad Dev University of Vet and Animal Sciences

Regarding animal husbandry college, GADVASU, the abbreviation for Guru Angad Dev Vet and Animal Sciences University, is one of India’s top vet colleges. It offers undergraduate and graduate courses in the subject.

Karnal National Dairy Research Institute

It became National Dairy Research Institute in 1947. At the moment, the National Dairy Research Institute provides a Bachelor of Technology in Dairy Technology (DT) as well as a Diploma in Dairy Technology, Animal Husbandry, and Dairy. Additionally, it provides a Master of Science in dairying and a variety of doctorate courses in dairy-related fields.

Gujarat College of Vet Science and Animal Husbandry

On 16 August 1964, the Gujarat government founded the College of Vet Science and Animal Husbandry. In India, it is a well-known teaching and research institution. And,enrolls 82 students each year.

Mumbai’s Bombay Vet College

BVC provides associate’s, bachelor’s, and master’s degrees.

Andhra Pradesh’s Sri VenkateswaraVet University

Regarding animal husbandry University, Sri VenkateswaraVet University was by the Andhra Pradesh government in 2005. The college is mostly on vet studies. It provides associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees in Vet Science and Animal Husbandry.

University of Vet and Animal Husbandry in Ranchi

Animal husbandry is an excellent job choice if you have a deep connection to animals. I hope this information aided you in choosing the right college/university for you.You’re probably definitely familiar with the term “Animal Husbandry,” but aren’t sure where to begin? As a consequence, let us go further into this topic below.

“A career in animal husbandry entails interaction with both animals and people.”

Animal husbandry is the study of domestic animals, especially agricultural animals such as cattle, sheep, horses, and pigs.Animal husbandry includes beekeeping, dog breeding, farming, horse breeding, pig farming, cow rearing, and sheep farming.

Vet Medicine as a Career

During the 18th century British Agricultural Revolution, Robert Bakewell pioneered selective breeding for desired traits.Animal husbandry is important in rural regions since it provides an economic source for a large number of farmers.

Farmers benefit.

Animal husbandry is a multibillion-dollar industry on a global scale. Numerous professions are available in this region, including those related to beef, eggs, milk, and wool production. Animal husbandry is important to India’s economic development. Tillage’s animal husbandry division is a subset of tillage. Animal husbandry professionals may own their farms. Additionally, you may find work in more specialized areas. Following graduation, students may seek a job as a commercial or control officer’s advisor, or as the relations manager or entrepreneur for a dairy cow farmer. If you work in animal husbandry, you will beaccountable for the following:

Regular inspections of the animal’s surroundings

Maintain their health by ensuring they have access to necessary medicines.

Eligibility Norm for Animal Husbandry in India

To pursue a career in this area, you must first enroll in a suitable educational course.

Numerous Animal Husbandry courses are available, including diplomas, bachelor’s degrees, and postgraduate degrees. Courses in this area are available in India as well as overseas. Bachelor’s degree courses in this area are four years in length, whereas diploma courses are one year in length.

Courses in the following areas may assist you in preparing for a job in this field:

Diploma Courses:

Diploma in Animal Husbandry at the National Level Animal Welfare Bachelor’s Degree Division of Medicine

Postgraduate Vet and Animal Husbandry Courses: Bachelor of Science in Animal Husbandry & Dairy Science

Programs leading to the M.Sc. in Animal Husbandry and the Ph.D. in Dairy Science:

Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Husbandry/Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Husbandry and Drying

Students for the graduate course must have completed a 10+2 curriculum in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English. Students must have a bachelor’s degree in a relevant area to enroll in master’s courses.

How is the admissions process for the Diploma in Animal Husbandry conducted?

Admission to this course is conditional on a student’s achievement on the qualifying examinations, namely the Class 10 examinations. When admission to a course is based on merit, the student’s performance on qualifying exams to take into account. Admissions is a multi-phase procedure.

Registration: Each year, universities announce their registration dates in advance. Create a profile and login to begin the application process. Complete the application form by describing your previous academic accomplishments, work experience, internships, and completed projects.

Criteria for Eligibility

Students interested in pursuing a Diploma in Animal Husbandry must meet the requirements listed below.

