Mode of Study: Full Time, Part Time & Distance Learning

Mode of study means the guidelines which describe how a student can acquire, process, and maintain knowledge. Elaborately, there are three modes, namely, full-time or regular mode, part-time model, and distance education mode. Moreover, all modes have their set advantages and disadvantages. The Indian Government has set rules and regulations for each mode of study. Students have to select the mode of study according to their situation carefully. However, they have to follow all rules and regulations accordingly. The course duration of each mode of study is different from others. Therefore, students need to consider that fact also. Nevertheless, some professional courses don’t support the part-time or distance education mode.

Full-time education is where the student has to attend regular classes at a specific time. Additionally, they have to engage in regular academic activity and practical experiments. This mode of study is more elaborative and popular among students. All universities except open universities offer this kind of degree program. On the other hand, part-time studies are for employed candidates.

Moreover, they can study according to their convenience. These part-time courses take much more time than the regular degree programs. Lastly comes the distance education mode of study. Not all degree courses support the distance education program. Additionally, there are some open universities in India for distance learning or correspondence programs. However, the students who cannot be present in the classroom can opt for this program.

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Mode of Study in Indian Education System 

In ancient India, there was a Gurukula system of education where students needed to stay at Guru’s house for learning. Students helped the Guru in his everyday chores at this home. It created a bond between the Guru and a student.  In modern times, the education system has changed and comprises modern subjects like science, mathematics, etc. On the contrary, the link between nature and a learner has been broken. In India, NCERT (National Council for Educational Research and Training) develops education policies and programs and prepares National Curriculum Framework. However, every state has its own State Council for Educational Research and Training who proposes the educational strategies, pedagogical schemes, curriculum, and methodologies to the state department of education. Additionally, State Council for Educational Research and Training is under NCERT. Nevertheless, states have the freedom to implement any educational strategy.

There is a National Policy on Education, 1986 that envisages a free and compulsory education for all children below 14.  Additionally, the Indian Government committed  6% G.D.P. (gross domestic product) for education, and half of the G.D.P. has to be spent on primary education. However, India has a four-tier school system such as lower primary (age 6 and 10), upper primary(age 11 and 12), high school (age 13 and 15), and higher secondary(age 17 and 18). Moreover, students need to learn three languages English, Hindi, and a mother tongue, for the education system.

The Education System in India

There are three main education systems in India. Firstly, the Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE is for children of central government employees who have transferrable jobs and move from one place to another. Therefore, several central schools are there for this purpose only. These schools follow a common education curriculum and schedule. However, other students can also take admission in these schools.

The second is the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) which is considered a replacement for the Cambridge School Certificate. However, both ICSE and CBSE board have their own education format. While there are some exclusive schools following the foreign curriculum that are named senior Cambridge. Furthermore, these are very expensive schools comprising residential facilities.

Full-Time Mode of Study

A full-time mode of study means the student has to be present every week from 9 am to 5 pm. It is the most common mode of study. This course requires specific hours of teaching and learning time per week. Additionally, it requires a particular amount of self-study. These full-time courses are very common for the master’s program.

Moreover, a PhD, particularly in science, also requires full-time studies in general. The full-time courses require less amount of time to complete the courses. However, most postgraduation courses are full-time courses.

Trends in Full-Time Learning Mode of study

Today, the increase in technology promotes different learning support tools and new education methods. Now, students can receive high-quality education online via the internet. However, these advances demand soft skills development in students. Additionally, the teaching methods change as well. Students can now explore information with just a click. Therefore, teachers need to find more innovative ways of teaching as students can devalue the top-down delivery method of teaching. However, teachers can help the students to uncover the information and to understand them.

Full-Time Courses in India

The range of the courses in a full-time study is verse. Moreover, all universities other than open universities offer full-time regular courses.

  • BE/B.Tech
  • ME/M.Tech
  • BCA
  • BBA
  • MCA
  • MBA
  • BCom
  • MCom
  • BPharma
  • MPharma
  • B.Sc
  • M.Sc
  • BA
  • MA
  • PhD.
  • M. Phil
  • MBBS
  • MD
  • MS

Part-Time Mode of Study

The part-time mode of study is for the nontraditional students who opt for study after reaching physical maturity and possessing some employment and family responsibilities. Though the part-time students opt for lesser course semester credits than full-time. However, the objective of the part-time course is to allow the students who have employment or family responsibility and want to balance their studies with work or personal commitments. However, not all courses can offer part-time enrolment. The institution generally chooses the courses for part-time format. The part-time students can feel a little less engaged in the higher education environment.

Nevertheless, there are some benefits of the part-time study mode, such as easier schedule management. The student can pursue study at home according to their convenience. Moreover, sometimes a part-time study is more affordable than a full-time study. Additionally, students can continue their job along with studies.

