HPPSC: Latest Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

HPPSC: Latest Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips
September 13, 2021
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HPPSC Syllabus

As per the official Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern -HPPSC characterizes prospectus for the assessment of applicants. Therefore the choice cycle is divided into three sections, Pre, mains, and Interview. The schedule covers a colossal reach. Along these lines, up-and-comers ought to have a distinctive thought of the Himachal Pradesh PSC Exam Pattern. The framework of the syllabus is important to plan their methodology. It will help the applicants to excel in the test with great imprints indeed.

The prelims comprise two significant parts, specifically. Broad research, and Inclination test, and the mains test have. Eight separate papers all in all. Language tests, exposition composing, general examinations. The other is an elective subject.

Table of Contents

HPPSC Exam Prelims Syllabus

The preliminary test is the first step in the overall selection process.  We’ll go through the whole curriculum here in detail —

The exam pattern is advised by the official Himachal Pradesh PSC. The following is the full prelims syllabus-

  • General Education
  • Aptitude Test

Here is the complete information regarding the prelims syllabus. This format is set by the official Himachal Pradesh PSC exam body. The syllabus is described in detail here-

HPPSC Exam Mains Syllabus

As per the official Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern, the mains exam consists of a total of 8 papers, and a well-defined syllabus is available on the official website of HPPSC applicants who score the minimum cut-off marks in prelims are allowed to appear for the mains exam. This number is approximately twenty times more than the available vacancies. The mains examination has eight papers, and the syllabus for the papers is as follows as per the Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern:

  1. Translation- Hindi to English
  2. Composition writing, Idioms, Corrections
  3. Explanation of passages in Hindi
  4. Translation- English to Hindi
English 1. Understanding of unseen portions

2. Grammar and Vernacular

3. Detailed (summary) writing

4. Composition, letter, note, application, and report writing in English

5. Grammar in English

Essay Writing This part is designed to test the ability of candidates to write a prolonged piece of writing in the form of an essay and their knowledge/awareness of many themes. The topics may vary, but the major areas in the Himachal Pradesh PSC exam are as follows-

1.      Cultural Element

2.      Economic Scenario

3.      Political affairs

4.      Societal Understanding

5.      Historical incidents and outlook

Candidates must complete two essays, one from Section A and one from Section B, each of which must be around 900 words long.

General Studies I

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-1

  •  The onset of the Industrial Revolution and capitalism.
  •  Decolonization, sovereignty, and socialism concepts, as well as globalization and the notion of modernity
  • World Wars and post-World War I and II border settlements
  •  The Global Ramifications of Fascist Ideology
  • From the mid-eighteenth century until 1980, modern Indian history.
  • The many phases of India’s freedom struggle, as well as the involvement of prominent individuals from various regions of the country.
  • Indian cultural legacy from a historical perspective:
  • From antiquity until 1947, literature and art forms (Major structural and rock-cut temple architecture, sculptural art, and major schools of paintings).
  • National Movement in Himachal Pradesh, with a focus on Praja Mandal activities, 1848-1948.
  • Political and Administrative History of the Hill States under Colonial Rule. Territorial aggressiveness, Grants, and Sands
  •  British cantonments are established.
  • The nature and effects of the Gorkha invasion, as well as the Treaty of Segauli.
  • Vision and five-year plans for the developed Hill State.
  • An examination of the creative and cultural heritage (Temples, Buddhist Monasteries and Paintings).
  • Kangra, Kullu, and Chamba emerge and flourish as early medieval states. The Mughals and the Sikhs’ ties with the Hill States.

