Ph.D.: Eligibility, Fees, Career, Salary & More (2021)

Ph.D. meaning stands for Doctor of Philosophy. Also, it is one of the most prominent courses available in India. Moreover, Ph.D. is a doctoral degree for students interested in pursuing professional education in academics. Hence, it is one of the highest-level academic degrees. Moreover, a Ph.D. degree can be done through any subject that is available in academics.

Table of Contents

The students completing Ph.D. degree has a specialty in areas such Chemistry, Physics, Maths, Zoology, Biotechnology, Botany, English, Hindi, Economics, History, Management Studies, Business Studies, Marketing, Finance, Commerce, Statistics, Accountancy, Agriculture, Agronomy, Horticulture, Law, Legal Studies, Education, Physical Education, Mass Communication, Journalism, Architecture, Planning, Urban Planning, Dental Science, Nursing, Computer Application, Hospitality, and many other subjects. Therefore, it is one of the highest academic degrees that one can achieve.

Moreover, the candidate pursuing this course can choose an area for specialization and have expertise in the subject. Hence, the student has excellent opportunity to enhance their skills and research in the respective field. Also, there are multiple private and government colleges/ universities offering the Ph.D. Additionally, on successful completion of the course, the students can easily get their dream job.

There are numerous private, government, non-government, and MNC offering jobs for multiple vacancies related to Ph.D. Thus, the Ph.D. helps students to develop self-confidence in themselves with their skills. Also, it teaches students patience and trusts their talent and creative minds. Moreover, it enhances different basic skills in students such as academic ability, accountability, persistence, good communication skill, time management, open mind, curiosity to learn something new, passion, ability to think, hard work, motivation, and many other important aspects.

All about Ph.D. Degree.

Ph.D. Duration 3 – 6 Years
Ph.D. Admission Criteria Merit/ Entrance Based depending on the different colleges.
Ph.D. Eligibility Postgraduate or M.Phil
Ph.D. Course Level Doctorate Level
Ph.D. Fees INR 50,000 – INR 3,00,000
Ph.D. Full Form Doctor of Philosophy
Ph.D. Average Placement Package INR 3,00,000 – INR 6,00,0000 p.a.

Ph.D.: Eligibility Criteria

Since the scope for studying Ph.D. is one of the highest academic degrees available in India, therefore, there is very strong competition among students for admission to a recognized college/ university.  Hence, it is necessary to have the minimum eligibility criteria for admission. Thus, every college or university has its eligibility criteria for Ph.D. course admission. Therefore, every candidate needs to fulfill the eligibility criteria to apply for the admission form. Thus, we are providing a list of general eligibility criteria for the Ph.D. course in India.

  • Primarily, the aspirants need to be citizens of India.
  • However, admission in the Ph.D. course takes place through various national exams like CSIR UGC NET, UGC NET, GATE, IIT JAM, and some other.
  • Additionally, some college/ university has its own eligibility criteria for Ph.D. admission.
  • Hence, they take admission through their own entrance exam and interview process.
  • Thus, these criteria are decided by the intuition administration altogether.
  • It is also specially mentioned in the official notification.
  • Therefore, it is very important to read the notification.
  • The most basic eligibility criterion for the aspirant of Ph.D. is to pass post-graduation from a recognized university.
  • This is the minimum and the most important requirement.
  • Secondly, the students completing an M.Phil degree are also eligible for the Ph.D. entrance exam.
  • Although, there is no minimum percentage set by the colleges and universities administration.
  • Additionally, the specialization subject needs to be the main subject in graduation and post-graduation as well.

Some extra information for Ph.D. Eligibility.

  • The students from the reserved category, economic weaker section, and especially able person receive special quota.
  • Moreover, the students who have completed the course such as NSS, NCC, or any other national-level course receive an extra 5-10 marks advantage.
  • Furthermore, the aspirants who are national/ state level players or have achievements in different fields at the national/ state level have 5-10 seats of reservation.
  • Additionally, the candidates who perform exceptionally well in the entrance exam and get their name on the merit list also receive certain benefits.
  • These benefits include such as their course fee is paid off, also they get advantage to firstly choosing the field for specialization, and they receive the scholarship and many other such advantages.
  • Moreover, the merit list for the admission process is also prepared by considering the marks of class 12th, graduation, post-graduation/ M.Phil, interview marks, and also the other course (if any).
  • Also, the competition for admission is very high. Thus, it becomes important to fulfill each eligibility criterion.
  • For instance, any aspirant who fails to fulfill any of the criteria gets barred from appearing in the entrance exam or getting his/ her name on the merit list.
  • Moreover, if the students fail to verify the documents during the counseling process also losses their chances for admission to Ph.D.

Documents necessary for Ph.D. course counseling process.

After the entrance exam or the merit list and the interview process get declared, the students who qualify are now called for the counseling process. During the counseling process, the verification of some necessary documents takes place. Every student must provide these original documents during counseling. In case of a student fails to provide the documents or appear in the counseling process then his/ her candidature gets canceled with immediate effect. The aspirant will not be allowed to take part in the further admission process.

The students also get the opportunity to choose their field of specialization during the counseling process. Also, the students coming under the merit list are given priority for the admission and specialization selection. Therefore, we are providing a list document that is necessary to provide during the counseling process.

