UPPSC: Latest Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

UPPSC: Latest Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips
September 13, 2021
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There are a few exams that have a syllabus comprising a vast range of subjects. The Civil Services Examination is certainly the one that falls in this category. UPPSC Combined State/Upper Subordinate Services Examination and Assistant Conservator of Forests (A.C.F.) and Range Forest Officer (R.F.O.) Services Examination 2022, which the UPPSC will conduct on 24/10/2022, has multiple subjects in its syllabus. Since the recruitment is for such important and prestigious posts, it is quite natural that the syllabus is much more comprehensive.

At the preliminary stage, there are objective papers, while at the main exam, the papers will be of a subjective type. The UPPSC Syllabus is available for both the preliminary and main exams. To download the UPPSC syllabus PDF, visit the official website. And it is given separately. Though, the topics are almost the same. Notably, there are two optional subject papers in the main exam. This is similar to UPSC Civil Services Examination.

UPPSC Syllabus 2022 for PCS and ACF/ RFO exams is discussed here. The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) conducts the PCS and ACF / RFO. Through the UPPSC PCS and ACF / RFO Group A and Group B Officers are selected for the administrative services of the state government. The exam is conducted in three stages. The syllabus is a little different for the UPPSC Prelims and Mains exam, but the candidate should take an integrated approach to the UPPSC PCS, and ACF / RFO syllabus as most of the topics are common

Table of Contents

UPPSC Syllabus: Brief Introduction

In the preliminary stage, there are two papers on objective-type questions. The first paper deals with current events, the History of India and the Indian National Movement, Geography, Indian Polity and Constitution, Environment, Economy, and General Science. Next is the CSAT paper or the Civil Services Aptitude Test. This paper has elementary mathematics, logical reasoning, comprehension, General English, and General Hindi questions. The main exam has a total of eight papers. The first one is General Hindi. Second paper deals with essays. The third is the General Studies paper, which deals with History and Geography. The fourth one is General Studies paper two. It has subjects and topics like Constitution, Indian Polity, Administration, etc. The next one is the fifth paper. This is General Studies paper three. It has subjects and topics like Economy, Environment, Crop Management, Disaster Management, Science and Technology, etc.

The next one is the sixth paper. This is General Studies paper four. It deals with Ethics and related topics and case studies based on these. Also, two papers of two hundred marks each for an optional subject. The candidates need to pick one optional subject from a list of available ones. In the Interview stage, topics of current affairs are mainly asked. Here we have provided a detailed UP PSC syllabus below.

UPPSC Syllabus Prelims

The UPPSC Prelims syllabus is given here.

Paper 1- General Studies 1

Current events of national and international importance. History of India and Indian National Movement. Indian National Movement. Rise of Nationalism. Attainment of Independence. The physical, economic, and social geography of India. And of the World. Indian Constitution and Polity. Political System. Administration. Panchayati Raj System, etc. Economy. Poverty. Inclusion. Environment. Biodiversity. Climate Change. General Science and Technology.

Paper 2 – General Studies 2

Comprehension. Logical Reasoning. Decision Making. Problem Solving. General Mental ability. Elementary Mathematics up to Class ten level. Topics like General Hindi and General English up to class ten-level etc.

UPPSC Syllabus Main

The UPPSC main syllabus comprises eight papers in total. Out of these, two papers are on the optional subject. The candidates have to choose one optional subject from various subjects. The other papers are General Hindi, Essay, General Studies 1, General Studies 2, General Studies 3, and General Studies 4. Given below is the syllabus for the main exam.

UPPSC Syllabus General Hindi

Questions from Hindi Grammar. Official Writing Skills. Summarisation. Synonyms. Antonyms.

UPPSC Syllabus Essay

There are three sections. Candidates have to write one essay from each section. Also, each essay must be 700 words. Section A has topics for the essay from Literature and Culture, Social Sphere, and Political Sphere. Next, section B has topics for the essay from Science, Environment & Technology, Economic Sphere, Agriculture, Industry &Trade. And section C has topics for the essay from National and International Events, Natural Calamities, and National Development Programmes and Projects.

