Professional Councils of UGC (University Grants Commission) | Approving Authority in India

University Grants Commission is a statutory authority that came into existence on December 28, 1953. It also consists of fifteen Professional Councils. Furthermore, these Professional Councils of UGC are statutory bodies working autonomously, providing recognition to the undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral programs. It also provides recognition to vocational courses provided by the institutions operating under the University Grants Commission. Additionally, these Councils also lay down the rules and regulations, guidelines governing courses, conduct of students and staff and other parameters affecting the overall performance of the institution. And foremost, it also considers the skills required in imparting quality education to the students.

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Therefore, the Professional Councils of UGC perform a significant role in ensuring that the criteria are fulfilled. Furthermore, it also makes sure students are transformed into capable individuals equipped with the required knowledge and skills in the institutions they study. Moreover, these Councils operate in a wide arena of specializations including Medicine, Pharmacy, Law and Architecture. Besides, it also consists of councils dealing with higher education in the states of India. Furthermore, these Professional Councils of UGC not only provide the framework for the development of courses. But bear the responsibility of guiding the students into professions and ensuring that they become successful professionals. Thus, it can be said that the role of the professional councils of UGC is that of a developer, coordinator, and regulator of the education system in India working through its educational institutions.

Understanding UGC (University Grants Commission): History & Existence

India has always given paramount importance to its education system since ancient times. Therefore, looking at the history of Indian education system one can find prominent universities like Taxila and Nalanda which were established before the British Era. Furthermore, the British Era was characterized by the establishment of several educational institutions across the country. The famed ones being Madras, Calcutta and Allahabad universities. After independence, a Commission was set up for recommending measures for improving the education system in India. Additionally, the commission headed by Dr S. Radhakrishnan suggested the setting up of University Grants Commission. Based on the model of its UK counterpart with eminent intellectuals as its members.

Thus, the University Grants Commission came into existence in the December of 1953. Though it began its official operations in the November of 1956. Moreover, the UGC operates under the provisions of University Grants Commission Act of 1956. Besides, the Commission is the authority responsible for granting recognition to the higher education institutions operating within the country. Additionally, the Commission is responsible for providing funds to the institution providing the layout for teaching and conducting examinations in the institutions working under its mandate.

Functions of UGC in University Selection

The primary function of the University Grants Commission is to provide grant-in-aid to the higher education institutions. It also approves the institutions having the minimum prescribed standards for providing higher education. Likewise, its functions consist of coordinating various Central and State parties to ensure smooth functioning of the universities.

In addition, the University Grants Commission performs the following functions as mentioned in Chapter III Section 12-Section 19 of the University Grants Commission Act of 1956 as follows:

  • UGC is responsible for coordinating and promoting University learning along with maintaining and prescribing standards of teaching including teaching methods, research and examination in the institutions.
  • The Commission is also responsible for allocating grants out of its fund to maintain and develop the universities established by a Central Act.
  • In addition, UGC is responsible for providing aid out of the Commission Fund for development and maintenance of other universities as it may deem fit.
  • UGC, moreover may recommend measures to the University for improving the education and advise the action to be taken for such improvement.
  • Besides, the UGC may advice the Central or State government to establish a new university or expand an existing university.
  • Also, the UGC may also prescribe the nature of the course for obtaining a qualification from any of the university and the minimum standard such a person should possess.
  • Furthermore, the Commission may terminate the affiliation of any course being provided by any college/university upon the non-fulfilment of the prescribed guidelines.
  • In addition, the Commission may also withhold the grants to any university if it fails to comply with the recommendations of the commission within the stipulated time.

Why is there a Need for a Regulatory Body?

University Grants Commission is a statutory body that regulates and controls the functioning of the universities and educational institutions across the country. It performs the role of coordinating and promoting the standard of higher education in India. The Commission along with its professional councils inspect the universities and grants them recognition. However, the recognition is granted only after a thorough checking to those Universities and Colleges meeting the required standards and prescribed quality criteria. Additionally, it lays down the standard of examination, teaching and research programs to be undertaken by each of the institutions. This is done in order to protect the students from possible frauds of fake courses and degrees being awarded by unrecognized universities and colleges. Furthermore, it ensures quality education in the higher education institutions of the country.