So, Students must have completed the 12th-grade test by a recognized board to consider admission to the diploma in animal husbandry course. Further, Students must have taken Biology or Tillage, Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as required courses and have earned a cumulative grade point average of at least 50%. Additionally, students who qualify for the limited group get a 5% tuition reduction.

Entrance Examinations

Which exams are the most competitive for admission to the Diploma in Animal Husbandry?

Only a few institutions require students to the Diploma in Animal Husbandry course to take an entrance exam. The test is two to three hours long and requires pupils to answer objective-style questions. Each year, colleges provide information about their examinations.

How to Prepare for the Entrance Exams for the Diploma in Animal Husbandry?

Through the official website, students may access and administer the online mock test. It will boost your efficiency, reactivity, and confidence.

How can I get admission to a reputable institution that offers a Diploma in Animal Husbandry course?

Admission to a college with a top-ranked Diploma in Animal Husbandry course is contingent upon some criteria. Numerous ideas that follow may assist you in that endeavor.

When admission is entirely based on performance, it is critical to perform well and get a qualifying score to gain admission to a prestigious institution.

One must have a firm grasp of the most recent exam pattern. Additionally, one must comprehend and prepare for the weighting given to each part of the test.

To provide sufficient time for study and review, students should begin preparing for the entrance test one year in advance. Keep the institution to which you are applying in mind.

Animal Husbandry Entrance Exams

The Diploma in Animal Husbandry is a two- or three-year curriculum. It is a full-time curriculum that emphasizes animal care and reproduction while also providing hands-on learning opportunities.

Certain colleges administer their own admissions examinations. Students must have completed all required high school, scientific classes, including Biology or Tillage, Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

The diploma in animal husbandry curriculum includes courses in animal nutrition, genetics, and breeding, as well as flock production and control. Breeding animals requires an understanding of animal behavior and population genetics.

University and college tuition costs range from INR 1,500 to 35,000 per year. Freshers get an initial salary of between INR 1,00,000 and 6,00,000 as their starting salary.

Students who get a certificate in animal husbandry may pursue jobs as dairy farm managers, veterinarians, farm supervisors/clerks, or supervisors at vet clinics, private or public. Additionally, students may seek job opportunities with racetracks, stud farms, dairy farms, or poultry farms.

AICEE 2021

Regarding the ministry of animal husbandry, The Vet Council of India (VCI) administers the All India Common Entrance Exam, or AICEE, for admission to various undergraduate courses in Vet Science and Animal Husbandry. The VCI is the apex body for all vet institutions in India. The Department of Animal Husbandry has directed VCI to utilize the NEET-UG qualifying merit list for admission to the above-mentioned courses to fill 15% AQI (All India Quota) seats in famous Vet Colleges throughout the country, except for Jammu and Kashmir. Other admission requirements for degree courses must adhere to the VCI’s Minimum Standards of Vet Education.

Regarding animal husbandry exam date, vet, and animal husbandry, The Most Recent VCI AICEE 2021 Update – In May, the Council will hold AICEE 2021. In March 2021, the application form will be accessible. The deadline to apply is April 2021 at an authorized center or online at the official website.

AICEE Exam Syllabus & Pattern 2021

The exam, which lasts three and a half hours, has 200 multiple-choice questions for 200 points.In 2021, the AICEE Exam will need the following qualifications:

– Nationality

The student must be an Indian citizen.

On the other hand, students who reside in J&K but are not permanent residents of the state are eligible to apply for admission to the specified course with an AQI of less than 15%.

AICEE 2021 is open to Indian citizens residing abroad (OCI) and those of Indian heritage (PIO). They may participate in the 15% AQI counseling course. They will be classified as generic.

Academic Advancement –

Students must complete a qualifying examination equivalent to the 12th grade, which covers the necessary disciplines of English, physics, biology/biotechnology, and chemistry.

They must have attained a minimum of 50% in each course. For students from restricted types (SC/ST), the minimum qualifying score is 45 percent.

Students who have studied abroad must present an AIU (Association of Indian Universities) certificate upon admission to their chosen Institute or College.