UPPSC Syllabus General Studies 1

  • History of India. Indian Culture. Salient aspects of art forms, literature, and architecture from different periods.
  • Modern Indian History from 1747 to 1947.
  • Indian Freedom Struggle. Attainment of Independence. Post-Independence Events and Developments.
  • World History will cover the French Revolution of 1789, the Industrial Revolution, World Wars, etc.
  • Socialism, Capitalism, Salient features of Indian Society, Role of Women in Society, Liberalisation, Privatization, and Globalization.
  • Social Empowerment, Communalism, Regionalism, Fascism, etc.
  • Geography will cover the distribution of major natural resources of the world.
  • Features of Physical Geography of India and World.
  • Earthquakes, Tsunami, Cyclones.
  • Ocean Resources, migration, population, settlements, etc.
  • History, Art & Culture, and Geography of Uttar Pradesh.

UPPSC Syllabus General Studies 2

  • Indian Constitution, making of Indian Constitution, evolution, developments, amendments, features, basic structure.
  • Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties.
  • Functions and responsibilities of Union and states, Separation of Powers, Role of the finance commission, Centre-state relations, Judiciary.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures.
  • Central and State Executive.
  • Central and State Administration, Civil Services.
  • Social Sector, welfare schemes, NGOs, self-help groups, development.
  • Transparency in governance, regional and global groupings.
  • Governance, Political System, Administration, Revenue and Judicial System in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Current happenings.

UPPSC Syllabus General Studies 3

  • Economic Planning. Objectives. Developments. Poverty. Unemployment.
  • Government Budgeting. Financial System. Major Crops. Food Security. Irrigation.
  • Food Processing. Land Reforms. Liberalization. Privatization. Globalization.
  • Infrastructure. Science and Technology Developments.
  • Information Technology. Environmental Security and Ecosystems. Wildlife. Biodiversity.
  • Disaster Management. Challenges to International Security. Internal Security in India.
  • Security Systems. Indian Defense Forces.
  • Uttar Pradesh Economy. Budget, Infrastructure, Agriculture, Horticulture.
  • Government Programmes and Schemes in UP. Law and Order and Civil Defence concerning UP.

UPPSC Syllabus General Studies 4

  • Ethics and Human Interface.
  • Concepts of Attitude. Aptitude. Emotional Intelligence.
  • Moral Thinkers and Philosophers.
  • Public Service Values.
  • Probity in Governance.
  • Issues of Corruption.
  • Case Studies based on these topics

Optional Subject Paper 1

Optional Subject Paper 2

The syllabus for all the optional subjects is given in the notification.

Personality Test/Viva-Voce/Interview

In the personality test, general questions related to current happenings and issues worldwide are asked. Also, the knowledge and understanding of academic topics and practical applicability of learnings are tested. Overall, the suitability of candidates for the posts is evaluated at this stage.

UPPSC Exam Pattern

The UPPSC Exam pattern is almost similar to other civil services exams. To match the stature of the posts, the exam pattern is quite a comprehensive one. It has three successive stages. These are preliminary, main, and Personality tests.

First Stage

The Prelims stage is the first stage for screening candidates. At this stage, two papers are held. These are the General Studies 1 and General Studies 2.  Both are papers with objective-type questions of two hours of duration. The maximum marks are 200 for each. The first paper has 150 questions, while the second one has 100 questions. Notably, the second paper is a qualifying one with minimum marks fixed at 33%. Candidates about thirteen times the total number of posts make it to the main stage.

Second Stage

At the main stage, there are eight papers. The first one is General Hindi. Next, the second one is of Essay. And both these papers are 150 marks each. After this, there are four general studies papers GS1, GS2, GS3, and GS4. All these papers are 200 marks. Next comes the optional subject papers. The optional subject papers are also 200 marks. All these papers are of three hours duration. Also, all the papers in the main are descriptive type. The total score combining the marks in all eight papers is 1500. About two times the total number of posts, candidates get through to the Personality Test.

Third Stage

After the main exam, the final stage is the personality test. It is 100 marks. The questions related to current affairs, the academic background of candidates, and the understanding of various issues are evaluated. The overall personality is tested. Finally, after the interviews are over, the commission draws a final merit list combining the marks in the main exam and personality test. And the successful candidates are recommended for different posts according to their ranks. The preferences chosen by candidates are also considered, and reservation provisions are also applied while allocating the posts.