List of Professional Councils of UGC in India

AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education)

All India Council for Technical Education is an apex body constituted as an advisory authority at the national level, formed in 1945. Therefore, it was constituted under the provision of the All-India Council for Technical Education Act of 1987 to promote technical education across the country complying with the provisions stipulated under the National Policy of Education (1986). Moreover, the aim of this council was primarily to co-ordinate the technical education system of the nation, plan its improvement through maintenance of standards and regulation of norms in the area of technical education. Also, the council is empowered to take the necessary measures for ensuring integrated and coordinated growth of the institutions providing technical education in the country. And it is one of the Professional Councils of UGC

It provides a state wise list of institutions offering Undergraduate and Diploma degrees in Engineering, along with degrees like M.B.A., M.C.A., M. Pharm., M. Arch., M.E., M. Tech and other courses provided by AICTE accredited by National Accreditation Board (NBA).

Objectives of AICTE

  • The primary objective of AICTE is to provide technical education of high quality and world class standard to the students of this nation and thereby enhance the technical manpower.
  • Also, AICTE aims to function as a facilitator and regulator of technical education in the country by providing accreditation to the technical institutions.
  • In addition, AICTE aims to perform the role of a coordinator in developing the technical education institutions in the country by offering performance appraisal for the technical education colleges and universities, as well as holding them accountable for deferring from the guidelines.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC lays down the standards for teaching, qualification of staff, examination, and assessment in technical education institutions.
  • Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC focuses on improving the quality of institutions through innovative research, development and academic prominence.
  • Besides, this Professional Council of UGC undertakes manpower planning and forecasting and promotes the interaction of institutions and industries thereby encouraging entrepreneurship skills.
  • Also, the AICTE aims at making technical education acceptable and affordable all over India.

DEB (Distant Education Bureau)

The Distance Education System provided in India began in the year 1992. The first Open University in the country which is Dr B. R. Ambedkar Open University which was established in the year of 1982. After this, the Indira Gandhi National Open University started functioning in the year 1985. Also, the Indira Gandhi National Open University set up the Distance Education Council in the year 1991 which started its operation in the year 1992 for regulating and promoting the distance education programs in the country.

However, a committee was formed in 2010 under the HRD Ministry to study the distance education system in India which recommended the shifting of the Distance Education Council to UGC. Therefore, the DEC was dissolved in 2013 and the UGC set up the Distance Education Bureau. With its headquarters in New Delhi, the Distance Education Bureau operates to develop the quality and standard of courses undertaken by the Open Universities and as distance education programs and it is one of the Professional Councils of UGC.

Objectives of DEB

  • The primary objective of the DEB is to promote and develop the quality of education provided in distant education system and open universities.
  • Also, DEB encourages a flexible method of learning and education by developing a network of institutions and providing distinct and innovative programs.
  • Moreover, the Bureau offers financial aid to distance education institutions and open universities along with regulating the fee structure and payment methods in these institutions.
  • Furthermore, the Bureau studies the performance of institutions and frames the rules and regulations to be followed.
  • Besides, the Bureau is responsible for granting recognition to Open & Distance Learning (ODL) institutions based on the fulfilment of the required standards of teaching methods, resources and infrastructure.

RCI (Rehabilitation Council of India)

Rehabilitation Council of India, initially a registered society set up in 1986, was later converted into a body under the provisions of the Rehabilitation Council of India Act of 1992 and thus became established existence on 23rd June 1993 as a statutory body. This was done because the standards developed by a registered society was difficult to impose upon other organizations and therefore it required a statutory backing. However, the Rehabilitation Council of India Act was amended in 2000 to increase its ambit and give the provisions a broader area of implementation. Also, the Act penalizes the persons providing services to disabled persons without possessing necessary qualifications. And the Rehabilitation Council of India is one of the fifteen Professional Councils of UGC.

Moreover, the amended act introduced a twin fold responsibility upon the Council i.e., to regulate and standardize the areas of Rehabilitation as well as Special Education. Also, the Rehabilitation Council of India prescribes the standards to me met by the personnel and professionals dealing in the areas of Special Education and Rehabilitation.

