List of competitive exams in India you can give after 12th for getting government jobs

Introduction

There are some milestones in a lifetime of every student their 10th and their 12th are one of them. So, passing these major distinctions is a major deal itself. There is a major group of people who choose to prepare for their graduations but there is a fraternity of students who starts preparing for their competitive exams for governments jobs instead.

There are a variety of government jobs that one can opt for by giving different competitive exams after 12th aligned to one’s choice and interests.

The one thing that comes in mind to anybody familiar with government exams and jobs is job security. Yes, government jobs do come with benefits like job security, hassle-free life and regularly paid with other incentives. There are vacancies for students for government jobs after 12th in sectors like defence, banking and railways for the candidates through competitive exams.

competitive exams
January 9, 2022
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Table of Contents

Some of the competitive exams

National Defense Academy (NDA)

NDA exam is one the sought exams for the defence force of India. It conducts exam for the post and vacancies in Army, Navy and Air Force wings of NDA and Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC). Although the necessary educational qualifications are different for different academies.

For example, the Army Wing of National Defense Academy required candidate is required to be 10+2 passed and the Air Force, Navy and Naval Academy of National Defense Academy required a candidate to be 10+2 passed with subjects physics and mathematics. It is conducted in two phases and twice in a year.

The first phase is the written test (the sections for the same are Mathematics and General Ability) and the second is the SSB interview.

Students who clear NDA & NA Exam and SSB interview complete three-year joint-training at NDA in Khadakwasla, Pune. They pursue their graduation and gets a degree from (JNU) Jawaharlal Nehru University.

The UPSC is the charge for conducting the NDA exam and the SSB interview every year.

SSC Combined Higher Secondary Level (CHSL)

The SSC CHSL is one of the most desirable and popular exams among students who wish to take government jobs after 12th.

The SSC combined higher secondary level exams is conducted for students who are 12th passed for the post like:

  • Postal Assistants/Sorting Assistants(PA/SA)
  • Data Entry Operator (DEO)
  • Lower Divisional Clerk (LDC)
  • Court Clerk

The SSC CHSL exam is conducted in 3 levels for various posts and vacancies:

  • Objective multiple types
  • Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi
  • Skill test/ computer proficiency test

The first level, objective multiple types is conducted in online mode hence the computer mode.

The second level, the descriptive paper is conducted offline which is through pen and pencil mode.

SSC Multi Tasking Staff (MTS)

The SSC multitasking exam is a national level exam conducted by SSC for recruitment of candidates in General Central Service Group-C for non-ministerial, non gazetted posts in various ministries, departments and offices of Government of India. Candidates recruited as multi-tasking staff by Staff Selection Commission fall in Pay Band-1 (Rs 5,200-20,200) + Grade Pay Rs. 1,800.

There are two exams paper1 and paper2 from which the first one is online and is of 90 minutes, and the later one is offline for which the duration is 30 minutes.

It is conducted in various languages like Hindi, English as well as other regional languages.

It is conducted once a year, unlike the CHSL exam.

It proves to be very helpful for students who have just been graduated from high school and want to apply for government jobs after 12th.

SSC Stenographer (Grade C and Grade D)

The SSC Stenographer exam is held by the SSC in two levels. First being the online examination consisting of multiple-choice questions and the second is the skill test in stenography.

The stenographer has various responsibility in various ministerial and government departments for example speech writing, press conference briefings, assisting the minister or the officer or can be helping in public relations, handling telephone calls, taking dictations and typing, e-tracking of files and important papers, handling visitors, Maintaining engagements, handling parliamentary work, preparing tour programs and travel arrangements, and e-monitoring management system of important references.

It is one of those competitive exams after 12th which gets you the most decent government job after 12th.

Railway Recruitment Board (RRB)

The railway recruitment board is a government organization, established in 1998. It is one of the largest government recruitment boards in India. Thousands of students apply for the railway recruitment board every year through railway exams after 12th. The high school graduated students can apply for posts like an assistant loco pilot, office assistants, station master and ticket collector in Indian Railways.