UPPSC Syllabus – Prelims Pattern

The preliminary is the first stage. It is for the screening of candidates. As mentioned above, it has objective-type papers. The exam is taken on OMR Sheets. Both papers are of three hours duration. Both carry 200 marks each. Below, the pattern is given in tabular form for prelims.

S. No. Paper Number of Questions Duration of Exam Maximum Marks Type of paper
1 General Studies 1 150 2 Hours 200 Objective Type
2 General Studies 2 100 2 Hours 200 Objective Type

Candidates about thirteen times the total number of posts make it to the main stage.

UPPSC Syllabus – Main Pattern

The main stage has papers with descriptive-type questions. There is a total of eight papers. All the papers are of three hours duration. Below, the pattern is given in tabular form for the main.

S. No. Paper Duration of Exam Maximum Marks Type of paper
1 General Hindi 3 Hours 150 Descriptive
2 Essay 3 Hours 150 Descriptive
3 General Studies 1 3 Hours 200 Descriptive
4 General Studies 2 3 Hours 200 Descriptive
5 General Studies 3 3 Hours 200 Descriptive
6 General Studies 4 3 Hours 200 Descriptive
7 Optional Subject Paper 1 3 Hours 200 Descriptive
8 Optional Subject Paper 2 3 Hours 200 Descriptive

About two times the total number of vacancies, candidates make it to the Personality Test Stage.

Interview/Personality Test

The final stage is the interview stage. This is a personality test round where the suitability of candidates for the posts is checked. Varied questions on various topics, mainly current affairs, are asked. Candidates should also keep checking official website of UPPSC for any changes and updates.

UPPSC Recommended Books

Just like any other Civil Services Exam, UPPSC Civil Services Examination Syllabus also demands knowledge and command over a wide array of subjects. So, the candidates must prepare from relevant books to succeed in the UPPSC Combined State/Upper Subordinate Services Examination and Assistant Conservator of Forests (A.C.F.) and Range Forest Officer (R.F.O.) Services Examination 2022. Already, there are so many books on the market. In such a scenario, picking up the right resources can be challenging. Mainly for someone who is a beginner.

Also, there are so many books on different subjects. But the relevant books are a few. Therefore, candidates need to understand that the breadth of the UPPSC syllabus is relevant to Civil Services. And, so reading multiple books is not at all a good idea. Instead, reading one book multiple times should be the approach. Detailed information about recommended books for all the subjects in the syllabus for UPPSC is given here. The books given here are recommended for both Preliminary and Main.

Books for History

Ancient – Ancient India Old NCERT book by R.S. Sharma, Lucent General Knowledge Book.

Medieval – Medieval India Old NCERT book by Satish Chandra, Lucent.

Modern – Spectrum Publication’s ‘A Brief History of Modern India’ by Rajiv Ahir, Lucent.

Books for Geography

New NCERT Text Books from Class 6th to Class 12th, Lucent.

Books for Indian Polity, Constitution and Governance

‘Indian Polity’ by M. Laxmikant, Lucent, Government sources like PIB, Magazines, and Newspapers.

Books for Economy

Class 11th New NCERT Book ‘Indian Economic Development’, Sanjiv Verma’s ‘The Indian Economy’.

Books for Environment and Related Topics

Shankar IAS’s ‘Environment’ book, Newspapers for Current Events.

Books for General Science and Technology

Class 9th and 10th NCERT Book, Lucent, Newspaper, Magazine.

Books for Art and Culture

Class 11th NCERT Fine Arts Text Book, Nitin Singhania’s ‘Indian Art and Culture’.

Books for General English and General Hindi

Lucent’s ‘General Hindi’ and ‘General English’ books.

Books for Uttar Pradesh Knowledge

Upkar’s “Uttar Pradesh General Knowledge”. Arihant’s “Know Your State Uttar Pradesh”. There are some others books as well. Candidates may choose anyone.

UPPSC Preparation Tips

To succeed in an examination like UPPSC Combined State/Upper Subordinate Services Examination and Assistant Conservator of Forests (A.C.F.) and Range Forest Officer (R.F.O.) Services Examination 2022 is important to plan a proper strategy and follow it diligently. With an ocean of information available online today, it is quite natural that aspirants tend to get confused. Consequently, they often wonder what should be the right approach to prepare for the exam. Also, the UPPSC Syllabus is quite vast. The books and resources to prepare for the exam have been discussed in the above section. Here, we provide you with useful tips to prepare for UPPSC Combined PCS Examination.