Objectives of RCI

  • The main objective of the Rehabilitation Council of India is to provide training programs for individuals working in the field of rehabilitation along with special education.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC also aims to standardize the courses undertaken by professionals working with disabled persons along with maintaining a Central Rehabilitation Register for all the personnel and professionals.
  • Also, the RCI prescribes the minimum training and education standards to be met by the personnel and professionals dealing with disabled persons.
  • Furthermore, the RCI is responsible for ensuring uniform standard of training in the institutions through the country dealing with rehabilitation and special education.
  • Besides, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for providing recognition to the universities and institutions offering Bachelor’s/Master’s Degree and Diploma and Certificate Courses relating to the area of rehabilitation in disabled people.
  • Also, this Professional Council of UGC provides recognition to Degrees and Diploma offered by foreign universities and institutions.
  • In addition, the RCI is to register the details of persons working on disability in national institutions operating under the Social Justice Ministry.

BCI (Bar Council of India)

The Bar Council of India is an apex body which regulates and controls the working of the legal professionals and the legal education system in the country. Established by the provisions under the Advocates Act 1961, Section 4, Bar Council of India lays down the standards of legal education including grant of recognition to the institutions obtaining which the students of those institutions become eligible for enrolling as advocates. Also, the BCI determines the professional code of conduct and standard of ethics to be followed by the persons practicing in the legal professional. Moreover, the BCI is empowered to take disciplinary action against individuals found violating the prescribed code of conduct and consequentially demeaning the legal profession. And the Bar Council is one of the Professional Councils of UGC.

Objectives of BCI

  • The main objective of the Bar Council of India is to formulate the Professional Code of Conduct and the Standards of Etiquettes to be followed by the legal professionals.
  • Also, this Professional Council of UGC lays down the disciplinary proceedings to be initiated in case of breach of the stipulated code.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for granting recognition to the universities imparting legal education in the country and thereby accepting the degree offered as necessary qualification for enrolling as an advocate.
  • Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC offers legal aid to the underprivileged section of the society.
  • Besides, the BCI is responsible for recognising the law degrees obtained in foreign universities for enrolment as Advocate in Courts in India.
  • In addition, BCI is responsible for maintaining the standard of legal education in the institutions operating in India by organising seminars, workshops and such other training events.

NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education)

National Council for Teacher Education was one of the Professional Councils of UGC, set up in the year 1993 by the enactment of the National Council for Teacher Education Act of 1993 as an autonomous body to promote the growth and development of the teachers in the country. Also, the NCTE focuses on regulating and maintaining the standards of Teacher Education System along with providing training and research opportunities for persons interested in teaching pre-primary, primary and secondary levels along with non-formal or part time education and distance education programs.

Moreover, the Council grants recognition to institutions providing training in areas of teacher education. Furthermore, the NCTE undertakes the planning and execution of the plans and programs for Central and State universities imparting training to persons in teacher education system.

Objectives of NCTE

  • The main objective of the NCTE is formulating ways to promote and develop the Teacher Education System throughout the nation.
  • Also, NCTE prescribes the minimum required qualification for the persons intending to work as teachers and stipulates the norms to be followed by the institutions offering the same.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC lays down the standards of training and the courses for persons availing the teachers’ education training.
  • Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC provides recognition to the institutions in the country offering teachers education courses and training. It also lays down the guidelines to be followed by the recognised universities while starting new courses and programs.
  • In addition, this Professional Council of UGC prescribes the standards of examination and research for providing the teachers education degrees and qualifications.

ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)

Indian Council of Agricultural Research operating under the Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Ministry of the Indian Government was established as a society registered under the provisions of the Societies Registration Act 1860 in accordance with the Royal Commission Report. Also, the ICAR was established in the month of July in the year 1969 with its headquarters in New Delhi. And it is one of the Professional Councils of UGC. Moreover, ICAR is an organization operating autonomously aiding in the research and development in agriculture and education in agriculture with institutions operating in horticulture, animal science and fisheries specializations.

Therefore, the Council has 101 institutions and 71 universities across the country thereby making it one among the world’s largest agricultural systems. Furthermore, the Council has played a remarkable role in the agricultural revolution of the nation termed as the Green Revolution through the innovative technological solutions in the field of farming thereby increasing the food grain production by 5.6 times, horticulture output by 10.5 times and adding 10.4 times milk production from 1950-51 to 2017-18. Besides, the Council has made significant contributions in agricultural education by establishing agricultural universities across the nation and employing scientists interested in teaching and research in these institutions.