Trends in Part-Time Learning Mode of Study

Part-time study is self-paced and can be done at home. Moreover, it does not need daily attendance at a specific time or place. Most importantly, self-motivation is essential for part-time studies as a student needs to self-study a significant portion. Students should have a particular goal ahead so that they can have a specific direction. Additionally, they need to improve their time management skills and organization of work as they need to balance their studies with work commitments. In vocational courses or management courses, students may relate their own work experience with their studies.

Part-Time Courses in India

Students can opt for part-time courses at undergraduate, postgraduation, certificate, engineering, or P.G. diploma level. However, see below to know the courses:

  • M.B.A.
  • Master of Science in Computer Science
  • Master of Computer Application
  • Bachelor of Technology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Management
  • IATA-UFTAA Consultant Training
  • Bachelor of Fine Arts
  • Master of Philosophy
  • Bachelor of Engineering
  • Nautical Sciences
  • International Post Graduate Diploma in Life Insurance
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Insurance & Risk Management
  • Certificate Course in Nutrition & Dietetics
  • Masters in Marketing Management
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Information Technology
  • Masters of Financial Management
  • P.G. Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication Management
  • Masters in Business Studies
  • PhD

Distance Learning Mode of Study

Distance learning is a procedure for providing education where the source of education and the learner are apart by time and distance or both. This is an outside classroom process where equal qualitative value is offered to the learner. Moreover, the courses do not require the physical presence of the student. This technique is used for different courses all over the world with technological advances and communication with the students.

Trends in Distance Learning Mode of Study

Distance learning university has a purpose of giving outside class learning opportunities for students who are not able to overcome the distance or time. Moreover, there are three types of distance learning courses. However, see below to know about the courses.

Firstly, Open universities are the university that offers education through distance mode of study. Moreover, India now has 13 state open universities in total. The first Open University was Dr B.R. Ambedkar Open University, India. However, examples of other open universities are Indira Gandhi National Open University, Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, etc.

Secondly, Dual-mode university offers regular full-time programs as well as distance learning programs. Moreover, the correspondence courses are started at the University of Delhi in 1962. After that, some other universities also offer these types of courses. However, then formed the D.E.I. (Distance Education Institutions) and CCI (Correspondence Courses Institutes). Nevertheless, the number of enrolments is much larger in dual universities than in open universities. Some of the examples of this kind of university are the University of Mumbai, University of Delhi, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Annamalai University, ICFAI University Sikkim, etc.

Thirdly, Mixed Mode Universities offers full-time courses, distance mode by printed study material or by technology-dependent online degrees. Eg, Lovely Professional University, Amity University, etc.

Distance Learning Courses in India 

U.G.C. has open and distance learning regulations 2017. The regulations depict which program can be offered for distance learning courses. However, degree programs like medicine, engineering, dental, nursing, pharmacy, physiotherapy, architecture do not fall under the distance education program category. Only the programs that are approved by regulatory authorities or statutory councils can be permitted for open and distance learning. Professional courses like M.B.A., Hotel Management, B.Ed are some of the courses that can opt for open and distance learning.  Nevertheless, it will require the approval of regulatory authorities or statutory councils.

Moreover, universities cannot offer BE/B.Tech for open or distance learning. AICTE does not allow that. However, AICTE only allows M.B.A., M.C.A. degrees through distance mode.

  • MBA
  • MCA
  • B. Ed
  • Hotel Management

Frequently Asked Questions About Mode of Study in Indian Education System 

How many types of studies are there in India?

There are three types of studies in India. Such as,

Firstly, full-time mode of study, where the student has to present every weekday for a specific contact time. It is the most common mode of study.  Additionally, it requires a specific amount of self-study. Most postgraduation courses and PhD courses require a full-time study mode.

Secondly, the Part-time mode of study is for the students who are unable to be regular due to some employment and family responsibilities. Moreover, the objective of the part-time course is to allow the students who have employment or family responsibility and want to balance their studies with work or personal commitments. However, not all courses can offer part-time enrolment. The institution generally decides the courses for part-time format.

Thirdly, Distance learning allows outside classroom process. Most importantly, it is a procedure for providing education where the source of education and the learner are apart by time and distance or both. However, the courses do not require the physical presence of the student.

Which is the best study in India?

The most common mode of study in India is full-time study. In this mode, students can invest better concentration on studies and practical work.  Moreover, students can complete the course in less amount of time. Additionally, they can clear doubt from the teachers more easily and can procure practical hands-on experience. In India, it is the most popular mode of study.  However,  most of the courses in India are full-time courses.

What is the current education system in India?

In modern India, the education system has been changed. Students need to focus on many modern subjects like science, mathematics, etc. Moreover, NCERT (National Council for Educational Research and Training) develops education policies and programs and prepares National Curriculum Framework. However, every state also has a State Council for Educational Research and Training who can work independently but under the jurisdiction of NCERT. Indian Government has allocated 6% G.D.P. on education.

