UGC (University grants Commission): Know its History, Roles &Functions

The university education commission, chaired by Dr. S Radhakrishnan, was established shortly after Independence in 1948 to report on Indian university education and recommend changes and expansions that would be desired to meet the country’s current and future requirements and ambitions.

It was suggested that the university grants committee be rebuilt on the general model of the University grants commission of the UK – United kingdom, with a full-time chairman as well as other members selected from among reputable institutions and educational bodies. On December 28, 1953, late Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, formally inaugurated the UGC – University Grants Commission.

The University grant commission controls sixteen institutions in all. AICTE, RCI, DCI, and others are a few examples.

It also contributes to the funding of these institutions. When it comes to education in these institutions, the UGC’s decision is definitive. It was recommended in 2009 that the UGC be closed and the AICTE – All India council of technical education take over the job of the UGC. The UGC – University Grants Commission, on the other hand, continues to operate.

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The UGC – University Grants Commission was initially created as a statutory entity of the govt of India in Nov 1956 by the Parliament’s UGC – University Grants Commission act of 1956.

The goal was to oversee the coordination, formulation, and upkeep of the university education standards in our country. The UGC-Info net was launched with the aid of BSNL. The goal was to connect all of the UGC- University Grants Commission -approved colleges.

This will allow students from these various universities to communicate and share their perspectives. For these colleges, this would be cutting-edge technology.

The concept is sound but it will take some time before it can be put into practice. Also, A group of people is working hard to make this a reality.

Unlike secondary schools, university-level institutions are governed by a single certifying body: UGC – The University Grants Commission. The UGC website goes into great detail about its history. The University Education Committee, as it was originally known, was established at the close of World War II to regulate higher education in India. However, initially, the Committee primarily supervised universities in a few regions, but within a few years, it had expanded to include all Indian higher education institutions.

Moreover, Companies may approach customers in a whole new manner with UGC initiatives. Businesses of all sizes can encourage consumers with an unparalleled feeling of authenticity with the proper approach and strategy. Companies may get a lot of customer attention this way, as well as good financial results.

What is UGC?

UGC stands for University Grants Commission of India. In line with the UGC Act 1956, it is an initiative of the Indian Union Government. The Ministry of Human Resources Development oversees the program, which is linked with the Ministry of Higher Education.

The UGC – University Grants Commission is an important part of the country’s educational system. It has guaranteed that a system in higher education is followed. The UGC also guarantees that education at all of these top universities is of the same high quality so that students graduating from these institutions are treated equally. India is such a large nation, there are hundreds of institutions providing a variety of disciplines. It is impossible to guarantee adherence to a shared standard. UGC – University Grants Commission, on the other hand, makes this seemingly difficult undertaking doable.

It has been performing its function well for over half a century and will continue to do so in the future. One of the greatest methods to ensure that all of these colleges’ education is on par is to ensure that all of the professors are similarly qualified. This is why, before a lecturer can be recruited in any of these colleges, the UGC (University Grants Commission) must provide its final clearance.

The commission is in charge of organizing, establishing, and sustaining higher education standards across the country. It recognizes universities and colleges and disburses money to such institutions. The commission is headquartered in New Delhi and has regional offices in Kolkata, Hyderabad as well as Guwahati and  Bangalore, Pune, and Bhopal.

The UGC website provides information on institutions of higher learning as well as updates from within the organization. A list of all authorized academic institutions is one of the links they give. The UGC distributes grants and accredits institutions based on a range of institutional designations. Central and state universities, deemed universities as well as state private universities.

The UGC also maintains an official list of bogus institutions on its website at all times. As well as this is a handy tool for determining whether or not certain institutions are phony. In today’s world, university education is really important. Education is becoming increasingly vital as the globe becomes more technologically advanced. Many prospective students are able to pursue a higher degree of study and build a great profession with the assistance of the UGC. India is expanding, as is the world’s third-biggest educational system.

History of UGC – University Grants Commission

Higher education has always played an important role in Indian history, from ancient Bharat to present India. Taxila and Nalanda and Vikramsila universities were famous institutions of higher learning in ancient India, getting a lot of learners from all across the country as well as from far away countries such as Burma, Sri Lanka as well as china and Korea, Tibet, and Nepal. India has one of the world’s biggest higher education institutions.

The current higher education system may be traced back to Mountstuart Elphinstone’s minutes from 1823, which emphasized the importance of building schools to educate more and more European science. Lord Macaulay later urged “efforts to make inhabitants of the land completely competent English students” in his minutes of 1835. Sir Charles Wood’s Dispatch of 1854, dubbed the “Magna Carta of English Education in India,” advocated for the creation of a well-articulated educational system from elementary school to the uni. It aimed to promote indigenous education and planned the development of a comprehensive educational strategy.

In 1925, the Inter-University Board later known as the association of the Indian universities formed to promote university activities by exchanging information and cooperating in the fields of learning, research, sports, and other related fields.