  1. Mark-sheet of class 10th from a recognized board.
  2. Class 12th mark sheet from a recognized board.
  3. Mark sheet and passing certificate of graduation.
  4. Passing certificate and Mark sheet of post-graduation.
  5. Domicile certificate.
  6. Caste certificate (if applicable).
  7. Certificate of Income.
  8. Aadhar Card.
  9. Certificate of any other special course (NSS/ NCC).
  10. Sportsperson (national/ state, if applicable).

Ph.D.: Fees Structure

College/ University Type Average Fees
Central Universities INR 2,000 – INR 5,000
Private Universities INR 30,000 – INR 3,00,000
Deemed/ Deemed to be Universities INR 2,000 – INR 10,000
State Universities INR 2,000 – INR 5,000
Private Colleges INR 30,000 – INR 3,00,000
Government Colleges INR 2,000 – INR 5,000
Institute of National Importance INR 3,000 – INR 7,000

Ph.D.: Admission Process

Basically, the candidate needs to have the minimum eligibility criteria to apply for the Ph.D. course. Also, the admission form is available both in online and offline mode. Therefore, the candidates can fill the form according to their ease. Hence, the online admission form is available on the official website of the college or university and the offline form can be obtained for the university/ college campus.

Moreover, the admission process for the Ph.D. takes place through the both entrance exam and merit. Thus, the admission process depends on the university or the college. The details about the mode of examination are available in the official notification of the college/ university. Hence, it becomes very important to read the notification completely and clearly.

Now, we are providing the common admission process through which the students can take the admission.

  • Firstly, the candidates need to read the official notification of the College or the University.
  • Secondly, the aspirant needs to register for the admission process.
  • Therefore, he/ she needs to fill the registration form which is available on the official website of the institution.
  • The admission form is also available on the university/ college campus.
  • The candidate needs to fill the form with correct details along with his/ her favorite field of specialization.
  • Furthermore, the student needs to upload the recent passport size photograph and all the necessary documents.
  • Hence, to complete the registration process, he/ she needs to pay the registration fee.
  • Moreover, the average application fee for the Ph.D. course is INR 1000 – INR 3000.
  • Although, the fee can be paid through an online transaction and also by cash accordingly.
  • Thereafter, the candidates need to appear in the entrance exam held by the institution.
  • Some colleges/universities take admission through the merit list also.
  • The merit for the admission process is formed by taking the marks of class 12th, graduation, post-graduation/ M.Phil, interview marks.
  • Therefore students clearing the minimum cut-off marks set by the administration of the institution get admission.
  • Moreover, the entrance exam for the course takes place online or offline exam depending on the institution.
  • Hence, the students clearing the entrance exam need to appear for the interview and counseling process.

Some information about the counseling process:

  • Also, during the counseling process, the verification of the important document takes place such as mark sheet of class 10th and 12th, graduation, post-graduation, caste certificate (if applicable), special course certificate (if any), domicile certificate, income certificate, aadhar card, or any other document of personal verification.
  • Finally, the candidates clearing the counseling process successfully need to pay the Ph.D. fees.
  • Moreover, the average fee for the PH.D. is INR 50,000 to INR 3,00,000 per annum.
  • Thereafter, the students receive an Admission Offer Letter from the university/ college administration.
  • Hence, if the candidate fails at any stage of the admission process, then his / her candidate for the Ph.D. gets canceled with immediate effect.
  • Finally, with this the admission process of a candidate gets complete.

Ph.D.: Entrance Exams

The admission process for the Ph.D. course takes place through the entrance exam or the merit, interview, and counseling process. Therefore, the entrance exam is taken by the college/ university accordingly. The exam pattern and the syllabus are set by the institute administration itself. Also, they decide the mode of entrance exam i.e. Online or Offline.

Hence, it is compulsory for every student to thoroughly read the official notification of the university/ college. The notification consists of detailed information about the admission process, mode of examination, exam pattern, exam syllabus, minimum cut-off marks, reservations, number of seats available, application fee, courses and specializations available, and other details about the college or university.

Moreover, every college/ university takes its entrance exam for admission. Generally, the admission process consists of 5 stages, registration process, entrance exam/ merit list, interview process, and counseling process, and payment of course fee. Hence, the students need to follow every process. Also, he/she should not fail at any stage during the admission process. Therefore, we are providing a list of some of the common entrance exams through which the students and take admission in some popular colleges/universities in the Ph.D. course.

UGC NET Exam

The UGC NET stands for University Grant Commission National Eligibility Test. The students clearing this entrance exam can take admission in Ph.D. courses directly in the national colleges or universities of India, depending on their marks and the merit list of the respective institute. UGC NET is a joint exam that is conducted for several Ph.D. courses together, hence the students clearing the exam get direct admission to the government colleges/ universities. This is an offline mode exam. The exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There is 200 question with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer.

The UGC NET is conducted every year and it is the largest state entrance exam for the various Ph.D. subjects. The students clearing the exam get multiple options for selecting their favorite course and area of specialization. Also, there are numerous colleges and universities associated with this exam. These institutions take admission based on marks obtained by the students in UGC NET. Each associated college/ university releases its cut-off marks. Thus, the students clearing the cut-off can easily apply for the institution.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: All colleges and universities administered or funded by central or state Government.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 1500

Registration Date: Updating soon.

Exam Date: Updating soon.

CSIR UGC NET Exam.

