There have now various universities associated with each of the colleges of Indian Systems of Medicine. Central Council stipulates minimum education standards, curriculums, and syllabi that colleges must follow.
CCIM also monitors higher education in Indian systems of medicine. Including Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and Sowa-Rigpa, under University Grants Commission (UGC). The CCIM has been set up to suggest specifications for Indian medicine.
CCIM has also been conducting a study of the Ayurveda, Siddha. And Unani Tibbia education programs at the graduate and post-graduate levels. It has dissolved recently and replaced with a new bill NCISM(National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine)
What is CCIM?
Under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, (Act 48) passed in 1970. The Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) is a statutory body. Under the Ministry of AYUSH, it was set up in 1971.
Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and Sowa-Rigpa are among the systems of medicine and under the University Grants Commission (UGC) that this council monitors.
The CCIM has been set up to suggest specifications for Indian medicine. CCIM has also conducted a study of the Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani Tibbia education programs at the graduate and post-graduate levels.
In addition, a new bill, called NCISM (National Consulting on Indian Systems of Medicine, has recently been repealed and replaced.
Vision and Mission
CCIM’s mission is to establish, guide, develop and sustain an international network of educational institutions. That meets the needs of the global market and regulates the practice of the Indian System of Medicine.
With resource allocation, good governance, and management, establish, guide, develop, and sustain academic study programs. And practices of the Indian System of Medicine to meet the needs of the nation and the world.
The Indian System of Medicine is a system of healing based on classical principles of medicine. The Unani system of medicine is a blend of Ayurveda and Siddha.
The Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 relates to matters regarding recognition (inclusion/exclusion) of medical qualifications.
Keeping an Indian Medicine Register and updating it from time to time.
The Code of Ethics, Etiquette, and Standards of Professional Conduct must have been observed by practitioners.
For the purpose of considering and recommending to the Government of India projects. To establish new colleges of Indian Systems of Medicine. Increase the intake capacity for Undergraduate and Postgraduate programs, and add new subjects for Postgraduate programs.
According to the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970. The Central Council of Indian Medicine has established through a notice. Which is in the gazette of 10/8/71, part (ii) of section 3(ii). The Central Council of Indian Systems of Medicine has set up in 1971 to formulate. And implement various regulations including curricula and syllabuses for Indian systems of medicine.
- During the undergraduate and postgraduate years, students study Ayurved, Siddha, and Unani bibb.
- Since the year 2012, the Central Council of Indian Medicine has recognized the Sowa Rigpa System of Medicine as part of its membership.
- The Indian System of Medicine now has colleges affiliated with all the universities in the country. Central Councils present a minimum standard of education, curriculum, and syllabus for these colleges.
The main objective of the Central Council are as under:-
- In matters relating to recognition (inclusion/removal from the Second Schedule to the Indian Constitution) of medical qualifications
- Act of 1970 establishing the Medicine Central Council.
- In the register, work has been done to keep it up to date and to revise it whenever necessary.
- It is designed to prescribe professional conduct, etiquette, and a code of ethics for practitioners to observe.
- Review and make recommendations to the Government of India on proposals received from different institutes. For the establishment of new colleges of Indian Systems of Medicine.
- To increase intake capacity in Under-graduate, Post-graduate and to start new or Post-graduate additional subjects.
Functions of CCIM
Implications of the Indian Medicine Central Council Act
- The first amendment for Indian medicines for AYUSH was made in the year 1970. Updated in the years 2006, 2012, 2013, and 2016.
- The amendment for Sowa Rigpa has very recent. As it has introduced in the year 2015 by the Ministry of AYUSH.
- Following the creation of the Ministry, there are 29101 undergraduate colleges available to AYUSH in 2014. It then went to 25507 in 2013 of AYUSH. Similarly, in 2013 the number of postgraduate and tertiary colleges in AYUSH has found to be 2776. And increased to 3415 in 2014.
- It has been estimated that there have 5486 AYUSH colleges for postgraduate studies. And 40151 colleges for undergraduate study in India as of 2017.
- With the advent of AYUSH. And the CCIM, the total number of AYUSH hospitals in India was 3605 in 2014, compared to 3167 in 2013.
- The total number of hospitals in 2017 now stands at 3943.