There is three main education system in India. Firstly, the Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE which is for children of central government employees who have transferrable jobs and have to move from one place to another.  Secondly, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is considered a replacement for the Cambridge School Certificate. Thirdly, some exclusive schools follow the foreign curriculum and are named senior Cambridge.

What are the 3 types of Distance Learning?

Distance education is the mode of study where students can learn and earn a degree without being present in the classroom. However, distance learning can be three types such as.

Open Universities

The purpose of this type of university is to offer education through a distance mode of study. However, examples of some other open universities are Indira Gandhi National Open University, Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, etc.  Moreover,  India now has 13 state open universities in total.

Dual-mode Universities

These types of universities offer regular programs (full-time campus-based) and distance learning programs as well. Some of the examples of this kind of university are the University of Mumbai, the University of Delhi, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Annamalai University, ICFAI University Sikkim, etc. Moreover, the correspondence courses are started at the University of Delhi in 1962. After that, some other universities also offer these types of courses. However,  then formed the D.E.I. (Distance Education Institutions) and CCI (Correspondence Courses Institutes). Nevertheless, the number o enrolment is much larger in dual universities than in open universities

Mixed Mode Universities

These types of universities offer a variety of modes of study like regular full time, distance mode by printed study material, or by technology-dependent online degrees. However, some of the examples of this kind are Lovely Professional University, Amity University, etc.

What is the part-time study?

It is a mode of study where the student does not have to attain regular classes. However, this mode is beneficial for students who have other commitments like employment or family emergency but want to study further. Not all courses offer a part-time mode of study. First, students need to check the details of the university/institute whether it offers part-time courses or not. Additionally, sometimes candidates need to submit employment proof to take admission in a part-time mode of study.  Part-time mode of study requires less number of classes. So it contains lesser course semester credits than full-time.

Can I study for a degree part-time?

A student can search the university and courses he/ she is opting for. Then they have to check if the course can be done in a part-time mode of study. Moreover, students need to check all the aspects of the part-time course. If they are ok with it then they can opt for the part-time mode of study.

Is it okay to be a part-time student?

A part-time study is a good option for those who are pursuing a career or have some family responsibilities.  Moreover, an employee can expect a hike in salary, having new skills, and progress in career after getting a part-time degree. But, the part-time mode of study has its advantages and disadvantages.  Therefore, students should think carefully before opting for a part-time degree.

Advantages

  • Firstly, time flexibility is a big advantage for a part-time student. They can plan for work as well as studies according to their timing. Moreover, there will be fewer physical classes. Additionally, they can enjoy the financial stability of employment.
  • Secondly, students can get a fresh new direction without overwhelming by the transition to a new environment.
  • Thirdly, the tuition cost will be less than full-time courses. However, it releases the financial burden for a very long time.

Disadvantages

  • Firstly, the study duration will increase. For a part-time course, it can take twice the time as the full-time courses. It’s because student gives less time in studies than full time. Moreover, the time will depend on the credit they have registered for.
  • Secondly, a part-time student will need a strong support system. As they have to balance their employment or personal responsibility with studies. However, they will need good time management and planning skills.
  • Thirdly, a part-time student will get a lesser number of scholarship options. The part-time students are considered to be working full time so they will not have scholarship options.

Which distance course is best?

Some of the best distance modes of study courses are given below,

  • Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Master of Social Work (M.S.W.)
  • Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.)
  • Certificate in Digital Marketing
  • Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • P.G. Diploma in Information Technology
  • Master of Commerce (M.Com)
  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)
  • Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.)
  • P.G. Diploma in Information Technology
  • Master of Arts (M.A.) in English

What is the purpose of the distance mode of study?

The main purpose of distance learning is to provide education where the source of education and the learner are apart by time and distance or both. This is an outside classroom process where equal qualitative value is offered to the learner. Moreover, the courses do not require the physical presence of the student. This technique is used for different courses all over the world with technological advances and communication with the students.

Is the distance mode of the study valid?

Yes, the distance education mode of study follows the university curriculum. Additionally, the examination follows the university rules and regulations. Sometimes, distance education does not impart practical knowledge.  However, the course curriculum ensures even if a student does not attend college regularly, he/she can get valuable learning at the end of the courses. Again, the certificates/Diplomas and degrees from O.D.L. institutions that are recognized by UGC/DEC and further in alias with U.G.C. notification on the specification of degrees will be treated as equivalent degrees as any other traditional university.

Is distance education banned in India?

 University Grants Commission (U.G.C.) issued a circular stating that distance learning doctoral degrees will not be recognized. According to U.G.C. regulations, only regular mode PhD courses are eligible for appointment as teachers or other academic positions in Universities. Nonetheless, U.G.C. has defined the regular mode of study of PhD includes only full-time or part-time PhD programs.  However, the certificates/Diplomas and degrees from O.D.L. institutions that are recognized by UGC/DEC and further in alias with U.G.C. notification on the specification of degrees will be treated as equivalent degrees as any other traditional university.

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