Objectives of ICAR

  • The primary aim of the ICAR is to promote and develop the agriculture and animal husbandry besides home science, fisheries, agroforestry as well as allied sciences and enhance the education system pertaining to agriculture in the country.
  • Also, the Council aims to provide the research and information on agriculture, fisheries, animal husbandry and other such areas and promoting technological innovations in these fields.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC also promotes research and development of education in agriculture, research along with training in the disciplines of agriculture, animal husbandry, forestry, fisheries as well as allied science.
  • Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for developing and delivering technology for harvesting and promoting cooperative initiatives in rural areas with the help of institutions like Indian Council for Social Science Research and Council of Scientific & Industrial Research.

MCI (Medical Council of India)

Medical Council of India had been initially constituted in 1994 under the provisions stipulated by the Indian Medical Council Act 1933 which had later been replaced by Indian Medical Council Act of 1956. Also, this Professional Council of UGC plays an indispensable role in granting recognition to the universities and medical institutions in India providing medical degrees and prescribed the standard of education to be followed by these institutions. Moreover, the Council provides advice to the Government at the Center for setting up of medical colleges offering new courses and lay down the standards of examination, training and research, staff appointment etc. in the grant of medical education.

It provides the list of courses and colleges recognized by this Professional Council of UGC. The Medical Council of India has been replaced by the National Medical Commission constituted under the National Medical Commission Act 2019.

Objectives of MCI

  • The main aim of Medical Council of India is to promote and regulate the Medical Education in the country provided by the medical colleges and other medical institutions in the country.
  • Also, the MCI is responsible for maintaining a uniform standard in the Medical Education institutions offering undergraduate medical degrees across the country.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC plays an important role in granting recognition to the universities and medical institutions offering medical degrees operating within the country.
  • In addition, the Medical Council of India is also responsible for recognising the foreign medical degrees obtained by the students from foreign universities.
  • Besides, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for registering the Doctors having requisite medical qualifications by maintaining a register. Indian Medical Register, for recording the names of all registered doctors in the country.

PCI (Pharmacy Council of India)

Pharmacy Council of India is the Central Council. It was formed as per the provisions stipulated under Section 3 of Pharmacy Act 1948. Also, the primary function of the Pharmacy Council is to regulate and standardize the pharmacy profession and pharmacy education at the undergraduate level in India. Moreover, it constituted as a statutory body for improving profession and practice of pharmacy. And thereby Pharmacy Councils were set up for carrying out the same.

It offers the list of institutions providing degree and diploma courses across the country approved by this Professional Council of UGC. Furthermore, the State Pharmacy Councils undertake the registration of pharmacists in the respective states. As per the instructions of the Pharmacy Council.

Objectives of PCI

  • The primary objective of the Pharmacy Council of India is to regulate the Pharmacy Education in the country. And the Registration of Pharmacists (in the Central Register of Pharmacists) stepping into the profession and practice of pharmacy as per the provisions of the Pharmacy Act.
  • Additionally, this Professional Council of UGC lays down the requisite standards for qualifying to be pharmacist in the country.
  • Also, the PCI is responsible for granting recognition to the institutions providing education in pharmacy on the basis of fulfilment of the conditions prescribed.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for ensuring uniform standards of education in pharmacy throughout the country.
  • Besides, the PCI empowered to withdraw the sanctions granted to the institutions on non-confirmation of the prescribed standards.
  • Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC. It is responsible for granting recognition to degrees in pharmacy obtained from foreign universities and institutions.

INC (Indian Nursing Council)

Indian Nursing Council is set up under the provisions as provided in the Indian Nursing Act 1947 as a statutory and autonomous body functioning under the Departments of Health & Family Welfare Ministry of the Government in India. Also, the Indian Nursing Act has amended multiple times in order to solve the anomalies the last amendment in the year 2006. However, the Indian Nursing Council has constituted for providing uniform training standards for Nurses, Midwives and Health Visitors. Moreover, the purpose of the Council the regulation of nursing education in the country by providing recognition to the institutions offering training in nursing and midwifery and ensuring the standards of training met. Besides, the Nursing Council operates at star level to ensure co-ordination in the functioning of the state institutions.