Disabilities Physical –

If a student has one of the following impairments, entrance to any of the aforementioned courses, even those with a 15% reserve quota, will be denied. The following are the disabling conditions:

Impairment of the upper limbs

Impairment of the lower limbs (more than 50 percent )

Disabilities affecting the whole body (more than 50 percent )

Myopathies, for example, are progressive disabilities.

Hearing and vision impairments

Reservation of AQI Seats at Vet Colleges – 5% of seats earmarked for students with impairments

ST students get 7.5% of available slots.

27 percent for students with an OBC who lack a creamier layer

How to Apply for the 2021 AICEE Exam

Application forms and information bulletins are available from the Vet Council of India in New Delhi upon payment of the application fee.

Payment of the application fee isin the form of a bank demand draught payable to the Vet Council of India and to pay to the following address:

India’s Vet Council

16/15 West End Avenue, Arya Samaj Road

Karol Bagh is located just across from Sat Bhawan School.

India 110005, New Delhi

Along with the demand draught, each application should include two straightforward documents providing the student’s complete address and Pin code. Additionally, an envelope measuring 24 cm x 18 cm must be there.

Students may also get an application form from the Council’s office. Residents of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Jammu and Kashmir should follow the following procedures. Residents Residents of Andaman and Nicobar may get an application form from the Andaman and Nicobar Vet Council’s Registrar, Directorate of Animal Husbandry, Vet Science, Port Blair 744102.

Additional Information

Admit card for AICEE 2021

In May, the Vet Council of India will release the AICEE 2021 admission card. The admission card will include information about the examination center, such as the test date, time, and location. Notify the appropriate authorities immediately if a discrepancy exists.

AICEE Result 2021

It is accessible through the Vet Council of India’s official website.

Counseling AICEE 2021

“Only students who have enrolled for online counseling will be eligible for All India Quota seat allocation,” the official website of the VCI says. Students who fulfill the qualifying criteria must enroll in the July 2021 first round of counseling. The first round of counseling will consist of the following:

Seats with a less than 15% AQI

Registration online – filling out or locking

Procedure for seat assignment

In-person attendance at the specified college

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about AICEE 2021:

The AICEE is used to determine a student’s eligibility for admission to the Bachelor of Vet Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc. & A.H.) course. Admissions will commence in May 2021.

Q: Has the AICEE 2021 exam date been announced?

A: AICEE 2021 is scheduled to begin in May.

Q: According to what I’ve heard, entrance to AICEE 2021 will be determined by the NEET-UG 2021 result. What other admission criteria exist?

A: We strongly advise you to review the eligibility section of the test website for information on admission to Bachelor’s degree courses with an AQI of less than 15%.

Q: Who is eligible to sit for the 2021 All India Common Entrance Examination?

A: Students must have a cumulative grade point average of at least 50% in the 12th grade or equivalent from a recognized institution or board of education.

Q: What is the minimum aggregate score required for students from the reserved category to apply for this test?

A: Students who are classified as reserved must have a minimum aggregate score of 40%.

Q: What is the examination’s minimum age requirement?

A:student must be seventeen years old or older.

Q: When will the AICEE 2021 counseling process begin?

A: The course will begin in July 2021.

Top Animal Husbandry Courses in India

Nowadays, the Diploma in Animal Husbandry is gaining popularity due to the abundance of job possibilities available. This demonstrates the course’s enormous popularity among students.

The BSc Tillage degree is the most popular option for those interested in pursuing further education in a related area. It is a three-year course for which students must have completed Class 12 in relevant subjects before enrolling.

PGD: A significant proportion of Diploma holders enroll in the PGDM course.

Additionally, Diploma holders are eligible to study for competitive exams. This industry offers job stability, as well as promised high salaries and promotions consistently.

Top Animal Husbandry Courses for Bachelors in India

The Diploma in Animal Husbandry is a two-year/three-year full-time diploma course that emphasizes on-the-job training in animal care and breeding. The curriculum for the Diploma in Animal Husbandry encompasses a broad variety of animal husbandry and dairying subjects. The animal husbandry diploma course includes courses in animal nutrition, animal physiology, genetics and animal breeding, flock production and control, and population genetics.

1.        Diploma in Animal Husbandry

Regarding Animal Husbandry, Students must have finished the tenth standard or its equivalent from a recognized board to have entrance to this course.

Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and English should have been core subjects on the student’s tenth-grade exams. Students must achieve a minimum of 50% on their qualifying examinations to be eligible for admission.

The student must be at least 15 years old before enrolling in the course. The human era has been dependent on the domestication and selling of animals from time immemorial, providing a major source of income for the globe. The Faculty of Tillage offers a three-year certificate in animal husbandry to teach students on the care, development, and reproduction of animals. Tillage continues to have a vital social and ecumenical role in ensuring society’s welfare and progress while also providing individuals with a means of subsistence. Students study key course components such as animal nutrition, animal physiology, genetics and animal breeding, flock production and control, and population genetics in this part.

The Professors of Tillage arehighly competent tillage professors and academic resources who are critical in assisting students in establishing a strong agricultural foundation. Additionally, students get a working knowledge of the many techniques and procedures used to breed flock, care for domestic animals, and produce meat, fiber, milk, eggs, and other goods. Following graduation, this component introduces students to many aspects of the industry.

Procedures for Admission to the Diploma in Animal Husbandry

The prerequisites for admission to the Diploma in Animal Husbandry differ per college. The majority of universities accept students based on their performance on the tenth-grade standardized exam. Other colleges and universities, on the other hand, conduct their admission examinations. Admission to a college offering a well-regarded Diploma in Animal Husbandry course is subject to a variety of requirements. Numerous the following suggestions may help you in that endeavor.

Students should begin studying for the entrance exam one year in advance to provide adequate time for study and review. Bear in mind the institution to which you are applying.

College Name                                           Affiliated College                                        Cut Off

National Dairy Research Institute           ICAR6.60 out of 10

Sri VenkateswaraVet UniversityUGC                                                      31303

Average Fees for Bachelor of Arts in Defense and Animal Husbandry: INR 16,355

Animal Husbandry Job Roles & Levels in India

Regarding jobs in animal husbandry, Students who complete a diploma in animal husbandry may pursue work in animal clinics, private or public vet hospitals, as a dairy farm manager, veterinarian, farm supervisor/clerk, or supervisor. Additionally, students may pursue job opportunities with racing clubs, stud farms, dairy farms, or poultry farms.

The following are some of the most popular job options accessible to such people, along with the accompanying pay scales:

The dairy production manager is in charge of monitoring milk packaging to guarantee the cleanliness and health of dairy animals and other dairy products. Salary is about INR 2,40,000 – 4,00,000.

Supervisor of animal husbandry: Directly oversees all animal activities, trains and monitors workers, regulates farm operations, and identifies indications of damage and illness, among other responsibilities.

A senior clerk in animal husbandry: Assessed jobs and represented the department’s activities. Additionally, he is in charge of the stock’s transportation and storage.

Veterinarian: Veterinarians work at clinics and hospitals. These professionals use surgical tools, ultrasonography, x-ray machines, and other medical equipment to diagnose and cure pet animal illnesses. Junior Vet Officer gets a salary of 1,20,000 – 6,00,000 INR The junior vet officer is responsible for production, milking, and junk stock control.

Frequently Asked Questions About Animal Husbandry in India

What is the importance of animal husbandry?

Are you familiar with vet medicine?

As is widely known, humans are completely reliant on animals and plants for survival and sustenance. Animals were domesticated by humans for their meat, eggs, and milk. There are many more, such as leather, fiber, and wool. The term “animal husbandry” refers to the caring, breeding, and rearing of animals daily. Animal husbandry is the practice of keeping animals to profit from their behavior and genetic characteristics. This is the most precise definition of cattle available at the moment.

Animal Husbandry’s History – What is Animal Husbandry?

Tillage is a subset of animal husbandry that encompasses all aspects of the profession. Flock husbandry has a long and distinguished history dating back to the Neolithic revolution and the birth of the first domesticated animals. Around 13000 BC, sheep, pigs, Egypt, and farm-raised cattle were all prevalent.

The term “husband” refers to prudent control and originates in ancient times. The word “husbands” refers to the control and ownership of the home in the fourteenth century.Animal husbandry evolves in lockstep with technical advances in the contemporary age.

What is the qualification for animal husbandry?