- The fact that CCIM has effectively regulated and improved the educational standards of AYUSH in India demonstrates its importance.
- It is also called Ayurveda (Ayur is the Sanskrit equivalent of “life,” and Veda means “science”). Ayurveda is an auxiliary science in the Vedic tradition.
- This system, as well as the Rig Veda, has its origins in the Atharva-Veda. An important part of Ayurveda is Dhanvantari, the God of healing.
- As a result of this system, illnesses can be prevented, illnesses can be cured, and lives can be preserved.
- As an ancient medical system, Ayurveda has spread around the world from its origins in India.
- Gurukula system taught Ayurveda in ancient times, which is now taught in undergraduate and postgraduate courses in institutions.
- In middle-east & south-Asian countries, Unani-Tibb or Unani Medicine (Arabic, Hindustani, Pashto, and Persian) is a form of traditional medicine.
- The Greek and Arab physicians taught the same traditions of medicine. Which have based on Hippocrates’ and Galen’s teachings.
- Middle-age doctors such as Rhazes (al-Razi), Avicenna (Ibn Sena), Al-Zahrawi, and Ibn Nafis founded this elaborate medical system.
- In the 12th and 13th centuries, when the Delhi Sultanate (1206-1527) ruled North India. And also, Islam continued to dominate, Unani medicine began to flourish.
- In India, Hakim Ajmal Khan (1868 – 1927) championed the cause of Unani Medicine as an outstanding physician and scholar.
- A Central Council of Indian Medicine, mandated by the IMCC, acts on the Unani System of Medicine.
- Ancient scientists called them “Siddhargals” or “Siddhars.”. Singdhars, primarily from Southern India, in Tamil Nadu, laid the foundations for Siddha medicine.
- The siddhars possess ashta siddhis and have spiritual adepts. Siddha Medicine has believed to have been founded by Agastyar or Agasthya.
- In Siddha Medicine, 18 Siddhars have been considered being important. According to Hindu medicine, Siddha medicine revives and rejuvenates dead cells and organs and maintains Dosha balance.
- The Siddha system of medicine has two specialties: kayakakarpam
- The special combination of lifestyle and medicine) and muppu (the universal salt).
- A centuries-old form of traditional medicine, Sowa Rigpa employs a complex approach to diagnosis, incorporating methods such as pulse analysis. And urinalysis, as well as natural medicines (herbs, minerals, and physical therapy) to treat illness.
- Gyushi (rGyu-bzhi) is Tibetan texts which includes the medical systems of India, China, and Greece, and Arab nations.
- A common name was given to the Secret Tantra Instruction on the Eight Branches.
- The Immortality Elixir essence is The Four Tantras. Following are the four Tantras: Tantras can be classified into three categories: Root Tantra, Exegetical Tantra, and Instructional Tantra
- The Four Tantras contain clear written instructions. But the oral transmission of medical knowledge remains a major component of Tibetan medicine.
- By virtue of Gazette Notification No. 2345 dated 16.12.2011, the Sowa Rigpa System of Medicine has been included in the Central Council of Indian Medicine since 2012.
CCIM – Latest updates & notification
- The Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) has released a press note clarifying the Amendment Regulations. For Post Graduate Ayurvedic Education of the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).
- A notification was published on 20th November 2020 by the regulatory body. And also, that oversees the Indian medical systems of Ayurveda, Siddha. And, Sowarigpa, and Unani Medicine to clarify and define certain provisions regarding Post Graduate Ayurveda Education.
- It has been brought to the attention of the AYUSH Ministry that some versions of the notification have been misreported and incorrectly interpreted in some media platforms, leading to disappointment and confusion about what the notification is all about.
- Following the clarifications below, the Ministry wants to put to rest any apprehensions arising from incorrect interpretations.
- Universities need to inform students about examination schedules. And related activities well in advance (at least 4 weeks before) so that they can apply for e-passes etc.
- The examining bodies have been granted the flexibility to appoint external practical examiners from local Deemed Universities or local colleges. If out-of-state examiners have unable to travel due to COVID restrictions.
- If the College hospital has been taken over by local government/state government for Covid-19 purposes. The clinical examination of such a college may have been conducted at another nearby ASU College Hospital.