Objectives INC

  • The primary objective of the Indian Nursing Council is to lay down the standards for teaching and training midwives and nurses across the country.
  • Also, the INC lays down the requirements to fulfilled for admission to the courses of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visitors and the standards of examination.
  • Additionally, the Council prescribes the standards for recognising nursing degrees of foreign universities in reciprocation.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC grants recognition to the institutions imparting education in Nursing, Midwifery. And such areas of education upon the fulfilment of the required standards laid down by the Council to complied by the institutions.
  • Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC may withdraw the recognition granted to any institution upon non-conformation of the required standards laid down by the Council and in accordance with the Indian Nursing Council Act.

DCI (Dental Council of India)

The Dental Council of India (DCI) is a statutory body that came into existence in the March of 1949. And it constituted in the year 1948 as per the provisions provided under The Dentists Act 1948. The Dental Council of India, one of the Professional Councils of UGC established with the goal of regulating and maintaining the standards of Dental Education along with the Dental Profession in the country. Also, the Council has members from Central Government and State Government, Universities along with Medical Council of India, Dental Colleges as well as Private practitioners as its constituent representatives.

Moreover, the Council is responsible for ensuring uniform standards in dentistry or dental education in the nation by laying down the minimum standards of examination and research along with teaching in dental education. Besides, the Council functioning under the Health & Family Welfare Ministry Indian Government regulates the working of all the Dental Colleges operating within the nation.

Objectives of DCI Ranking

  • The primary objective of the Dental Council of India is to regulate Education of Dentistry. And Dental Profession across the country along with maintenance of dental ethics in the profession.
  • In addition, it is responsible for regulating the syllabus. And curriculum governing the training of Dentists and Dental Hygienists.
  • Also, this Professional Council of UGC lays down the standard (minimum) of examination. And research as well as teaching in the dental education field and formulates the framework for carrying out the same.
  • Moreover, DCI is responsible for granting recognition to the institutions operating in the field of Dental Education. And providing degrees in dentistry and ensuring that these institutions are operating in adherence to the stipulated standards.
  • Furthermore, it prescribes the standards to follow in the Dental Profession by formulating the Code of Conduct. And Ethics and Etiquettes to followed by the Dental Practitioners

CCH (Central Council of Homoeopathy)

In India, homoeopathy was brought by a French man named Dr. Hornigberger who reached Lahore in 1829-30. And called in to treat Maharaja Ranjit Singh who seriously ill at that time. Having treated the Maharaja successfully Dr. Hornigberger moved to Calcutta for practice. However, the first qualified physician in India was Dr. Mahendra Lal Sircar who successfully treated numerous people through homoeopathy and cured serious illnesses.

Moreover, due to the increasing importance of homoeopathy in the state the state of Bengal set up a Homeopathic State Faculty in the year 1943. On these lines a system demanded in the Assembly for promoting and maintaining standards of homoeopathy in the country. Consequently, the Government of India a Homoeopathic Enquiry Committee set up in 1948. Which recommended the establishment of a Central Council of Homoeopathic Medicine.

Later in 1952, the Union Government set up an ad-hoc committee. That recommended the formation of the Central Council of Homoeopathy which established consequently as per the provisions provided under the Homoeopathy Central Council Act 1973. Therefore, the Council became the statutory body constituted for the formulation and enhancement of standards of the Homoeopathic education as well as the profession.

Objectives of CCH

  • The main objective of the Central Council of Homoeopathy is to maintain uniform standards of Homoeopathic education. And maintenance of Register of the Homoeopathic Practitioners (Central Register of Homoeopathy) in the country.
  • Besides, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for laying down the Professional Ethics along with the Code of Conduct followed amongst the practitioners of homoeopathy.
  • Also, CCH provides recognition to the Medical institutions and universities granting degrees in homoeopathy on the fulfilment of the stipulated standards of homoeopathic education.
  • Moreover, CCH lays down the standards of teaching, examination and research to be carried out in the institutions providing degrees of homoeopathy for recognising the homoeopathic degree. Thus, it obtains and accept the students obtaining such degrees as Professional Practitioners of Homoeopathy.