Admission to this course is conditional on a student’s achievement on the qualifying examinations, namely the Class 10 examinations. Admissions is a multi-phase procedure.

Registration: Each year, universities announce their registration dates in advance.

Create a profile and login to begin the application process. Complete the application form by describing your previous academic accomplishments, work experience, internships, and completed projects.

Colleges often process applications in a few weeks.

What Are the Admission Requirements for a Diploma in Animal Husbandry?

Students must have completed the 12th-grade test given by a recognized board to consider for admission to the diploma in animal husbandry course.

Also, students must have taken Biology or Tillage, Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as required courses and have earned a cumulative grade point average of at least 50%. Additionally, students who qualify for the limited group get a 5% tuition reduction.

Entrance Examinations

Only a few institutions require students to the Diploma in Animal Husbandry course to take an entrance exam. The test is two to three hours long and requires pupils to answer objective-style questions. Each year, colleges provide information about their examinations. Students should bear the following things in mind as they prepare for the admission examinations for the Diploma in Animal Husbandry:

Through the official website, students may access and administer the online mock test. It will boost your efficiency, reactivity, and confidence.

How can I get admission to a reputable institution that offers a Diploma in Animal Husbandry course?

Admission to a college with a top-ranked Diploma in Animal Husbandry course is contingent upon some criteria. Numerous ideas that follow may assist you in that endeavor.

What is another word for animal husbandry?

Humane farming is the control and treatment of farm animals to propagate genetic characteristics and behaviors deemed useful to humans.

Is animal husbandry a good career?

Animal husbandryis a subfield of tillage that encompasses animal breeding and rearing. Also, Animal husbandry is important in rural areas since it is a source of income for a significant number of farmers. And, Animal husbandry has a major global impact. Further, Numerous job opportunities exist in this sector, including dairy, meat, egg, and wool production.

Animal husbandry professionals with a degree or certificate may operate their farms or work in more specialized fields. Additionally, you might work as a consultant to a commercial or control officer, or as the relationship manager for a farm. Additionally, India has a large number of agricultural colleges for individuals interested in a career in tillage.

How can I apply to schools that specialize in Animal Husbandry?

Students may apply for undergraduate studies after completing their class 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

Additionally, you may apply for admission to a postgraduate or certificate course after completing your undergraduate degree.

You may apply for Ph.D. courses in the field after finishing postgraduate study in the subject. Animal husbandry is concerned with the production of the flock, the control of domestic animals, and the production of meat, fiber, milk, eggs, and other products. This job requires an exceptional degree of animal sensitivity. From food to general well-being, each animal’s life requires the utmost care and maintenance.

Furthermore, these animals must always be handled with great care. As a consequence, this field’s popularity continues to increase.

India is one of the world’s most agricultural eras. As a consequence, it needs substantial assistance in the form of educated professionals who can fully contribute their knowledge and experience to the area’s development.

Indeed, India is the third-largest egg producer in the world. The United States is the world’s largest producer of milk, cheese, and other dairy products. The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy is in charge of the industry’s overall activities in the country. Its goal is to improve both the qualitative and quantitative aspects of animal husbandry.

There are many career opportunities available, including farm managers, researchers, breeders, and animal husbandry technicians. The next page delves into every facet of animal husbandry, from government organizations that provide job opportunities to alternate career pathways in animal husbandry.

Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science

This department is responsible for animal production, preservation, disease control, stock improvement, and dairy development in addition to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board.

This department is responsible for the following tasks, according to its official website:-

  1. State/territorial infrastructure development to improve productivity
  2. Preserving and safeguarding flock via vet care provision
  3. Stabilization of the Central animal farms (Cattle, Sheep, and Poultry) to enable the production and transfer of improved germplasm to States.

The Importance of Animal Husbandry

Dairy Product Maintenance – Dairy products are there exponentially. As a consequence, training in animal husbandry is essential to address both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of dairy production.

Adulteration Control – Another consequence of the enormous production of the animal husbandry industry is adulteration. Students learn how to collect resources in the most environmentally friendly manner possible through animal husbandry.

It does, however, need sufficient knowledge and crucial insights into optimal practices for chicken raising. As a consequence, it requires an intimate knowledge of the subject matter in this field.

