Inorganic Chemistry- A detailed insight for everyone

Introduction

The world operates based on the laws of nature. To understand this, we have tried to use countless theories and equations that have helped us make sense of the world and our universe. Science and scientific knowledge has helped in the creation of the steam engine, the automobile, modern medicine, and even the device you are reading this article on. Today, we will give you an insight into one such science- inorganic chemistry.

But before that, let us briefly understand the domain of scientific studies.

Humans and Science

The dictionary defines science as “the intellectual study of the system of the physical and natural world through experiments and observations”. While this does a very good job of explaining the meaning of science, it dives deep with technical terms. In simple words, science is the study of the world and everything in and outside it. This is a very broad definition, however, science is a very broad study too.

inorganic chemistry
October 20, 2021
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Table of Contents

Different Types of Science

Humans, in order to make sense of the natural world, have categorised the workings of the natural world under three main branches of science;

1. Physics

Physics is often referred to as the mother of all sciences. This is because the branch of physics deals with understanding how matter is formed and its properties. Some of the most famous scientists, like Albert Einstein, Stephan Hawking, were all professors of Physics.

Physics studies the world from both a macroscopic-universe encompassing-and a microscopic-interactions of atoms-perspective. This has helped humanity understand the four basic laws of the universe, namely the strong and weak nuclear force, gravitation and the electromagnetic force.

The key task of physics is to find the common link between all these four fundamental forces of nature, something that countless physicists have been constantly working towards.

2. Biology

Biology is defined as the study of life. This field of study gives humans an understanding of the anatomy of not just humans, but of all life on our planet.

In recent times, the inter-disciplinary form of science has often intertwined the study of biology with other branches of science, namely physics and chemistry. This is because a lot of biological functions have strong correlation to other scientific phenomena observed around the universe.

One of the most important questions that biologists are yet to find an answer to is how did life originate on Earth?

3. Chemistry

Chemistry is one of the main branches of science since chemistry deals in how the elements of the world are structured and created.

While there is a lot of interdisciplinary research in all the different sciences, chemistry is used in all types of research. This is because chemical compounds are actually the building blocks of life. Even with non-living things, all objects are formed and operate with the laws of chemical composition. Thus, making chemistry one of the most vital studies of science.

Why study inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry?

When one talks about chemistry, everyone conjures up pictures of lab coats, test tubes and crazy experiments. But, this is not the case. Like I mentioned above, all objects, be it living or nonliving, form and operate with chemical activities.

The American Chemical Society had once said, “All of our senses, sight, sound, smell, taste, hearing, are all conducted through chemical properties”. Thus, even if you are not a chemist, your body automatically does chemistry without you even realising. Thus, making you all chemists.

But, of course, that is not the case. Like all other fields of study, chemistry requires years of practice and experiments to produce credible research. The broader field of chemistry, is thus, broken into five different types:

1. Analytical Chemistry:

Like the name suggests, analytical chemistry is the study of analysing chemical components and their properties. Analytical chemists conduct research by exposing matter to other chemical compounds and analyse the results. Analytical chemists are responsible for studies done in making our food last longer while maintaining the freshness and taste.

2. Biochemistry:

I had mentioned above that biology delves into all other branches of science. In chemistry, it comes in the form of biochemistry. Here, biochemists try to understand the chemical workings of the biological organs and components. Biochemists have been instrumental in helping us discover the human genome.

3. Physical Chemistry:

Here we see the mixing of physical and chemical studies. This interdisciplinary field of study deals with understanding the chemical reasoning behind physics operations. Most notably, physical chemistry has helped us in decoding how water turns into vapour, if put under fire or at high temperatures.

4. Organic Chemistry:

In chemistry, living things are referred to as organic. Living things or organic objects are classified as matter that contains bonds of carbon. Thus, humans and all life as we know it is called carbon-based life. These organic chemists try to understand the workings of living things, especially how carbon plays a vital role it the creation of life.

5. Inorganic Chemistry:

Like all living things are organic, all objects that are non-living, are referred to as inorganic. Among the many sciences that humans have been able to study, one of the most fascinating is that of inorganic chemistry. A corollary of the larger branch of chemistry, inorganic chemistry, in its own way, is very unique and exciting. It basically helps human study about other elements found on earth, like metals and minerals.