The recruitment process for the ALP (assistant loco pilot) and technician recruitment is done in 3 stages which consists of computer-based tests or skills-based tests. For the final selection, the medical tests and documents verification is done which includes tests for distant vision, color vision and alertness required for loco pilots.

Indian Army

competitive exams

Serving in India Army is not just a job for most people, it is feeling of respect, admiration and the feeling of serving your country that calls people to join Indian Army.

Indian Army recruits students who have graduated from their high school. Indian Army conducts exam for students for the posts like technical entry scheme (TES) and soldiers (only male), Mahila constables (general duty), junior commissioned officers (catering). This competitive exam after 12th enables students to serve for the pride of India.

The required qualification for joining under TES is 10+2 with the subjects physics, chemistry and Maths.

Indian Navy

The Indian Navy recruits people for posts like Sailor, Artificer Apprentice and Senior Secondary Recruits (SSR) after 12th. It conducts B Tech cadet exam. This competitive exam after 12th helps graduated students to get jobs in Indian Navy after 12th.

The Indian navy is a well-respected name to be a part of and students jump at the opportunity to be a part of the Indian Navy.

Under this application from unmarried students are invited for a degree of 4 years. The candidate should be passed 10+2 from a recognized university or board with at least 70% marks in physics, chemistry and Maths and at least 50% marks in English.

Security Forces

best competitive exams

One can apply for the security forces for the posts like Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force (ITBP), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) etc.

These jobs are very different from the defence jobs but one can go for the competitive exams after 12th for these government jobs.

Every year, there are thousands of students who are interested in getting placed in a government sector just after passing 12th and joining security forces is one of them.

Security forces enable a person to get job stability and a sense of satisfaction.

Indian Coast Guard

Serving in Indian defence forces whether it is Indian Army, Indian Navy or Indian Air force is great pride of all time.

After 12th one can take up positions in the Indian coast guard. The posts available for a 12th graduate includes naviks (sailors) and yantriks (technicians), assistant commandants and airmen in IAF.

We have also complied a list of competitive exams after 10th.

Eligibility for upcoming government exam 

The students who had completed the B.E., M.E. degree in respective branches can apply. Candidates who possess over 20 years of can apply for the exam. This brings out the candidates to apply. Advertisements magazines also publish about these exams. 

Fees for IES exams 

The registration for this exam is online—the application is Rs.200. Net banking is another option available in this one. The fees for this are so cheap that even village people can apply. The fees depend on the category you belong to. They also mentioned fee structure in websites w you can see them. Thus, fees are structured for the students who write the IES exams. Therefore, the well you read the instruction, you can apply for the exam. 

Candidates at last prescribed by the Commission on the premise of Designing Administrations Examination, 2021 might require experiencing a vital examination. On being at last suggested by Commission, each candidate will be required to experience a stimulating examination. As and when so chosen by the Service of Railroads (Railroad Board) independent of the reality that they have shown up for such restorative examination. This is within the past and found the fit/unfit on the premise of prior examination. It will conduct the restorative examination at different Railroad Clinics beneath the Service of Railroads. So, the Commission plays a major role in conducting the exam. People think this is a simple process. But the risk involved is high n the conduction of examination. 

Government jobs through UPSC 

It filled UPSC posts for 24 diverse Respectful Administrations through Gracious Benefit Examination (CSE) conducted by Union Open Benefit Commission. Although there are 23 diverse Gracious Administrations, the foremost well-known administrations are Indian Authoritative Administrations (IAS), Indian Police Administrations (IPS), Indian Income Administrations (IRS), and Indian Remote Administrations (Uncertainties). They named a candidate after getting chosen in benefit to different posts (in his career) inside that benefit but sometimes where they may go on a delegation to another division in another benefit. The government jobs give a better life to people. They also help in one’s achievement in career. Jobs in the industry are difficult to gain. But the more you work, the higher you clear the examination. 

Pension is another aspect of government jobs. They benefit from the after a service period of government jobs. Money for the veterans is another goal through government jobs. So, the life of being a government employee is beneficial. They benefit the lives of people. 