CCIM (Central Council of Indian Medicine)

The Central Council of Indian Medicine is set up under the statute of Indian Medical Council Act 1970. It acts as a statutory body for promoting and maintaining the standards of Indian System of Medicines namely, Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Tibb. Also, this Professional Council of UGC established for maintaining the code of conduct and ensuring the ethics and etiquettes of the Practitioners of these Indian System of Medicines.

Moreover, Central Council of Indian Medicine also includes the Rigpa System of Medicine from the year 2012. Furthermore, all the institutions operating in the field of Indian System of Medicine follow the standards of teaching, curriculum and syllabus as formulated by the Central Council.

Objectives of CCIM

  • The primary objective of the Central Council of Indian Medicine is to lay down the minimum standards of the Indian System of Medicines including the Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani Tibb and Sowa Rigpa.
  • Besides, this Professional Council of IGC is responsible for granting recognition to the institutions offering degrees. In the Indian System of Medicines as per the provisions stipulated in Medical Central Council Act 1970.
  • Moreover, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for maintaining the Central Register of Indian Medicines and update it accordingly.
  • Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for formulating the standards of Professional Conduct and Code of Ethics and Etiquettes followed among the practitioners.
  • In addition, this Professional Council of UGC is responsible for maintaining uniform levels of examination, teaching and research in the undergraduate and postgraduate education system of Indian Medicine.

NCRI (National Council for Rural Institutes)

The National Council for Rural Institutes is operating under the Human Resource Development Ministry of the Government of India. It is an autonomous body constituted in the year 1995. Also, it is headquartered in Hyderabad. The organization is developed for enhancing higher education in rural areas on the lines of the vision of Mahatma Gandhi. Moreover, the Council provides training and research opportunities for teachers in collaboration with institutes like University Grants Commission along with the All-India Council of Technical Education (AICTE). In addition, it supports institutions working on Gandhian principles and philosophies proposing a system of education based on values.

Furthermore, this Professional Council of UGC has now been replaced by Mahatma Gandhi National Council of Rural Education working the areas related with developing of rural studies, rural management and social work. Besides, the Council aims at improving the rural education and thereby building an Uthkrisht Gram or prosperous village.

Objectives of NCRI

  • The primary objective of the National Council of Rural Institutes is to encourage the studies of rural economy through educational institutions to develop technological mechanisms to overcome the challenges faced by the rural societies.
  • Also, this Professional Council of UGC strives for an equitable economic and social development by developing curriculum and syllabus addressing challenges faced by rural communities.
  • Besides, this Professional Council of UGC aims at providing training to academicians and researchers interested in working in rural areas and for rural communities thereby improving the higher education system there.
  • Moreover, the NCRI is responsible for developing opportunities for the socially and economically vulnerable communities in rural India by collaborating with higher education institutions, local governments and gram sabhas.
  • Furthermore, the NCRI formulates regional and national programs and projects including fellowship based study projects for building a prosperous rural economy and consequently a prosperous nation or Unaat Bharat.

Frequently Asked Questions About Professional Councils of UGC

Is DCI under UGC?

The Dental Council of India a part of the fifteen professional councils constituted by the University Grants Commission (UGC). The Dental Council is a body functioning under the provisions of the Dentists Act 1948 of the Parliament. Established for regulating the Dental education and profession in the nation. The University Grants Commission has set up these professional councils for providing recognition to courses. And institutions providing degrees in various disciplines. Therefore, while the dental colleges and profession governed by the Dental Council. The Universities governing such colleges fall within the purview of the University Grants Commission. Thus, both the organizations have autonomous existence and run parallel to each other.

Is UGC is a professional council?

The University Grants Commission came into being in the year 1953. Though it began its official operations in the November of 1956. Moreover, the UGC operates under the provisions of University Grants Commission Act 1956. Besides, the Commission is the authority responsible for granting recognition to the higher education institutions operating within the country. Additionally, the Commission is responsible for providing funds to the institution. Providing the layout for teaching and conducting examinations in the institutions working under its mandate. The University Grants Commission has fifteen professional councils working parallel to it including. The All-India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and Medical Council of India (MCI). Along with Bar Council of India (BCI), Dental Council of India (DCI) and such like. Therefore, the Commission is not a professional council.

Is BCI under UGC?