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-2

  • Models for disaster planning. Stakeholder roles and duties, including community involvement and the notion of first responders
  •  Catastrophes: Concepts, definitions, and categories, including environmental and artificial disasters
  •  The country’s disaster profile.
  •  Disaster and prosperity are intertwined.
  •  Disasters’ social and environmental consequences.
  •  Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches
  •  Disaster and development are intertwined.
  •  Language and Educational achievement in India’s Villages and Towns
  •  Introduction to India from a Geographical Perspective, India as a Geographical Study Unit.
  • Settlements, industry, and transportation are three of the most important factors to consider.
  •  Physical Geography of India: Structure and Relief, Climate, Soils and Vegetation, and Geomorphic Setting (Mountain Ranges and Rivers and other Water Bodies).
  • Settlements, industry, and transportation are three of the most important factors to consider.
  •  Programs: Forest, Industrial, and Tourism Policies; Development of Industrial Areas and Types of Industries in Himachal Pradesh; Employment creation and potential; Future Industrialization Scope; Hazard Marginalization and Risk Profile of Himachal Pradesh
  •  Himachal Pradesh Geography: Relief, Drainage, Vegetation Cover, and Types
  • Himachal Pradesh’s climate and climatic zones
  • Human Factors: Population Distribution, Urbanization, and Internal Migration
  •  Himachal Pradesh’s Geographical Regions (Shiwalik, Doors, Low Valleys, Outer Valleys of Sub Himalaya, Mid Hill Tracts of High Himalaya, High hills, and Valleys, and Inner Zones).
  • Human Elements: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Temporal Characteristics of Population, Pattern of Urbanization

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-3

  • The Rights of Children and the Right to Education
  • Unity in Diversity, a key characteristic of Indian society; rights and quality of life for differently-abled people.
  • Policies for women’s empowerment and social rights Women’s empowerment in India, women’s safety regulations, and women’s security and safety measures
  • Social Organizations in India: Family, Marriage, Kinship, Religion, and Social Division
  •  Objectivity and openness, information sharing and the right to know, codes of behavior, workplace culture, corruption problems, and political pressures
  •  Public service/governance essential values
  • Gandhian Thought: Pacifism and Truth, Satyagraha, Means, and Ends, Religion and Politics
  •  Integrity, Professionalism, and Accountability and the philosophical foundations of public service/governance.
  • Historical, social, cultural, economic, and legal elements of Himachal Pradesh’s tribes
  •  Himachal Pradesh’s Community and Culture: Culture, traditions, fairs, and festivals, as well as religious beliefs and practices, leisure, and entertainment.
  • Himachal Pradesh’s family, marriage, kinship, and caste structure
General Studies II Number of Units-3

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-1:

  •  Structure, Organization, and Operation of the Union and State Executives, as well as the Judiciary.
  •  India’s Constitution: Historical foundations, development, and key characteristics
  • Appointments to different constitutional positions, powers, duties, and responsibilities in India’s numerous constitutional organizations
  •  Key elements of the People’s Representation Act.
  • The process of amending the Constitution, as well as significant constitutional reforms and fundamental structural theory.
  • The Union’s and States’ roles and duties, as well as problems and challenges related to the federal system, devolution of authorities and funds up to the local level, and the obstacles that this entails.
  •  The structure, organization, and operation of Himachal Pradesh’s statutory, regulation, and quasi-judicial organizations…
  •  Statehood reorganization and politics
  •  State politics of sub-regionalism and pressure groups
  • Key elements of the People’s Representation Act
  •  The growth of political parties, particularly significant political parties, as well as their support base and election results in Himachal Pradesh’s Assembly and Parliamentary elections.

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-2:

  •  India’s governance includes good governance, citizen charters, efficient public service delivery, transparency, accountability, and ethics.
  •  local self-government of both metropolitan and rural regions In India
  •  Developmental institutional structure, policies, and interventions in India’s different sectors.
  •  Non-Governmental Organizations’ Role (NGOs),
  • Developmental institutional structure, policies, and interventions in India’s different sectors.
  • Quality of life issues, such as livelihood, poverty, hunger, illness, and social inclusion.
  • Women, Minorities, Backward Strata, Differently Abled Citizens, and Children in India;
  •  Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Civil Society in Governance in nation
  •  Governance in Himachal Pradesh
  • Himachal Pradesh Government’s Right to Information Act, 2005 and regulations promulgated thereunder
  •  Bodies established, Policies, Programs, and Schemes for the benefit of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  •  Problems & Obstacles In Himachal Pradesh, initiatives and policies for the welfare of differently-abled people, women, and children.
  • Administrative changes for efficient public service provision in Himachal Pradesh
  • Governance in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-3:

  • India’s strategy of looking east.
  • India’s ties with the US, Russia, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal, the Maldives, and Middle Eastern countries
  • Himachal Pradesh’s tribal welfare administration, tribal sub, and single-line presidency
  •  The organization and mission of important international institutions, agencies, and fora.
  • The impact of developed and developing country policies on India’s interests, as well as the Indian Diaspora.
  • Groupings and agreements involving India impact India’s interests at the bilateral, regional, and global levels.
  • The Himachal Pradesh government’s many initiatives for the socio-economic development of the state’s Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  •  The method to identify and regulate cybercrime and the drug problem in Himachal Pradesh.
  • The Himachal Pradesh government enacted laws to safeguard and foster the interests of the agricultural community.
General Studies III Number of Units-3

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-1

Monetary policy, Foreign exchange, Balance of Payment Scenario.

  •  Poverty and Inequality in India, Unemployment, and Inflation
  • •Foreign Trade: Policy, Composition, and Direction, Impact of Liberalization/Privatization, and Globalization
  • Money and banking regulatory template: Reserve Bank of India (RBI), commercial banks, and Regional Rural Banks.
  •  India’s Economic Framework
  • Economic advancement measurement: PQLI (Physical Quality of Life Index), MDGs (Millennium Development Goals), HDI (Human Development Index) / GDI (Gender Development Index) / Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM).
  • International Financial and Economic Organizations: International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Development Association (IDA), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), World Trade Organization (WTO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa(BRICS).; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD );
  • The Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Responsibility, and Budget Planning Act of 2003, Debt and financial investment in India: Current Status, Growth, and Development Experience, and Natural Resource Management
  • Current Development Schemes, Initiatives, and Institutional Changes (e.g., Swachh Bharat Mission, Make in India, Digital India, Skill India, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Ayog, and so on).
  •  Five-Year Plans: Public/Private/Joint Sector Strategies and Consequences
  • Agriculture and related industries diversification, land ownership, and land holdings size
  •  Himachal Pradesh’s economic situation
  •  Tax base, benefits, and drawbacks of Particular Category status, with special reference to hydro potential, tourism, flora, and wildlife.
  • Labor (skilled and unskilled).
  •  Assessment of educational, health, and physical and financial infrastructure development
  • The state’s mechanization.
  • Small-scale and cottage business.
  • Characteristics of Indian Economy.

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-2

  • The development of India’s space program throughout time. Missions to the Moon, Mars, and the Solar System, as well as Earth Observation Missions.
  • Space technology applications in natural resources, development, and communications.
  • Satellites for remote sensing and communication. Remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) applications for natural resource monitoring and applications that benefit the general public.
  • Important missions and projects of the Indian Space Research Organization and the Department of Space.
  • Non-conventional energy sources are renewable, clean, and ecologically beneficial. Energy’s role in long-term development.
  • Himachal Pradesh’s IT strategy and its role in government, the Himachal State Wide Area Network (HIMSWAN) idea, state e-governance plans, the Lok Mitra Kendra concept, and the Aryabhata Geo-Informatics Space Application Centre (AGISAC).
  • The importance of intellectual property rights, geographical indications, and traditional wisdom and expertise in the state’s long-term growth.
  • In Himachal Pradesh, modern and developing technologies and projects For expanding the state’s horticultural, medicinal, and aromatic plants resources, including biotechnology policy, research, vision, scope, and applications.

Himachal Pradesh PSC exam Unit-3

  • The most recent advances in science and technology for using the country’s agricultural, horticultural, medicinal, and herbal reserves.
  • Organic farming approach, seed certification, rainwater collecting, irrigation and soil conservation technologies, and soil health cards
  • The national mission for sustainable agriculture, also known as the mission for integrated horticultural development.
  • Assessment of the environmental impact.
  • Environmental issues, considerations, policies, programs, agreements, treaties, and missions, as well as the challenge of climate change.
  • Himalayan ecology, biosphere reserve, climate science, and economics
  • Biotechnology’s social and philanthropic implications
  • The national mission for sustainable agriculture, also known as the mission for integrated horticultural development.
  • The most recent advances in science and technology for using the country’s agricultural, horticultural, medicinal, and herbal resources.
  • Organic farming approach, seed certification, rainwater collecting, irrigation and soil conservation methods, and soil health cards
  • Tourism’s social, economic, and cultural ramifications.
  • Tourism sector environmental issues, including good and negative impacts, including climate change, focus on Himachal Pradesh.
  • Himachal Pradesh’s tourism strategy, potential, and initiative.
  • The concept of eco-tourism and green tourism, as well as their significance in the state’s long-term growth.
  • Religious, adventure, historical, and other types of tourism Himachal Pradesh’s major tourism attractions.