What is an animal husbandry degree?

The Bachelor of Science in Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science abbreviated as B.Sc. Animal Husbandry and Dairy, is an undergraduate degree in agricultural science and technology. Animal husbandry is a kind of farming that includes the breeding and raising of a flock.

Eligibility for the Bachelor of Science in Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science

Students must have completed the 10+2 examination with a grade point average of at least 50% in Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, and English, or in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, or Tillage.

Syllabus for the Bachelor of Science in Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science The following is the necessary curriculum for a large number of colleges and institutes that offer a Bachelor of Science in Animal Husbandry and Dairy.

Colleges that offer bachelor’s degrees in Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science

Suitability of Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya’s B.Sc. Animal Husbandry and Dairy Course Jorhat’s Assam Agricultural University – AAU Cooch Behar Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Cooch Behar Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya

Students should have a scientific disposition, a willingness to work hard, a commitment to excellence, an inquisitive mind, and a high level of personal cleanliness.

They must be willing to live in rural areas, far from metropolitan conveniences and facilities.

This course is advantageous for those seeking a higher degree and possessing a strong academic record.

They should be competent in caring for animals, recognize their challenges as a result of their inability to speak, and be willing to take certain risks (as some animals become risky and hit the caretakers).

What are the Benefits of a Bachelor’s Degree in Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science?

Students may find work in both the commercial and public sectors, such as dairy farms, cooperatives, dairy product production and processing, and quality control agencies.

Additionally, biology graduates may find work in the dairy sector doing breeding, production, pasteurization, and processing tasks.

Control experts may work in a variety of industries, including marketing and distribution.

Additionally, individuals considering a career in dairy technology should be comfortable living outside of cities in rural areas without basic infrastructure and working in cow pastures.

Possibilities for Job  with a B.Sc. in Animal Husbandry and Dairy

Animal Research Centers in the Tillage Sector Manufacturers of dairy products Institutes of higher learning

Vet Hospitals Milk-Producing Plants Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science Bachelor’s Degree Job Types

Junior Logistics Officer Market Development Manager Quality Control Head Vet Officer Assistant Sales Manager Institutional Sales/Business Development

How long is a vet course?

Vet school requires about eight years of postsecondary education to get a Doctor of Vet Medicine (DVM), which includes four years of the appropriate college or university coursework and four years of vet school.

What educational requirements are necessary to become a veterinarian?

To become a veterinarian, follow these steps:

1.      Graduate from high school

Concentrate on math and science in high school. Enroll in honors or AP classes in these areas if feasible to expand your horizons. Certain high schools allow pupils to enroll in college-level courses. If this option is accessible, consider it.

2.      Earn a bachelor’s degree in an area of science.

Earn a bachelor’s degree in chemistry, biology, animal biology, zoology, or another area relevant to hard sciences. While some individuals interested in vet professions specialize in other fields, they need more time to finish the necessary courses for vet school. The majority of undergraduate degrees last four years.

3.      Become a student at a vet school.

Earn a doctorate in vet medicine, abbreviated DVM, from an approved institution. Vet school is about four years long.

4.      Apply for licensure

Before practicing vet medicine, you must pass a certification test.

5.      Complete an internship successfully

After obtaining their license, many veterinarians opt to do an internship with an experienced veterinarian. This enables young veterinarians to get experience working under the supervision of a more experienced veterinarian before establishing their practice or working independently in an established practice. The majority of internships endure one year.

6.      Develop a specialty

As is the case with physicians in conventional medicine, veterinarians may specialize in areas like anesthesia and surgery. The majority of veterinarians seek specialization after a year or two of practice. A specialization course may last between two and three years, depending on the specialty.

7.      Acquire certification from a governing body.

Finally, some veterinarians apply for certification via the American Board of Vet Examiners.

Specialties in vet medicine

Veterinarians may specialize in a wide variety of fields. Several of the most popular specialties include the following:


Laboratory-based pharmaceutical research


Pharmacology in clinical practice


Medicine of the inside



Prospects for job

The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that the area of vet medicine will grow significantly during the next decade. The need for veterinarians continues to increase as veterinarians become more specialized in treating certain diseases like cancer.

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List of Universities offering Animal Husbandry
List of Universities