You can also read our blog on Scope After M.Sc. Chemistry.

Inorganic Chemistry and its properties

If you attended your science classes, you would remember the teacher making elaborate diagrams with carbon molecules. This is because carbon is a compound that can interact very well with other molecules and make everlasting bonds. All of organic chemistry is based on the bonds formed by carbon. Then with inorganic chemistry, you would beg the question, how do non-carbon molecules form bonds?

In the world of chemistry, there are a lot of different ways molecules interact with each other. In the case of inorganic objects, most contain anions and cations which are joined using ionic bonds. This is a process that is also called electrovalent bonding. In such cases, inorganic matter combines and links by getting attracted to the opposite charged ion. Thus cations and anions present in these matter help form bonds using electrovalency. Here, the outermost shell, or valence, is permanently transferred to the other molecule. Thus, binding them permanently in an electrovalent bond. Another important property of inorganic chemistry is that inorganic matter is a very poor conductor of electricity.

Studying Inorganic Chemistry

Students who wish to study inorganic chemistry can do so in their postgraduate diploma programmes. Many colleges across India offer students the opportunity to pursue a Masters of Science (MSc) in Inorganic Chemistry. The course is of two years and helps students understand the properties and applications of inorganic chemistry.

Eligibility Criteria for MSc Inorganic Chemistry

In order to successfully be placed in an MSc for Inorganic Chemistry course, a student must

  • Have 55% aggregate marks in Grade 12, preferably with subjects including physics and chemistry
  • Have graduated with a BSc in Chemistry or equivalent degree from a recognised university

  • Have at least scored 60% aggregate marks in their bachelor’s degree

MSc Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus

Students will be studying the following subject matter:

  • Introduction to Inorganic chemistry
  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry

  • Thermodynamics
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Quantum Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry Reaction Mechanism
  • Novel regents for inorganic chemistry

  • Structure and bonding of elements

Note: This is just an overview of the general syllabus taught to MSc Inorganic Chemistry students. Your college, university may choose to add or delete courses according to their curriculum.

MSc. Inorganic Chemistry Colleges

Here is a list of the colleges that offer students an MSc. in Inorganic Chemistry

  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Nizam College, Hyderabad
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi
  • Mumbai University, Mumbai

  • Jai Hind College, Mumbai
  • Osmania College for Women, Hyderabad

This is just the list of the top Indian colleges that allow students to get an MSc in Inorganic Chemistry. If you are looking at foreign studies, there will be countless universities in Europe and the US where you can try your luck.

Scope of Inorganic Chemistry

It is very well understood that having a science background will help students succeed in whatever field they carry. Thus, if you are still in your Grade 12, and are unsure about Inorganic chemistry or organic chemistry, then you should opt for science stream and make your mind up in your bachelors degree.

For those who are planning to take up an MSc. in Inorganic Chemistry, there is a lot of scope in the market. After the COVID pandemic, scientific studies in all fields will reach new levels. Already there are a lot of researchers publishing their findings in scientific journals. Thus, the market is demanding new fresh blood for inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry.

Inorganic Chemistry Jobs

You can also read our blog on Career Options after Graduation in Chemistry.

There is a range of jobs available to students who complete their studies in Inorganic Chemistry from reputed colleges:

  • Students can start off as junior scientists in labs. Here, you will have to involve your skills in testing and studying different chemical reactions. Often the task is mainly to shadow and learn from the senior scientists.
  • You can also do independent research and publish your findings in different inorganic chemistry journals
  • Most of the students choose an academic path after completing their inorganic chemistry studies. While some shift to schools, most of those who complete their MSc in Inorganic chemistry end up teaching at different prestigious universities. Not only does this give them a well-paying salaried job, but they can continue to conduct independent research in their free time.

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Wrapping Up

Science is the only thing that helps us make sense of everything in this fast moving world. Thus, if you are looking at inorganic chemistry jobs or inorganic chemistry as a career path, then do not give it a second thought! In this article I have tried to give you a detailed insight over

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