HPPSC Exam Optional Subject

It is as per the official Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern. HPPSC allows 31 optional subjects. Moreover, Applicants can choose any two subjects. The design of the optional papers is near the honors degree level. Hence, It is higher than a bachelor’s degree level. However, It is lower than a master’s degree level. Applicants can besides take writing subjects as an optional paper. Therefore, a total of 8 papers are there. As a matter of fact, six necessary papers and two optional subject papers. Moreover, The following is a table of optional subjects: –

  • Agriculture
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Indian History
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • Political Science and International Relation
  • Statistics
  • Commerce and Accounts
  • Hindi
  • Economics
  • Sanskrit
  • Urdu
  • Chemistry
  • Botany
  • Zoology
  • English Literature
  • Philosophy
  • Law
  • Geology
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Physics
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology
  • Management
  • Horticulture
  • Forestry
  • Medical Sciences
  • Geography

HPPSC Exam Pattern

The Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern contains information about the exam’s overall structure, including the marking method, total marks, number of sections, and time limit. Candidates must extensively review the exam pattern before commencing their studies to understand how they should use their time to achieve a high score. The test pattern for HPAS includes information on the objectives.

HPPSC Exam Prelims Pattern

As per the official Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern – It is a written exam. The paper is bilingual (Hindi and English). The questions are of multiple-choice type candidates have 2hrs of time to finish up this test.

HPAS prelims have two sections; mainly, each contains 200 questions on diverse topics. The marks distribution for the Himachal Pradesh PSC exam are as followed –

Name of Paper Total number of questions and Marks
Paper 1- General Studies 200 Questions & 100 Marks
Paper 2- Aptitude Test 200 Questions & 100 Marks

HPPSC Exam Mains Pattern

Officials will call up aspirants who achieve minimal qualifying marks in the preliminary examination to sit in the Himachal Pradesh PSC Mains Exam. The number of candidates invited for the Main written examination will be roughly 20 times the total number of positions to be filled based on the examination. There will be a total of 7 papers in the HPAS Mains Exam.  Unlike prelims, there will be negative marking for wrong options attended in multiple-choice type questions.

Total eight papers are there, including six compulsory papers and two optional subject papers. The Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern or structure is defined in the below-mentioned table-

Name of paper along with the subject Paper wise marks
Paper 1: English 100 Marks
Paper 2: Hindi in Devanagari Script 100 Marks
Paper 3: Essay 150 Marks
Paper 4: General Studies Paper-1 150 Marks
Paper 5: General Studies Paper-2 150 Marks
Paper 6: General Studies Paper-3 150 Marks
Total Marks 750 marks
Optional Papers for Himachal Pradesh PSC Exam
Name of the Paper Marks Per Paper
Paper-7 150 marks
Paper-8 150 marks
Total 300 marks
  • The maximum number of marks available for the Interview/Viva-voce is 150.

HPPSC Recommended Books

It is designed to crack the Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern. Besides, there are numerous books on each subject. However, It causes candidates to become perplexed. Therefore, We selected the finest books based on feedback from IAS toppers. Moreover, From IAS mentors, HPAS toppers, university professors, and exam experts. The following are the top books for the HPAS exam. Moreover, They are organized by subject based on the HPAS syllabus.

Current Affairs and Aptitude

  • Newspaper (The Hindu)
  • The Tribune (Himachal edition)
  • Daily news analysis by Jatin Verma
  • PIB analysis by Jatin Verma
  • Analytical reasoning and logical ability by Piyush Bhardwaj.
  • Analytical Reasoning by K Pandey
  • Quantitative Aptitude by S Aggarwal

Indian and Himachal Economy

  • Indian Economic Development NCERT
  • Introduction to Macroeconomics NCERT
  • Himachal Government Year Book
  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  • Niti Aayog Reports (Particular to Himachal Pradesh)
  • The Indian Economy by Sanjeev Verma

Himachal General Knowledge section for Himachal Pradesh PSC exam

  • The wonderland Himachal by Jag Mohan Balokhra
  • History, Culture, and Economy of Himachal Pradesh, by Mian Goverdhan Singh.