The CSIR UGC NET stands for Council of Scientific and Industrial Research UGC NET. Since IT  is one of the top-ranked entrance exams, therefore, the information about the admission process becomes important. The National Testing Agency conducts the entrance exam. CSIR UGC NET is a joint exam. Therefore, it is conducted for several courses together. Hence, the students clearing the exam get direct admission to the university Ph.D. courses. Also, this is an offline mode exam.

Moreover, the syllabus and the exam pattern are already mentioned in the official notification. CSIR UGC NET is a joint entrance exam for all Ph.D. courses. Therefore, the candidate gets multiple options to choose his/her field for specialization. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 200 questions with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: All colleges and universities administered or funded by central or state Government.

Level of Difficulty: Highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 1500

Registration Date: Not available yet.

Exam Date: August 2021.

DBT Biotechnology Eligibility Test (BET)

BET is commonly known as Biotechnology Eligibility Test. The exam is popular for its detailed syllabus and excellent teaching faculty. Therefore, the students highly opt for this entrance exam. Thus, it becomes important to know about the admission process. Moreover, it is one of the reputed entrance exams of India. Thus,

Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology conducts the exam It conducts a joint entrance exam for Junior Research Fellowship in Biotechnology.

The students can fill the admission form for the entrance exam through both online and offline modes. The university conducts an offline entrance exam. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 100 questions with a time limit of 90 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer. The result of the candidate is available on the official website. The students can also check the result from the university campus.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: All colleges and universities administered or funded by central or state Government.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 1800

Registration Date: Not available yet.

Exam Date: Not available yet.

TIFR GS

TIFR stands for Tata Institute of Fundamental Research which is conducted by the TIFR. It is a common entrance test for the students looking for undergraduate, postgraduate doctorate level courses available in the TIFR associated university. The students can easily find the application form on the official website of the university. Also, it can be obtained from the university campus. The university conducts its entrance exam in offline mode.

Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 150 questions with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer. The result of the candidate is available on the official website. The students can also check the result from the university campus. The university is known for its excellent modern facilities and also for the experienced teaching staff.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: TIFR Associated University, TCIS Hyderabad.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 2000

Registration Date: Up to 15th April 2021.

Exam Date: 11th April 2021.

ICMR JRF

ICMR JRF stands for Indian Council of Medical Research Junio Research Fellowship. The ICMR conducts a national-level entrance exam for JRF. Moreover, it conducts a joint entrance exam for all the Ph.D. specializations. The Ph.D. course in ICMR has one of the best teaching faculty available in India. Therefore, it is very popular among students.

The students can fill the admission form for the university through both online and offline modes. The university conducts an offline entrance exam. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 200 questions with a time limit of 180 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer. The result of the candidate is available on the official website. The students can also check the result from the university campus.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: Colleges affiliated with ICMR.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 2500

Registration Date: Updating soon

Exam Date: Updating soon.

BARC Ph.D. Admission Test

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre is one of the best research institutes available in India. It is a central government institution. Therefore, it is very famous among students. The Ph.D. course admission in the BARC takes place through the common entrance examination. The details about the admission process, syllabus, admission fee, exam pattern are available in the official notification.

The syllabus and the exam pattern are already mentioned in the official notification of the university. BARC Ph.D. Admission is a joint entrance exam for all Ph.D. courses. Therefore, the candidate gets multiple options to choose his/her field for specialization. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There is 200 question with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: BARC.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 1800

Registration Date: Not available yet.

Exam Date: Not available yet.

AIIMS Ph.D. Entrance Exam

AIIMS Ph.D. stands for All India Institute of Medical Sciences Ph.D. Exam which is conducted by AIIMS. Also, it is a public institution offering a PH.D. course. Thus, AIIMS Ph.D. is a common entrance test for students looking for admission to Ph.D. courses. Furthermore, the students can easily find the application form on the official website of the university. Also, it can be obtained from the university campus. Additionally, the university conducts its entrance exam in offline mode.

Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 150 questions with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer. The result of the candidate is available on the official website. The students can also check the result from the university campus. The university is known for its excellent modern facilities and also for the experienced teaching staff.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: AIIMS.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 3000

Registration Date: Up to 20th June 2021.

Exam Date: 17th July 2021.

BITS Ph.D. Entrance Exam

BITS Ph.D. stands for Kerala Birla Institute of Technology Sciences, Pilani Ph.D. entrance exam. It is a private college. Moreover, it conducts a joint entrance exam for all the Ph.D. courses. The Ph.D. course in the university has one of the best teaching faculty available in India. Therefore, it is very popular among students.

The students can fill the admission form for the university through both online and offline modes. The university conducts an offline entrance exam. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 150 questions with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is no negative marking for any wrong answer. The result of the candidate is available on the official website. The students can also check the result from the university campus.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: BITS Pilani, Goa, and Hyderabad campus.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 2500

Registration Date: Up to 26th June 2021.

Exam Date: 16th August 2021.

JNU Ph.D. Entrance Exam

JNU Ph.D. is commonly known as Jawaharlal Nehru University Ph.D. Entrance Exam. The JNU is one of the best central universities popular for its detailed syllabus and excellent teaching faculty. Therefore, the students high opt for this university. Thus, it becomes important to know about the admission process of the university. Moreover, it is one of the oldest universities in India. It conducts a joint entrance exam for all undergraduate courses which is popularly known as JNU Ph.D. Entrance Exam.