- The online subject’s examination (practice) may be taken before the clinical course is started.
- In any case, cities and universities must provide students with a proper mark sheet. And also, listing the marks they secured in each subject.
- Final year students The examining authority may as soon as possible conduct the theory. And practical examinations of the Final year of the said program.
- And announce the results in a time-bound manner. So that students are able to complete their one-year Internship on time. And pursue their careers without disruption. As well as able to sit in All India PG Entrance Exam if they so desire.
- PG exams will have conducted in the same manner as UG exams.
- Submission of the final thesis for PG students. The post-graduate students and their guides will ensure that the thesis is ready. For submission in accordance with regulatory requirements.
- Universities might adopt strategies to facilitate PG students. Such as online submission of dissertations, in view of the current economic conditions.
Here are some general guidelines
- Students might be permitted to select another college under the same university as an examination center.
- The Universities/examination board may relax the normal regulation of mandatory attendance. For a candidate to the justifiable level on their discretion. Due to the extraordinary circumstances.
- If the requirement of minimum attendance has been calculated. Which is based on student attendance during the lockdown period. Then all students should be considered to have attended.
- The Institutions will have responsibility for keeping track of classes taken and, percentage of attendance, assignments given and submitted by students, etc.
- These records should be considered eligible for internal assessment by State Examining Boards/Universities. As Examining Authorities under academic requirements for the calculation of attendance for examinations.
- The disruption in the teaching, learning, and evaluation process should not result in additional costs to students.
- A university/examining authority may devise. Its own course of action takes into account COVID19 pandemic issues. In accordance with the broad guidelines.
- And also, notwithstanding the above Guidelines regarding the resumption of session, the conduct of examinations. And commencement of next academic session, every university college has to ensure.
- That it has prepared in all respects to carry out the academic activities following necessary advisories. Or guidelines/ directions issued by the Centre. Or the state Government, MHRD, or UGC from time to time to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
- during this academic year, these guidelines are only applicable as a one-time measure due to COVID-19
Frequently Asked Questions About CCIM?
Which is better CCIM or AACSB?
Comparison between CCIM and AACSB:
- The vision of AACSB International is to transform business education for global prosperity.
- And also, there is no question that business and business schools are a force for good. Also, contributing to the global economy and to society. And also, AACSB plays a critical role in making that benefit more widely known to business schools. Moreover, students, businesses, and society.
- In business education, AACSB fosters engagement, accelerates innovation, and amplifies impact.
- Also, AACSB accreditation standards have aligned with this mission. In order to align business education with business practice. AACSB constantly seeks to improve engagement among businesses, faculty, institutions, and students.
- AACSB aims to achieve and sustain this goal by accelerating innovation in business education. AACSB will amplify the impact of business education on business and society.
- Our mission and vision will have accomplished by using the values of Quality, Inclusion & Diversity, Ethics, Social Responsibility, and Community.
- Business administration standards were established by AACSB in 1919. To meet the special needs of the accounting profession. AACSB adopted additional standards for undergraduate and graduate degree programs in accountancy in 1980.
- A regularly revised accreditation process. And the standard has been undertaken by the association to keep them relevant. Also, maintain their relevance, and maximize value.
- The AACSB Accreditation Council adopted this edition of the standards in April 2013. The AACSB Board of Directors and the Committee on Accreditation Policy (CAP) update accreditation standards and processes annually.
- You can apply for AACSB Accreditation if your business school offers accounting or business administration degrees. First, the school needs to become a member and become accredited.
- The Indian Medicine Central Council Act, (Act 48) was passed in 1970. Moreover, established the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) as a statutory body was It is under the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India.
- It monitors higher education in Indian systems of medicine. Including Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and Sowa-Rigpa, under University Grants Commission (UGC). The CCIM has been set up to suggest specifications for Indian medicine.
- CCIM has also conducted a study of the Ayurveda, Siddha. And Unani Tibbia education programs at the graduate and post-graduate levels. It has dissolved recently and replaced with a new bill NCISM(National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine)
More details about CCIM:
- Under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, (Act 48) passed in 1970. Also, the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) is a statutory body. It is under the Ministry of AYUSH it was set up in 1971.
- Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and Sowa-Rigpa are among the systems of medicine. Also, under the University Grants Commission (UGC) that this council monitors.
- The CCIM has been set up to suggest specifications for Indian medicine.
- CCIM has also conducted a study of the Ayurveda, Siddha. And Unani Tibbia education programs at the graduate and post-graduate levels.
- A new bill, called NCISM (National Consulting on Indian Systems of Medicine, has recently been repealed and replaced.
How important is CCIM approval?
Professional conduct standards, etiquette, and ethics
Medical practitioners have also expected to follow various professional practices, etiquette, and codes of ethics set by the Central Council of Indian Medicine.
(Central Council of Indian Medicine, 2017) The medical practitioner of an AYUSH hospital or institute must adhere to professional conduct without discrimination based on religion, nationality, race, caste, creed, political party, or social standing. Ayurvedic specialists are responsible for providing an accurate prognosis of diseases. Ayurveda has compiled a ten-point program outlining professional conduct and duties on the part of practitioners. As a result, these obligations apply;
- Characteristics of Indian medicine practitioners.
- Patients have a duty to their Indian medicine practitioners.
- Practitioners are responsible.
- Patience, delicacy, and secrecy have been required.
- The prognosis: It is important not to neglect the patient.
- Keeping the profession’s honor.
- Engagement in an obstetric case.
- Practicing Citizen as a Practitioner.
- Health care.
As well as the guidelines, the code of ethics has also been addressed in certain respects. The code of ethics also indicates that the practitioners must follow ethical methods of providing patients with medical reports and other documents.
Qualifications for or withdrawal of recognition of medical degrees
- As the Central Council for Indian Medicine, it supervises all Ayurvedic institutions, Unani hospitals, Siddha hospitals, and Sowa-rigpa hospitals and healthcare facilities.
- The CCIM rejects or renews institutional and practitioner licenses based on the previously mentioned elements (Central Council of Indian Medicine, 2017).
- There are two types of withdrawals: temporary and permanent. Initially, the applicant for a new institution has been provided with authorization and a license for a period of five years but will have been scrutinized during this time.
- In consequence, a 5-year registration can have revoked for non-compliance within the first 150 days of its registration.
How do I get CCIM approval (CCIM Registration)?
To open an AYUSH related college, the CCIM must meet certain standards
A minimum standard in education includes the availability of adequate infrastructure and facilities for teaching and training. Ayurvedic colleges or institutes must, however, satisfy the following requirements:
- An institution of higher education that offers healthcare services,
- Garden of herbs,
- Staff at the hospital,
- Staff members,
- And also, the Staff members, both technical and non-technical
- Council of the college,
- Website of the college,
- Laboratory facilities, etc.
- You must complete the minimum construction area required by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (Central Council of Indian Medicine, 2016).
Also required to have patient departments, clinical laboratory and radiological investigation reports, medical dispensing registers, diet registers for patients, and duty rosters.
As per schedule I, the college/institute must have an outpatient department (OPD) with at least six to eight types of OPDs, which include:
- Gynecology and Obstetrics,
- Cosmetology and Skin Care
- Medicin communautaire,
- A dental ENT specialist,
- The Varmam Method,
- An unfortunate event,
- External therapy, as well as,
- The number of beds in each set varies depending on the setting (Central Council of Indian Medicine, 2017).
You should have good Panchakarma Blocks in hospital or college facilities (toilets, washrooms, changing areas). Different types of AYUSH institutes have different numbers of OPDs. Ayurveda has eight outpatient departments while Siddha and Unani, both with six, and Sowa-rigpa the only male and female departments.
- In order to meet the college’s standards, it must have administrative sections and lecture halls.
- As well as seminar halls, libraries, teaching departments with mandatory dissection rooms, physiology laboratories specialized in pathology. And also, biochemistry, and microbiology, and pharmacognosy.
- Pharmacology labs, drug testing lab, pathology lab, yoga area, tutorial room and experimental surgery, quality testing laboratory. Canteen (Central Council of Indian Medicine, 2017).
- The college must also have equipment and instruments required for the physiology laboratory, dissection hall, pharmacognosy laboratory. And operation theatre, and tools for in-patient and out-patient examination according to the minimum standard requirements of AYUSH institutions and attached hospitals.