  • Ancient History of Class 11th by R.S. Sharma
  • India’s Ancient Past by R.S. Sharma
  • Indian Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
  • Medieval History NCERT Class XI-XII
  • NCERT XII (Modern Indian History)
  • A brief history of Modern India by Spectrum
  • India after Gandhi by Ramachandra Guha.


  • Physical and Human Geography by G.C. Leong.
  • Indian Geography – Class 10th and 12th NCERT

Indian Polity

  • Constitution of India Bare Act
  • Indian polity by Laxmi Kant.

Science and Technology for Himachal Pradesh PSC exam

  • Science and technology by Ashok Singh

Environment & Ecology

  • Environmental Studies Books of IGNOU and NOS
  • Environment Book by DS Khullar

Preparation Tips for HPPSC Exam

  • The first step is to obtain a copy of the curriculum. Plus, keep it with you at all times. Begin by going through NCERT textbooks. Moreover, mark the concepts that are important to the Himachal Pradesh PSC exam syllabus. Also, Make notes on the various sections of the prelims and mains exams.
  • Arrange the study plan pleasingly as per your suitability. Besides, This keeps track of how much you know and gives you a sense of success.
  • Aspirants should practice reading Comprehension. Moreover, logical thinking, and English grammar. More for the aptitude exam prelims paper. Since questions from these sections are asked in most aptitude exams.
  • Follow the previous year’s question papers for the Reading Comprehensions segment. Do better in Himachal Pradesh PSC Exam.
  • Reading newspapers and magazines regularly will help you keep up with current events in economic, political, and social issues, as well as policy changes. Any newspaper can be followed for this. The Tribune is a highly recommended newspaper.
  • For conceptual clarity, read NCERT books. Moreover, In-depth studies of important themes from the books mentioned above.
  • It’s important to keep pace with socio-economic, political, and growth issues. Applicants can subscribe to Giriraj magazine.
  • Aspirants can enroll in coaching sessions. Instead, use online preparation tools to pass the HPPSC exams on the first try. Self-study and analysis are critical for aspirants to improve their preparation.
  • Mock tests are the best way to see how good is an applicant’s preparation. It helps in setting the positive and negative aspects of a situation. Prepare a strategy that is effective for you. An objective assessment of your performance can assist you with the best course of action.
  • Learn how to manage your time in Himachal Pradesh PSC Exam.
  • Begin with the fundamental premise for a smooth start.

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Q.1 If final year candidates can appear in the HPAS Exam?

Ans. Yes, the final year candidates can appear for the exam. However, They need to secure passing marks. Similarly, The final mark sheet is asked at the time of final verification of selected applicants.

Q.2 What is the mode of examination?

Ans. The written exams take place offline. Moreover, The venue for the exam is HPPSC headquarter, Shimla.

Q.3 Is there any negative marking in the HPAS Prelims exam?

Ans. This is as per the official Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern. Therefore, Yes, each incorrect response carries a penalty of one by three. Whereas, For each incorrect answer, one-third of the marks assigned to the question will be deducted.

Q.4 Does the fine arts subject is given in the optional subject list?

Ans. This is as per the official Himachal Pradesh PSC exam pattern. Therefore, The list of optional subjects has 31 subjects. At the same time, fine arts is not one of them.

Q.5 Which is the best way to take a mock test?

Ans. Many coaching institutes provide suitable study material for the exam. Besides, you can download some app for the mock test.

Q.6 What is the examination center for HPAS 2021 prelims?

Ans. Himachal Pradesh PSC released a notification regarding the change of examination center. Hence, Newly allotted test centers are mentioned below. Moreover, You can visit the official website.

H.P. Public Service Commission Hall Nigam Vihar Shimla-2

JCB Sr. Sec. Public School, Sector-3, New Shimla,3 Distt. Shimla-171009 (Centre-II)



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