The students can fill the admission form for the university through both online and offline modes. Although, the university conducts an offline entrance exam. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 100 questions with a time limit of 90 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer. Also, the result of the candidate is available on the official website. Thus, the students can also check the result from the university campus.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 1200

Registration Date: Not available yet.

Exam Date: Not available yet.

NBRC Ph.D. Entrance Test

National Brain Research Centre, Gurgaon is one of the best educational institutes available in India. It is a central government institution. Therefore, it is very famous among students. The Ph.D. course admission in the university takes place through the common entrance examination. The details about the admission process, syllabus, admission fee, exam pattern are available in the official notification.

The syllabus and the exam pattern are already mentioned in the official notification of the university. NBRC Ph.D. is a joint entrance exam for all doctorate-level courses. Therefore, the candidate gets multiple options to choose his/her field for specialization. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. Also, there is 200 question with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: National Brain Research Centre, Gurgaon.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 2200

Registration Date: Not available yet.

Exam Date: Not available yet.

ISM Dhanbad Ph.D. Admission

ISM is commonly known as the Indian School of Mines. The university is one of the best state universities popular for its detailed syllabus and excellent teaching faculty. Therefore, the students highly opt for this university. Thus, it becomes important to know about the admission process of the university. Moreover, it is one of the oldest universities in India. It conducts a joint entrance exam for all doctorate-level courses.

The students can fill the admission form for the university through both online and offline modes. The university conducts an offline entrance exam. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 150 questions with a time limit of 90 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is no negative marking for any wrong answer. Moreover, the result of the candidate is available on the official website. The students can also check the result from the university campus.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 1800 for the general and OBC category and INR 1400 for the reserved category.

Registration Date: Up to May 2021.

Exam Date: Not available yet.

NDRI.

The NDRI stands for National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal. Since NDRI is a top-ranked university, therefore, the information about the admission process becomes important. The university conducts its entrance exam. NDRI University Ph.D. is a joint exam that is conducted for several courses together, hence the students clearing the exam get direct admission to the university undergraduate courses. This is an offline mode exam.

The syllabus and the exam pattern are already mentioned in the official notification of the university. Moreover, NDRI University Ph.D. is a joint entrance exam for all undergraduate courses. Therefore, the candidate gets multiple options to choose his/her field for specialization. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There is 200 question with a time limit of 120 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer.

Exam Syllabus: Syllabus of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Thiruvananthapuram.

Level of Difficulty: Highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 3000

Registration Date: Up to July 2021.

Exam Date: August 2021.

BINC

BINC is commonly known as Bioinformatics Industrial Training Program. Moreover, the university is one of the best central public universities popular for its detailed syllabus and distance education facility. Therefore, the students high opt for this university. Thus, it becomes important to know about the admission process of the university. Moreover, it comes under the Department of Biotechnology. Also, it conducts a joint entrance exam for all Ph.D. courses which is popularly known as Common Entrance Test.

Firstly, the students can fill the admission form for the university through both online and offline modes. Secondly, the university conducts an online entrance exam. Moreover, the exam pattern consists of multiple-choice questions. There are 100 questions with a time limit of 90 minutes. Each question is of one mark. Additionally, there is also a negative marking for each wrong answer. Moreover, the result of the candidate is available on the official website. Hence, the students can also check the result from the university campus.

Exam Syllabus: English of graduation and post-graduation.

Validity: Bioinformatics Industrial Training Program.

Level of Difficulty: Medium to highly advance.

Exam Fee: INR 2000

Registration Date: Up to May 2021.

Exam Date: Not available yet.

List of top Ph.D. specializations

The Ph.D. is one of the most desired courses. The scope for Ph.D. is rapidly growing among students. Moreover, there are multiple specializations available for the aspirants. Additionally, it focuses on research knowledge rather than just theoretical, therefore choosing the right field of specialization becomes important. Hence, this makes the course more interesting and exciting. Thus, there is a lot more to explore and learn than is expected by the aspirants. Therefore, we are providing a list of few popular Ph.D. specializations available in India.

1. Ph.D. in Humanities.

The Ph.D. in Humanities mainly focuses on subjects related to humanities. Additionally, under this course, the students gain knowledge and research about the basic component of human life. Moreover, it helps to understand the social and moral aspects of human behavior.

Specialized Subjects: Economics, Social Work, Humanities, Geography, Social Science, Arts, Literature, Psychology, Physiology, Public Policy, and many other similar subjects.

Average Fees: INR 2,00,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Assistant Lecturer, Professor, Economist, and Psychiatrist.

Average Salary: INR 3,50,000 per annum.

2. Ph.D. in Science.

The Ph.D. in Science mainly focuses on research in science subjects. Additionally, under this course, the students learn how to use his/ her subject knowledge and practical experience to invent new things or new research. Moreover, apart from knowledge of the subject, the students are also taught about the practical use of the subjects.

Specialized Subjects: Chemistry, Physics, Maths, Zoology, Botany, Applied Science, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Clinical Research, and similarly other subjects.

Average Fees: INR 2,00,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Assistant Lecturer, Professor, Mathematician, Environmentalist, and Scientist.

Average Salary: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

3. Ph.D. in Commerce.

The Ph.D. in Commerce especially focuses on research in commercial and management subjects. Additionally, under this course, the students learn different aspects of commerce and money management/ Business Management. Moreover, apart from basic knowledge, the course also imparts in-depth knowledge about the subject.