The UGC has been charged with defining and maintaining the standards of education to deliver in the country, as well as accrediting universities and giving funding to them, since its inception in 1956. Here’s a short rundown of everything that led to the creation of the UGC, as the HRD ministry finalizes the plan to reorganize this age-old regulatory body of higher education in India.

The University Grants Commission was established as a formal entity in 1956 with the passage of the University Grants Commission Act, the organization’s roots may be traced back to the early in year 1940s when British officials debating how to promote Indian education. In 1944, the Central Advisory Board on Education was established to oversee postwar educational progress. The advisory board was formed as a result of several committees and studies that had been established over decades from the mid-nineteenth century to determine the type of education that should provide to the Indian people.

What are the Roles of UGC – University Grants Commission?

According to the 1956 UGC Act. The commission is responsible for providing money to universities and other institutions of higher learning, as well as coordinating, determining, and maintaining their ethical standards. Since its inception, the commission has set requirements that prospective UGC-approved institutions must satisfy in order to recognize. This is in response to the country’s fast expansion of small, medium, and major universities. As well as The University Grants Commission’s additional roles include.

  • Maintain links between the federal government, state governments, and various higher education institutions.
  • Examines the field of university and college education’s tremendous expansion.
  • Set criteria for exams such as the UGC Net, the CSIR NET, and the ICAR NET.
  • Establish policies to ensure that education meets minimal requirements.
  • Its mission is to promote and coordinate the universities and institutions that it recognizes.
  • Recommend to the federal and state governments measures for enforcing obligatory positive reforms in universities and other institutions of higher learning.

Primary Activities and Functions of University Grants Commission

Functions and activities of the UGC – University grant commission are mentioned below:

  • It promotes and oversees university education throughout the country.
  • Also, it establishes and enhances educational basic criteria.
  • It sets criteria for exams like the ICAR NET UGC NET and CSIR UGC NET.
  • Likewise, it assesses progress in the fields of higher education and research.
  • It enables universities and colleges to get funding.
  • It continues to exist as a link between the federal and state governments, as well as higher education institutions.
  • Recommend to the federal and state governments measures on how to improve university education.

Furthermore, Scholarships, fellowships, research grants, and merit prizes are also provided by the commission to stimulate progress in education and research. Consequently, The UGC –  University Grants Commission scholarships are aimed at enabling financially disadvantaged students who may positively contribute to the country’s growth to continue their studies without financial constraints.

The following scholarships are available via the UGC:

  • Women students for a postdoctoral fellowship.
  • The postdoctoral scholarship program for SC and ST Candidates Teachers can apply for the Emeritus Fellowship.
  • The Dr. S Radhakrishnan post-doctoral fellowship in Social sciences And Humanities is a post-doctoral fellowship in the humanities and social sciences.
  • National Scholarship for ST applicants seeking higher education;
  • Rajiv Gandhi national Scholarship for SC candidates seeking higher education
  • for social science study Swami Vivekananda only girl scholarship.
  • The Nationwide Fellowship for Individuals with Disabilities is a national organization that helps people with disabilities.
  • OBE applicants can apply for a national fellowship. For students who comes under minority or within minority, the Maulana Adad national fellowship is available. MRP stands for major research project.
  • Raman scholarship for post-doctoral study in the United States for Indian academics.
  • SC and ST applicants are eligible for a post-graduate scholarship for professional courses.
  • Special Assistance Program (SAP).

Also, Other prizes given by the UGC to outstanding scholars and lecturers include:

  • Nationwide Veda Vyas Sanskrit Awards from the UGC
  • Hari Om Ashram Trust Awards by UGC – University Grants Commission
  • Swami Pranavananda Saraswati National Awards, sponsored by the UGC – University Grants Commission.

Frequently Asked Questions About University Grants Commission

What is the UGC accreditation?

The University Grants Commission (UGC) created the NAAC – National Assessment and accreditation council in Bangalore in September 1994 to evaluate the performance of the country’s different colleges as well as universities. The NAACs mandate includes the duty of evaluating, assessing, and accrediting the country’s universities and institutions. NAACs concept focused on objective and continual development rather than being punitive or judgmental, so that all higher education institutions may optimize their resources, opportunities, and talents.

Assessment is a procedure that involves self-study and peer review using established criteria to evaluate the performance of an institution and/or its components. NAAC accreditation is a five-year certification provided by the organization. Currently, NAAC assesses and accredits businesses on a voluntary basis.

What is meant by UGC?

The full form of UGC stands for University Grants Commission. So, the UGC – University Grants Commission, established on Dec 28, 1953, and by an act of Parliament in the year 1956, became a statutory organization of the govt of India for the coordination, servicing as well as decision making of standards of teaching, examination, and study in university education.

Is UGC accreditation good?

The UGC considered the most important accrediting body in Indian higher education. Admissions counselors and credential assessors can utilize the UGC website to assist determine the legitimacy of any particular Indian academic institution. Students from India who desire to apply to schools or work in other countries may certain that if their institution is recognized by the UGC, their credentials will be reviewed according to international standards. The University Grants Commission (UGC) governs and administers India’s institutions, but its certification allows students to further their studies overseas.

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List of Universities accredited by UGC