UPPSC Important Tips

To start with, one needs to understand the UPPSC  Syllabus and Pattern. After that, start with NCERT books. Aspirants should read from class 6th to Class 12th if they are novices. Give NCERTs two readings. After NCERT books, aspirants can pick standard books for different subjects mentioned above. Candidates can also make short notes during the second reading of any book because this helps to revise just before the exam. Regularly, follow any newspaper daily and note current happenings related to the syllabus. Also, solve previous years’ papers or join any test series. Analyze your scores regularly. Pick up the shortcomings and plan accordingly.

Importantly, candidates should note that consistency is the key in this exam. Give multiple readings. The candidates should be well-skilled to frame relevant, accurate, concise, and systematic answers to succeed in the main examination. As a result, this will make you stand apart in the competition. Use diagrams and tables wherever possible. Also, maintain writing speed during the exam to complete the paper. And this will only improve if have you practised enough while preparing.

UPPSC Tips for Personality Test/Interview

For Interviews, the candidates should regularly follow anyone daily newspaper. Understand the issues around the globe. Also, aspirants should be clear and honest in the Interview. Be humble and positive because it is a check of personality and not knowledge. So, it is okay to humbly accept if you do not know the answer to any question. Eventually, the UPPSC  looks for whether you are the right match for Civil Services. Therefore, the preparation for the Interview should start right from the first day. Because building a good personality takes time.

You can surely land on the final merit list with proper strategy, consistent efforts, and smart study.

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Q.1 What is the syllabus for UPPSC?

Ans. The UPPSC exams take place in two parts – Prelims and Mains. The following is the syllabus for UPPSC under the prelims and mains exams:

UPPSC Prelims Syllabus

  • General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Constitution, Political System, Rights Issues etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Poverty Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, Sustainable Development, etc.
  • India and World Geography – Economic, Physical, Social geography of India and the World.
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • General Science.

UPPSC Mains Syllabus

  • ElementaryMathematicsuptoClassXlevel-Arithmatic,Algebra,GeometryandStatistics.
  • Decision making and problem-solving.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skills.
  • General Hindi and English (Class 10th level).

Q.2 Is UPPSC and UPSC syllabus the same?

Ans. There are some similarities between these two exams, such as the format of the exam, preparation strategy, mode of examination etc. However, there are visible differences in the syllabus of these two exams. Being a national level exam, the UPSC syllabus covers the broader aspects and includes the study of the whole nation without any limitation to any specific state. In contrast, UPPSC is a state level examination and doesn’t cover an in-depth study of the whole nation. Rather it mildly covers the study of the whole country and specifically focuses on the history, economy and geology of the state of Utter Pradesh.

Q.3 How many candidates are shortlisted for the main stage of UPPSC?

Ans. As per the UPPSC 2019 data, 318147 candidates had appeared for the UPPSC Prelims examination, out of which only 6320 could qualify for the Mains exam. The prelims qualifying rate turns out to be 1.98% of the total candidates who appeared for the UPPSC prelims exam. Although this data is just for the sake of representation, the qualifying rate for the main exams remains approximately the same over the year.

Q.4 How many papers are there in the UPPSC main exam?

Ans. There are a total of eight papers in the main exam of UPPSC. Six of them are compulsory, and two are optional. Each paper of them has 3 hours duration and carries 200 marks each (150 marks for General Hindi and Essay papers).

Q.5 How many marks does the UPPSC Interview carry?

Ans. UPPSC interview (personality test) carries a total of 100 marks. These marks are strategically distributed on the different aspects of the candidate, such as general awareness, expression, intelligence, personality, presentation etc.

Q.6 How many candidates make it to the UPPSC Personality Test stage?

Ans. The number of candidates who make it to the final stage (personality test stage) is quite small. As per the UPPSC 2020 data, a total of 314699 candidates had appeared for the prelims examination, out of which only 5393 could make it to the main exam. Further, 845 merely candidates could make it to the personality test stage for 487 vacancies. Although this data is just for the sake of representation, the qualifying rate for the final stage remains approximately the same over the year.



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