Other upcoming government exams 2022

Various organizations like SSC, UPSC, IBPS, RBI, RRB, and other discharges Government Work Notice for diverse posts. It is exceptionally interesting on the off chance that you know which enlistment or Govt exam is coming following so you can plan appropriately. That’s why they have made the list of all the upcoming government exams (both central and state-wise) like banking, railway, guard, police, protection, and more. If you’re a 10th/12th pass, graduate, or engineer trying to find reasonable government work at that point, you’ll be able to discover almost in websites. In this article, we have given fresh data on the most recent and upcoming government exams like capability, compensation, last date to apply, exam date, which can assist you in choosing if you need to apply. 

List of Competitive Exams for Government Jobs 

  • SBI PO Examination 
  • IBPS SO Examination 
  • RBI Grade D Examination 
  • LIC-AAO 
  • UGC-NET 

  • Engineering Services Exam 
  • Civil Services Exam 
  • IPPB Exam 
  • CTET Exam 
  • CDS Exam 

Why Competitive Exams? 

It became more bureaucratic, and government jobs became less attractive to talented graduates. As a result, the number of potential employees shrank even further. To fill the quota, government departments had to offer the highest number of positions in the public sector and hire as many as they could, regardless of their background. Competitive exams also develop skills employers generally look for when selecting and hiring employees. The government has stated they intend to increase competition in the service industry by creating more competencies to provide greater access to government services via competencies in assessment, training and competency management. Their new competencies will improve employee assessments and encourage the government to hire and retain the best people.

Major list of competitive exams for government jobs

There are many competitive exams for government jobs in India. Competitive exams are important to land a perfect job. It’s also important to prepare yourself for a job that makes you rich. If you’re really smart, it’s possible to achieve many, if not all, of the exam requirements without ever working at a company, even if you are smart.

SBI PO Exam 

SBI PO is elaborated as the State Bank of India Probationary Officer Exam. The State Bank of India conducts this exam. They conduct it for the recruitment of the position of Probationary Officer. However, there is no salary scale. The candidate’s qualification, which means the number of exams completed, is given by the State Bank of India. 

  • SBI PO is a National level exam. 
  • Conducted once a year. 
  • There are three stages: Prelims, Mains and Interviews. 
  • Type of questions: Multiple choice(MCQ). 

  • Marking Scheme: +1.5 marks for each correct answer 
  • Negative marking: -0.25 marks for each wrong answer 
  • Paper medium: English & Hindi 
  • Duration:  Prelims: 1 Hour, Mains: Objective-3 hours, Descriptive- 30 minutes. 

Eligibility 

SBI sets the eligibility criteria for SBI PO. Only eligible candidates can apply for the exam. If the candidates fail to fulfil the criteria, their application form will be rejected. 

Education:  

To be eligible for the exam, candidates must have any valid Bachelor’s degree from any University recognized under the Government of India. 

Age:  

Candidates should be between the age of 21 years to 30 years. 

Nationality:  

  • Candidates who are Citizens of India, Nepal, Bhutan, or A Tibetan Refugee who arrived in India before January 01, 1962, to settle permanently are eligible to apply. 
  • Persons of Indian Origin who have migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Burma, or East African countries of Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaire, Kenya, Ethiopia, Malawi, with the intention of permanent settlement in India can also apply. 

Other: 

  • Aspirants with a record of default repayment of loans/ credit card dues are not eligible. Candidates against whom there is/ are an adverse report regarding character also not eligible. 

  • Check the below table for category wise variations in SBI PO Eligibility Criteria. 

Read on further to know more about the list of competitive exams for government jobs.

IBPS SO Exam 

IBPS SO stands for Institute of Banking Personnel Selection Specialist Officer recruitment exam. Some of the roles are 

  • I.T. Officer, 
  • Agricultural Field Officer, 

  • Rajbhasha Adhikari Law Officer, 
  • HR/Personnel Officer, 
  • Marketing Officer. 

Banks Participating: 

Exam conducted: Once a year 

Number of papers: 1 

Number of sections: 4 

Type of questions: Multiple choice questions (MCQ) 

Number of questions: 170 

Exam duration: 135 minutes 

Language:  English 

Eligibility 

Nationality/Citizenship: An applicant must be either of the following: 

  • A citizen of India; 
  • A subject of Nepal; 

  • A subject of Bhutan; 

  • A Tibetan refugee who shifted to India before January 01, 1962, with intentions of settling in India permanently; 
  • Persons of Indian Origin who have migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Burma or East African countries of Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaire, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Malawi can also apply with the intention of permanent settlement in India. 