Specialized Subjects: Commerce Management, Accounting, and Financial Management.

Average Fees: INR 2,50,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Financial Analyst, Account Manager, Lecturer, and Assistant Professor.

Average Salary: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

4. Ph.D. in Engineering.

The Ph.D. in Engineering mainly focuses on research in different fields of engineering. Additionally, under this course, the students learn the basics and the advanced level of chosen engineering subject. Advance level knowledge is also provided in various aspects. Moreover, apart from basic knowledge of the subject, an in-depth research is also provided.

Specialized Subjects: Civil Engineering, Electronics and Communication, Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Ceramic Engineering, Production Engineering, Aeronautical, and Automobile Engineering, Engineering and Technology, Genetic Engineering, and Marine Biotechnology

Average Fees: INR 1,50,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Engineer, Section Engineer, Civil Engineer, Electrical Engineer, and many more

Average Salary: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

5. Ph.D. in Business and Management.

The Ph.D. in Business and Management mainly focuses on Business management techniques. Additionally, under this course, the students learn about the logistic supply and chain process, business administration, accounting, and financial management. Moreover, apart from basic knowledge, the students are also taught about the marketing types and brand management, commerce, and management.

Specialized Subjects: Business Administration, Accounting & Financial Management, Marketing/ Brand Management, Aviation Management, and Commerce.

Average Fees: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Entrepreneur, Finance Manager, Analyst, Risk Analyst, and Brand Manager.

Average Salary: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

6. Ph.D. in Law

The Ph.D. in Law deals with the study of the Indian legal system. Moreover, the course helps the students learn the basic to modern level laws. Therefore, after completing the course the students can easily build their careers as Judge, Attorney, Magistrate, and Lawyer.

Specialized Subjects: Law, Legal Studies, Constitutional Laws, and Law & Governance.

Average Fees: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Judge, Attorney, Magistrate, and Lawyer.

Average Salary: INR 5,00,000 per annum.

7. Ph.D. in Teaching and Education.

The Ph.D. in Teaching and Education mainly focuses on various teaching methods and the Indian Education system. Additionally, under this course, the students learn the basics and the fundamentals of teaching at various levels. Moreover, advanced level knowledge is also provided in education. Also, apart from basic knowledge, the students make research in various aspects of modern-day education and the current education system.

Specialized Subjects: Education and Teaching.

Average Fees: NR 1,50,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Lecturer, Assistant Lecturer, and Professor.

Average Salary: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

8. Ph.D. in Development Policy and Administration.

The Ph.D. in Development Policy and Administration mainly focuses on the development of administrative qualities and policy development. Additionally, under this course, the students learn how to analyze the administrative structure in our country. Moreover, apart from basic knowledge students also learn about policy development, administrative structure, constitutional laws, judiciary system, and executive role.

Specialized Subjects: Stabilization and Growth in Emerging Markets, International Macroeconomics and Finance, Culture in World Affairs, Governance and Global Civil Society, Economic Dimensions of Global Power, International Security, Fundamentals of Post-Conflict Reconstruction, and Health and Development.

Average Fees: INR 2,00,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Administrator, Judge, Lawyer, Administrative officer.

Average Salary: INR 3,50,000 per annum.

9. Ph.D. in Environmental Policy and Administration.

The Environmental Policy and Administration mainly focuses on environmental education. Additionally, India consists of varieties of flora and fauna. Hence, there is multiple topography. Also, there is huge forest cover and various seasons. Therefore, this course helps the students to learn all the basic and advanced levels of environmental protection and administration.

Specialized Subjects: Climate Change: Science, Perceptions and Policy, Energy, Environment and Resource Policy, The Economics of Environmental Policy, Natural Resources and Environmental Policy, Environmental Law, Natural Resources Law and Policy, Graduate Seminar: Environmental Politics, and Transnational Environmental Politics.

Average Fees: INR 3,00,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Environment Protector, Forest Guard, Forest Officer, Environmentalist, Wildlife Protector.

Average Salary: INR 6,50,000 per annum.

10. Ph.D. in Public Finance, Budgeting, and Financial Administration

The Ph.D. in Public Finance, Budget, and Financial Administration mainly focuses on the development of administrative qualities and policy development. Therefore, there is a lot to learn and explore. Thus, the course deals with basic to high-level knowledge of finances. Additionally, the aspirants also get the chance to learn various types of finances, budgets, and financial statements. Also, after the completion of the course, there is an excellent opportunity to work as an administrator.

Specialized Subjects: Tax Policy & Politics, Financial Management in State and Local Governments, State and Local Government Finance, Financial Management in Non-Profit Organizations, Urban Policy, Public Expenditures, and Taxation.

Average Fees: INR 3,50,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Policy Maker, Administrator, Finance Manager, and Accountant

Average Salary: INR 5,50,000 per annum.

11.  Ph.D. in Social Policy.

The Ph.D. in Social Policy mainly focuses on human resource factors. Moreover, under this course, the students learn the basics and the fundamentals of population health, education, equality of opportunity, and social problems. Additionally, advanced level knowledge is also provided in poverty, demography, and the welfare state. Moreover, apart from basic knowledge of graphics designing, the students are also taught about public policy, education policy, health policy, and urban policy.