The Bar Council of India is body responsible for regulating. And controlling the working of the legal professionals and the legal education system in the country. Established by the provisions under the Advocates Act 1961, Section 4. The Bar Council of India lays down the standards to followed in legal education. Including grant of recognition to the institutions obtaining which the students of those institutions become eligible for enrolling as advocates. Also, the BCI determines the professional code of conduct and standard of ethics. Followed by the persons practicing in the legal professional.

The University Grants Commission has set up these professional councils for providing recognition to courses. And institutions providing degrees in various disciplines. Therefore, while the law colleges. And profession governed by the Bar Council the Universities governing. Such colleges fall within the purview of the University Grants Commission. Thus, both the organizations have autonomous existence and run parallel to each other.

What is UGC and NCTE?

University Grants Commission is a statutory authority which came into existence on December 28, 1953. University Grants Commission consists of fifteen Professional Councils, the University Grants Commission came into being in the December of 1953. Though it began its official operations in the November of 1956. Moreover, the UGC operates under the provisions of University Grants Commission Act 1956. Besides, the Commission is the authority responsible for granting recognition to the higher education institutions operating within the country. Additionally, the Commission is responsible for providing funds to the institution, providing the layout for teaching. And conducting examinations in the institutions working under its mandate.

And the National Council for Teacher Education was one of the Professional Councils of UGC. Set up in the year 1993 by the enactment of the National Council for Teacher Education Act 1993. As a statutory body to promote the growth and development of the teachers in the country. Also, the NCTE focuses on regulating and maintaining the standards of Teacher Education System. Along with providing training and research opportunities for persons interested in teaching pre- primary, primary. And secondary levels in schools along with non- formal or part time education and distance education programs.

Does MCI comes under UGC?

The Indian Medical Council initially constituted in 1994 under the Indian Medical Council Act 1933. Later replaced by Indian Medical Council Act 1956. Also, this Professional Council of UGC plays a significant role in granting recognition to the universities. And medical institutions in India providing medical degrees and prescribed the standard of education to followed by these institutions.

Moreover, the Council provides advice to the Government for setting up of medical institutions, offering new courses. And lay down the standards of examination, training and research, staff appointment etc. in the grant of medical education. The University Grants Commission has set up these professional councils for providing recognition to courses. And institutions providing degrees in various disciplines. Therefore, while the medical colleges and profession regulated by the MCI. Universities governing such colleges fall within the purview of the University Grants Commission. Thus, both the organizations have autonomous existence and run parallel to each other.

What is the role of UGC?

University Grants Commission being a statutory body that regulates. And controls the functioning of the universities and educational institutions across the country. Performs the role of coordinating and promoting the standard of higher education in India. The Commission along with its professional councils inspects the universities and grants them recognition. However, the recognition granted only after a thorough checking to those universities. And colleges meeting the required standards and prescribed quality criteria. Additionally, it lays down the standard of examination, teaching and research programs to undertaken by each of the institutions. This done in order to protect the students from possible frauds of fake courses. And degrees awarded by unrecognised universities and colleges. Furthermore, it ensures quality education in the higher education institutions of the country.

Is UGC and AICTE same?

University Grants Commission is a statutory authority which came into existence on December 28, 1953. University Grants Commission consists of fifteen Professional Councils. The University Grants Commission came into existence in the December of 1953. Though it began its official operations in the November of 1956. Moreover, the UGC operates under the provisions of University Grants Commission Act of 1956. Besides, the Commission is also the authority responsible for granting recognition to the higher education institutions operating within the country. Additionally, the Commission is responsible for providing funds to the institution, providing the layout for teaching. And conducting examinations in the institutions working under its mandate.

Whereas, the All India Council for Technical Education constituted as an advisory authority at the national level, formed in the 1945. Therefore, it established under the provisions of the All India Council for Technical Education Act of 1987. To promote education in the technical field in the country complying with the provisions stipulated under the National Policy of Education (1986). Moreover, the aim of this council was primarily to co-ordinate the technical education system of the nation. Plan it’s improvement through maintenance of standards and regulation of norms in the area of technical education. Also, the council empowered to take the necessary measures for ensuring integrated. And coordinated growth of the institutions providing technical education in the country. And it is one of the Professional Councils of UGC

Who is UGC chairman? Who was the first chairman of UGC?

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar was the first chairman of UGC and Prof. Dhirendra Pal Singh is the current chairman of UGC.

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