Age Limit: 

  • Upper Age Limit: As of November 01, 2018, the candidate must not be more than 30 years of age. 

  • Lower Age Limit: The candidate must not have been born before November 02 1988. The applicant must be at least 20 years old as of November 01, 2018. 

Educational Qualification: The minimum educational qualification required for being appointed by any of the above officers will be different. This will depend on the particular officer post a candidate is applying for. 

Civil Service Exam (CSE) 

Civil Service Examination (UPSC CSE) is a national level recruitment examination conducted for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, recruitment for the position of: 

  1. Indian Administrative Service (IAS),  

  1. Indian Foreign Service (IFS),  

  1. Indian Police Service (IPS) among others. 

  • The exam is conducted once a year. 
  • The mode of examination will be offline. 
  • Exam Pattern: UPSC 2019 have 3 exams: 

  • Prelims Exam (CSAT): The prelims exam consists of MCQ’s which are objective, and the syllabus is General Studies & Engineering Aptitude Syllabus. 
  • Mains Exam: The mains exam consists of MCQ’s which are objective & subjective, and the syllabus is  Mental Ability, General Studies & Engineering Aptitude Syllabus. 
  • Personal Interview: Candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will be called for the Personality Test/ Interview. 

  • Prelims will consist of 2 paper and mains consists of paper A & B and part of the paper from 1-7. 
  •  Preliminary - 2 Hours & Mains - 3 Hours 

  • There will be negative marking of 1/3 rd of the respective questions for the objective questions and not for the written in mains. 
  • Mode: Offline i.e. Pen & Paper-based Test (PBT) 
  • Question Type:  

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ’s) 

Preliminary - Objective 

Mains – Objective & Subjective 

  • Exam Pattern:  

1: Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type) 

 2: Mains (Descriptive Type) 

 3: Personal Interview (Personality Test) 

  • Total Marks:  

 Preliminary/ Paper I – 200, Paper-II – 200 

Mains/ Paper A – 300, Paper B – 300, Paper I to VII – 250  

Personal Interview - 275 

  • Negative Marking:  

Preliminary/ Paper I – 200, Paper-II – 200 

Mains/ Paper A – 300, Paper B – 300, Paper I to VII – 250  

Personal Interview - 275 

  • Syllabus Topic: History, Polity, Geography and Agriculture, Science and Technology, Ecology and Environment, Economics, Arts and Culture, Social Welfare and GK.  
  • Duration:  

Preliminary - 2 Hours 

Mains – 3 Hours 

  • Medium: English and Hindi 

Eligibility 

Educational qualification: 

  • The candidate must have passed a Bachelor’s Degree in any discipline from a recognized university or the Central Government of India. 
  • Candidates pursuing their final year or appearing for the final semester are also eligible to apply. 

Age Limit: 

  • The candidates’ minimum and maximum age limits must be 21 years and 32 years, respectively. 
  • The relaxation in the upper age for the candidates of the S.C. and S.T. category will be five years, and for the OBC category will be of 3 years. 

ICAR Exam 

ICAR stands for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. The ICAR has its headquarters in Delhi. And has over 50,000 researchers from over 150 institutions worldwide engaged in research related to agriculture. The website of the ICAR, which has a dedicated section on ‘Agricultural Research- ICAR website’, is one of the best sources of information online on the various parts of the agricultural sector that are important to agriculture. 

Universities Under ICAR: ICAR-AU system with a total of 75 Agricultural Universities (AUs) comprising of: 

  • 64 State Agricultural, Veterinary, Horticulture, and Fisheries Universities 
  • 3 Central Agricultural Universities (CAU Imphal; DR.RPCAU Pusa and RLBCAU, Jhansi) 

  • 5 Deemed Universities (DUs) 
  • 4 Central Universities (BHU, AMU, Viswa Bharati, and Nagaland University) awarding various kinds of degrees in different disciplines of agricultural, veterinary, and allied sciences. 