Specialized Subjects: Social Welfare Policy, Health Services Management, Education Policy, Urban Policy, Child and Family Policy, Public Policy Analysis, Aging and Society, Social Welfare Policy and the Workplace, and labor Economics.

Average Fees: NR 1,50,000 per annum.

Types of Jobs: Social worker, Policy analyst, Human resource manager, and administrator.

Average Salary: INR 4,00,000 per annum.

Subjects/ Syllabus for Ph.D. in India

Ph.D. in one of the fastest-growing courses in India. Therefore, it is very compulsory to know the details of the course. Moreover, is important to know the area of specialization. Hence, the course imparts practical knowledge rather than regular class lectures. Thus, the course contains multiple fields where the students can research. Additionally, the complete session for the Ph.D. course is for 3 to 6 years of regular courses. Therefore, the student needs to study different subjects and the detailed syllabus. Hence, we are providing a list of all the Ph.D. subjects that need to be studied in each subject.

Ph.D. in Humanities 1.       Contemporary Trends in Philosophical Analysis Logic: Formal and Philosophical

2.      Literary Research

3.      Philosophical point of view

4.      Major Thinkers

5.      A Survey of Modernity

6.      Twentieth-Century Critical Theory

Ph.D. in Science 1.       Computer Architecture

2.      Multiprocessor Architecture

3.      CORBA, JAVA, and Object Web

4.      Advanced Database Management Systems

5.      Telecommunications Systems, Satellite Systems, Broadcast Systems

6.      Advanced Transaction Processing.

7.      Transactions and Concurrency Control, Replication

Ph.D. in Commerce 1.       Research Methodology

2.      Theory of Research

3.      Research Process

4.      Analysis of Data and Statistical application in research

5.      Specialization course / Research area

6.      Accounting & Taxation

7.      Banking and Finance

8.     Marketing Management

9.      Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management.

10.  International Business.

Ph.D. in Business Management 1.       Advanced Accounting Theory

2.      Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development

3.      Managing Human Resources

4.      Independent Conceptual Study Paper in Banking

5.      Independent Conceptual Study Paper in Global Business Management.

6.      Independent Conceptual Study Paper in Marketing.

Ph.D. in Law 1.       International Business

2.      Law and society in Historical perspective

3.      Civil Rights Law

4.    Research Methodology

Skills required for Ph.D. in India.

When it comes to studying the Ph.D. course in India, the student needs to have certain skills. Hence, the aspirant needs to be ready to face the challenges in practical and use his/ her creativity and skill to solve the problem. Moreover, the student needs to face real-life challenges and be patient enough to solve the problem with a positive approach. Thus, the Ph.D. course helps the student to analyze their strength and weakness.

Also, it develops a positive approach attitude in the students and makes them confident. Hence, it enhances and nourishes the creativity of the aspirants. All of the above, the course helps the student to identify his/her real talent and provide the right guidance. As a result, this leads them to perfection. Therefore, we are providing a list of some skills that are necessary for a student who is interested in studying the Ph.D. course.

1. Academic Ability:

The students who need to pursue the Ph.D. course, need to have a good academic result. Thus, this helps the aspirants to show their potential and eagerness to learn something new about the subject. Moreover, this skill develops a very great future and career. Also, it works as a parameter to show the aspirant’s inner strength and fighting spirit.

2. Accountability:

The Accountability skill helps the students to be accountable for the work done by him/them. Moreover, the aspirants learn to take responsibility for the work and complete the work with minimum supervision. Also, it helps them to develop the ability to take ownership of the work allotted to them.

3. Persistence:

The Persistence skill helps to develop a sense of commitment toward the research work. Therefore, the students learn to analyze the current real-life situation and find the sense in the scenario. Hence, this helps to have a better understanding of the course.

4. Time Management:

This skill is one of the most important and necessary skills that every student needs. Hence, the students having time management skills know how to manage their time effectively and wisely. Also, with the help of this skill, aspirants can use their precious time smartly and be more productive in the given time frame.

5. Organizational Efficiency:

Every student eager to pursue the Ph.D. course needs to have organizational efficiency skills. Therefore, this skill helps the students to meet deadlines, being attentive, plan working, and providing updates to supervisors regularly. Moreover, this skill helps the aspirants to develop into team players.

6. Passion:

Since studying any course is not enough for a person, therefore, everyone must have enough passion to learn those subjects. Hence, this quality falls under passion skills. If a person has a great passion for learning, he/she can very easily impress the other person. Moreover, being passionate helps the individual to learn something new every time. Therefore, it forms the face of every skill which represents other talents.

7. Ability to think:

One of the most important skills necessary for having a Ph.D. course and leading a fruitful life is having the ability to think. Thus, a person needs to have a positive and problem-solving approach. However, with this skill, the person can easily find the solution for every challenge. Since the Ph.D. course majorly deals with practical knowledge, therefore, this skill helps the aspirant to confidently face up to the real-life situation easily.

8. Communication Skill:

As it is rightly said that the first impression is the last, therefore, a person needs to be very confident to communicate with another person. Hence, this helps the person to create an ever-lasting impact on the other individual. Thus, the students with better communication skills are way more confident, positive and creative. Furthermore, communication helps the person socialize and helps them develop their careers or achieve the set goals.

9. Hard Work:

The aspirant needs to have self-confidence. Also, he/ she needs to have faith in his/her skills. In other words, the Ph.D. boosts the self-belief of the students by improving their work. Hard work is the core component for taking any new information. Therefore, with the proper guidance of the experienced faculty, the students can achieve great success in career and life.

10. Motivation:

To have a successful career, undoubtedly the students need to be very committed to their job. Hence, the motivation helps the student not to give the opportunity even after several failures. Thus, it develops a never-give-up attitude in aspirants. The students learn to face every situation strongly and even more positively than before. Therefore, it is a very necessary skill that every Ph.D. aspirant needs to have.

Job after Ph.D. in India

Since every course that a student study helps them to get a job. Similarly, Ph.D. provides the student to achieve their dream jobs. Also, the course helps the students get a high-paying job. Moreover, there are several national, international, government, and non-government organizations that provide various Ph.D. degree jobs.

However, the Ph.D. syllabus has multiple specializations therefore, it provides multiple job vacancies on various posting. Also, the students can start their own business with all the learned skills. Moreover, the various skill helps an individual to get all that they dreamt of. Hence, it helps them to get fame, a name, and great financial support. Therefore, we are providing a list of Ph.D. jobs and Ph.D. degree salaries in India.

Job Name Average Pay (Per Annum)
Software Developer INR 400,000
Hardware Engineer INR 3,00,000
Website Developer INR 5,00,000
Network Engineer INR 3,50,000
Chemical Researcher INR 7,00,000
Marketing Manager INR 4,50,000
Junior Scientist INR 7,00,000
Forensic Chemist INR 8,50,000
Medical Technologist INR 10,50,000
Deputy Manager INR 3,00,000
Marketing Executive, INR 3,00,000
New Product Manager INR 4,00,000
Research Scientist, INR 6,00,000
Executive Engineer, INR 3,00,000
Mechanical Design Engineer INR 3,50,000
Professor INR 4,50,000
Banker INR 3,75,000
Economist INR 5,00,000

Top Employers for Ph.D. in India

After the completion of the regular Ph.D. course, the students can easily get a job or start their own business. Additionally, there are multiple job vacancies available for the students. Hence, there are numerous national, MNC, governmental, and non-governmental organizations offering various job postings. Also, these employers provide huge salary packages as well.  Moreover, the students can easily apply for a different employer directly through the company’s website or various job portal websites. Also, these companies offer on-campus placement. Therefore, we are providing the list of some top employers for Ph.D. in India.

  1. IIT Gandhinagar – Research Associate I, and Research Associate II
  2. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing – Junior Director, Principal, Technical Officer, and Senior Technical Officer.
  3. National  Brain Research Centre – Scientist I/ II/III, Assistant Professor, and Professor.
  4. AIIMS, New Delhi – Junior Research Fellow, Senior Research Fellow, and Lab Assistant.
  5. Centre for Medical Innovation & Entrepreneurship – BDO/CEO, Bio-Incubation Manager, AO, and DEO.
  6. CSIR – National Metallurgical Laboratory – Scientist, Senior Scientist, and Principal Scientist.
  7. State Bank Of India – Branch Manager, Probationary Officer, and Executive.
  8. DRDO – Research Associate and Junior Research Fellow.
  9. NIBMG – Project Associate I/II/III and Research Associate I/II/III.
  10. IACS – Research Associate I, and Research Associate II.

Top Ph.D. Colleges in India

The Ph.D. is one of the best courses available in India. Thus, the course has various specializations and huge scope for a great career. Moreover, the Ph.D. is available in many private colleges, government universities, and colleges. Since the students can sometimes find it very difficult to choose the right college for Ph.D.

Therefore, before choosing the right college every student needs to know about the best teaching faculty, detailed syllabus, exam pattern, campus placement, fee structure, and much other such information. In India, various such government and private colleges are offering Ph.D. with all the modern facilities. Therefore, we are now providing a list of some top Ph.D. colleges in India.

College Name NIRF Ranking
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 1
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 2
Jadavpur University 5
Calcutta University 7
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 3
Manipal Academy of Higher Education-Manipal 8
Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani 15
University of Madras 22
Punjab University 26
Savitribai Phule Pune University 9
Jamia Milia Islamia 10
Homi Bhabha National Institute 14
King George’s Medical University, Lucknow 32
Amity University 37

Top universities for Ph.D. in India

There are various central and state universities in India. Also, open universities and various private universities are offering PH.D. Moreover, this course is rapidly gaining popularity among the students. Thus, there is a huge competition for admission in popular universities for PH.D. courses. Students need to appear for the online or the offline exam for various universities.

Moreover, the seats are very limited therefore students have to face great competition. Also, the Ph.D. has multiple specializations. Additionally, the course offers more practical knowledge rather than a regular course. Also, the students are provided by the on-campus placement and also learn about real-life problem-solving skills. Therefore, we are providing the list of. Universities offering Ph.D. in India.

Universities Name QS Ranking
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 1
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi 3
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras 4
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 5
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 6
Delhi University 7
Hyderabad University 8
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 9
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 2
Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati 10
Calcutta University 11
Jadavpur University 12
Anna University 16
Mumbai University 17
Banaras Hindu University 19
Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar 20
Savitribai Phule Pune University 14
Indian Institute of Technology, Indore 13
Jamia Millia Islamia 21
Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar 25

Frequently asked questions about the Ph.D.

How many years is a Ph.D.?