ICAR JRF/SRF 2022 Eligibility Criteria 

The candidate should make sure that they fulfil the eligibility criteria set for ICAR AICE SRF/JRF (PGS) before submitting the online form. Given below are the eligibility criteria to acquire the JRF/SRF (PGS) program seat: 

Educational Qualifications 

Applicants must be Indian Nationals who have passed their Master’s Degree program with a minimum of overall Grade Point Average (OGPA) from any recognized university in India to be considered for the AICE SRF/JRF (PGS). Candidates with a Bachelor’s degree of 3 years, if already enrolled for a Master’s degree, may seek admission in PhD in respective ICAR-DU according to prescribed eligibility criteria. 

Age 

Applicants must be at least 20 years of age as of July 01, of the year of admission. There is no relaxation allowed in the case of a minimum age limit for any category. Also, there is no prescribed upper age limit. 

RRB NTPC 

RRB NTPC stands for Railway Recruitment Board Non-Technical Popular Categories. RRB is a public sector enterprise that oversees the recruitment process for various posts in the nation’s railway sector. As RRB NTPC 2022 recruitment is for various posts, the eligibility criteria for every post varies from one another. Therefore, interested candidates should first check whether they are eligible to apply for specific posts on the RRB NTPC 2022 exam or not. The following is the Railway NTPC 2022 Qualifications that an aspirant needs to satisfy: 

Based on Nationality 

The applying candidate must be 

  • A citizen of India or 
  • A subject of Nepal or 
  • A subject of Bhutan or 

  • A Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 01, 1962, for permanent settlement or 
  • A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, and Vietnam intends to settle in India permanently. 

Based on Educational Qualification 

Educational Qualification Requirement is different for different posts. 

RRB NTPC 2022 Educational Qualification 
Post Name  Qualification 
Traffic Assistant  Graduation Degree 
Senior Time Keeper  Graduation Degree and Typing proficiency in Hindi/English on computer 
Commercial Apprentice (CA)  Graduation Degree 
Traffic Apprentice (TA)  Graduation Degree 
Enquiry-Cum-Reservation-Clerk  Graduation Degree 
Goods Guard Selection  Graduation Degree 
Asst Station Master (ASM)  Graduation Degree 
Senior Clerk-Cum-typist  Graduation Degree and Typing proficiency in Hindi/English on computer 
Junior Accounts Assistant Cum Typist  Graduation Degree and Typing proficiency in Hindi/English on computer 

Age Limit 

The RRB NTPC 2021 Age limit for level 1 is from 18-31 years, and ALP and Technician are from 18-28 years as of July 01, 2021. Reserved category candidates will get special relaxation which is given below: 

RRB NTPC 2021 Age Relaxation 
Sl No.  Category  Age Relaxation 
SC / ST Candidates  5 years 
OBC – Non-Creamy Layer candidates  3 years 
Ex-Servicemen candidates who have put in more than 6 months of service after attestation  Up to the extent of service rendered in Defence plus 3 years 
Persons with Disabilities (PwD)  10 years 
PWD OBC- Non-Creamy Layer  13 years 
PwD SC/ST  15 years 

Final Thoughts

Serving in Indian forces or working for the Indian government is a dream for many people. And getting a chance to serve just after graduating from 12th counts big.

Millions of youngsters dream to join defence forces and work with pride and glory as well as there is another group of people who wants to serve the country by servicing in the government offices.

You not only get job security which is a key complement of working in a public sector but you get other benefits too, for example, you get to strike a balance between your work and your personal life which is hard in case of working in a private sector. You have a strict schedule for work and get to spend considerable time with your family as well. You get to have all the public holidays which is not at all possible in the private sector.

It is not just about the benefits that you get while working in the government sector. It is about the benefits that others get too. Not so sound so idealistic but working in the public sector helps to actually make a difference in the society or helps in paying back for the unaccountable things we get from the society and government as a whole.

So, in the conclusion, one should choose the jobs government sector then go for the competitive exams. And for that, I have already made you familiar with all the exams that one can and should give after their 12th graduation.

You can prepare for your exams and earn online at the same time by joining as a Chegg Expert.

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