Ph.D. commonly stands for the Doctorate of Philosophy. It is the highest degree in academic given for research program. The total course is of 3 – 6 years. Thus, the course deals with practical knowledge rather than regular class lectures. Also, Ph.D. is rapidly gaining popularity among students.

Also, it helps the students to enhance their research, presentation, communication skills. Thus, the aspirants can easily get admission in the Ph.D. through the entrance exam or the merit list and interview process. Therefore, every university and college releases its official notification for the admission process. Moreover, the student can very easily grab a job after the completion of the course through the on-campus and off-campus placement process.

Hence, the students develop a specialty in areas such Chemistry, Physics, Maths, Zoology, Biotechnology, Botany, English, Hindi, Economics, History, Management Studies, Business Studies, Marketing, Finance, Commerce, Statistics, Accountancy, Agriculture, Agronomy, Horticulture, Law, Legal Studies, Education, Physical Education, Mass Communication, Journalism, Architecture, Planning, Urban Planning, Dental Science, Nursing, Computer Application, Hospitality, and many other subjects.

Moreover, the candidate pursuing this course can choose an area for specialization and have expertise in the subject. Hence, the student has excellent opportunity to enhance their skills and show their creativeness. Thus, Ph.D. is an excellent alternative for the regular boring class subjects. Moreover, the Ph.D. helps the student to learn real-life solving problems by using their learning and research over the subject.

Is Doctor higher than Ph.D.?

Since Ph.D. has become a very famous course in India, the students face huge competition for admission to their favorite college and university. Therefore, it becomes very necessary to know the difference between a doctorate and a Ph.D. degree.

Since many colleges/universities take admission through merit list or entrance exam process, therefore, it depends on the respective institute how they will take the admission. Hence, we are providing a list of eligibility criteria that the student must fulfill to be eligible for filing the admission form for the PH.D. courses.

The first and the foremost difference between the two is that Ph.D. is generally considered as only a teaching degree. On another side, the doctorate is a professional degree generally for corporate players. Moreover, a Ph.D. degree mostly deals with theoretical research experience whereas, a professional doctorate usually deals with solving practical problems in a real-life situation in fields.

Usually, a Ph.D. degree helps students to enrich their subject knowledge through theoretical research and construct new information and theories. Moreover, a professional doctorate enhances the field experience by the use of subject knowledge and increases the knowledge base.

Is Ph.D. a Doctor?

No, the Ph.D. is not a Doctor. But to address the person who has a Ph.D. degree we generally use the term ‘Dr.’ Pr ‘Professor’. Thus, it is the safest way to address a person whose academic is not known. The most common doctoral degree is a Ph.D., but you might also encounter instructors with other doctoral degrees such as a Doctor of Theology (DTh), Doctor of Public Health (DrPH), or Doctor of Engineering (DEng).

Ph.D. in one of the most prominent courses with a great career and huge future opportunities. Also, the course and syllabus of Ph.D. are very elaborate and detailed. Moreover, the course provides off-campus and on-campus placement directly after completing the bachelor’s degree. Therefore, the course has become very popular among students. Undoubtedly, Ph.D. is a very interesting course that helps the aspirants to enhance their creativity and skill.

Moreover, the Ph.D. course deals with practical knowledge rather than regular classroom lectures and theoretical information. Also, some of the major courses that the aspirants are a specialty in areas such Chemistry, Physics, Maths, Zoology, Biotechnology, Botany, English, Hindi, Economics, History, Management Studies, Business Studies, Marketing, Finance, Commerce, Statistics, Accountancy, Agriculture, Agronomy, Horticulture, Law, Legal Studies, Education, Physical Education, Mass Communication, Journalism, Architecture, Planning, Urban Planning, Dental Science, Nursing, Computer Application, Hospitality, and many other subjects.

Therefore, this Ph.D. course offers more than the expectations of an aspirant. Moreover, it helps the students to upgrade their skills and talent. Undoubtedly it serves as an excellent opportunity for the students to show their potential and develop self-confidence. Also, this helps them to develop communication skills, presentation skills, research skills, problem-solving skills, persistence skills, analyzing skills, and professionalism.

Can I complete a Ph.D. in 2 years?

Since, the Ph.D. course if gaining popularity very rapidly among students, therefore, there is very strong competition for admission to a good college/ university. Generally, the regular Ph.D. course is of 3- 6 years depending on the subject of research. However, the minimum course period is of 3 years. Therefore, it is not possible to complete the course in 2 years.

Primarily, the students who are eager for taking admission need to read the official notification. The notification contains all the necessary information such as admission dates, registration dates, registration fee, exam pattern, entrance exam syllabus, and other important details. Thereafter, the students need to complete the registration form. The form is available on the official website and also from the college/ university campus. Therefore, the aspirants need to pay the registration fee to complete the registration process.

Moreover, the candidate needs to appear for the entrance exam. The entrance exam is usually held on the institute campus. Thereafter, the students clearing the entrance exam or the merit list are then invited for the interview and counseling process. During the counseling process, verification of some important documents takes place. Therefore, the students who qualify for the counseling process need to pay the Ph.D. course fee.

Thereafter, the students completing all the above processes receive an Admission Offer Letter from the respective college/ university. Hence, now the student finally receives admission in a Ph.D. course with his or her favorite field of specialization. Although, the admission process for the respective college/ university may vary as per their administrative guidelines. Hence, the Ph.D. is one of the best available courses.

Read more
List of Universities offering PhD