B.Sc. Mathematics - Course, Eligibility, Scope, Criteria, Career Growth

B.Sc. Mathematics
February 2, 2021
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Introduction to B.Sc. Mathematics

B.Sc. mathematics is generally attracted by those who are mathematics freaks and those who are just fascinated by the idea of doing Maths for the rest of their lives. Mathematics is a respectable subject and at the same time, it is scary to many! The demand of these subjects is very high in India, especially in the fields of research and teaching. This is not a course where you enter just because you could not clear your JEE exam and were not able to do engineering. You need to be highly invested in maths and should be prepared to learn the same for the next 3 years. Mathematics students are everywhere. Some go to schools, colleges, and coaching centers for teaching, some do research in their topic of interest and have become scientists, some are reaching up in the corporate ladder and becoming CEOs, some are in banking and government jobs, some joined army and some are still searching for their dream career and looking for a right path. Everyone has a way of living life and following a passion but if you love mathematics and can do it for the rest of your life, then your search is over and this is the right path for you! Let us learn more about b.sc. mathematics in detail in this article.

What is B.Sc. Mathematics about?

It is a 3-year graduate-level bachelor’s degree course in science specialized in Mathematics. In this course, students learn mathematical concepts more deeply and get an understanding of core mathematics. Students who have data interpreting skills and know-how to find patterns and come to conclusions are best suited for this course. B.Sc. mathematics syllabus includes topics like calculus, algebra, ring theory, number theory linear programming, probability and statistics. Some of them are taught in schools and are studied at an advanced level in graduation. Some of the subjects like Group theory, ring theory are taught in graduation for the first time and are very interesting if learned and taught properly. You will learn some software like Mathematica, R language and latex. There are ample career opportunities after this course.

Eligibility for B.Sc. Mathematics

  • 10+2 passed students with mathematics in their 12th as one of the main subject are eligible for B.Sc. mathematics.
  • Minimum percentage marks in 12th which are different for different colleges.

Admission Process for B.Sc. Mathematics

B.Sc. mathematics admission process varies from college to college. Some take admission on a merit basis and some colleges take the entrance exam for it. There are few colleges where you need to clear an interview round to grab a seat in their college.


B.Sc. mathematics syllabus includes

First Year

  • Calculus
  • Algebra
  • Real analysis
  • Differential Equation

Second Year

  • Theory of real functions
  • Group Theory 1
  • Multivariate Calculus.
  • Partial differential equations
  • Riemann integration and series function
  • Ring theory and linear algebra 1
  • Numerical methods
  • Discrete mathematics

Third Year

  • Metric spaces
  • Group theory 2
  • Complex analysis
  • Ring theory and linear algebra 2
  • Number theory
  • Applications of algebra
  • Linear programming and theory of games
  • Probability and statistics

Subjects of b.sc. mathematics is known to be quite difficult to study. But the students having a keen interest in subjects like above can any day go for a mathematics degree course.


  • Single and multivariate by Hughes and Hallet
  • Contemporary abstract algebra by Joseph A. Gallian
  • Functional analysis and application by S. Kesavan
  • Calculus and analytic geometry by GB Thomas and RL Jinney
  • Mathematics for degree students by P.K. Mittal
  • Real Mathematics analysis by Charles C. Pugh
  • Elements of Calculus and Analytic Geometry by George B. Thomas
  • The ordinary and partial differential equation by M.D. Raisinghania
  • Elementary number theory by David Burton

Career Prospects

B.Sc. Mathematics - Career Prospects

Career prospects after b.sc. mathematics are high. From economics to accounts to coding, mathematics graduates can make their career in any field. Some of the jobs that you can go for after studying mathematics as a major are:

  • Government exams for central government: You can give government exams like SSC CGL which is central level exams for government jobs. These exams are held in March every year(tier1). Tier 2 exams are held in November and tier 3 in January. Final year students cannot apply. Only those who have already completed the graduation can fill the form for these exams which are usually released in the months of November.
  • Teach in coaching centers: Open a coaching sector of your own. B.Sc. mathematics is in good demand because it is one of the most challenging subjects. Subjects of b.sc. mathematics include both school level maths and graduation level. Students of both schools and colleges need some extra help in mathematics along with what is taught in the classrooms. You can also join any existing coaching center to gain experience in teaching in the beginning. Online teaching mode is now on the hike these days, so one can also try teaching other students online.
  • Government exams at the state level: You can also give state level exams for government jobs.
  • Become a subject matter expert: You can become a subject matter expert part-time at Chegg. Here, you can solve queries for students and earn money on a per question basis. The more questions you solve, the better the money you earn. You need to register yourself at the official website of Chegg. After registration, you will have to clear a basic online test and a behavior interview. After clearing these 2 rounds, you will be all set to solve questions and earn money.
  • Retail and Investment banking: You can make a career in the Banking sectors like investment banking and retail banking where there is a high demand for b.sc. mathematics graduates.
  • Actuarial Scientist: You can become an actuary by giving actuarial sciences exams. This field is for the students who are good in stats and economics. There are multiple exams that are CTs, STs, and SAs. You will have to clear all the exams to actually become an actuary. Even if you have not cleared all exams, based on a few exams and some skills, you can grab a job in this field and clear exams side by side. You can give these exams along with your graduation.
  • Bank PO: You can become a probationary officer (PO) in banks by giving IBPS PO exams and other banking exams for this post like SBI PO for SBI bank etc. There are two exams i.e, prelims and mains and an interview. Your points of the mains exam and the interview are summed together to calculate your final score. The prelims exam is held in October and Mains in November.
  • Job in companies: You can become a part of corporate in different fields like finance, sales, HR, marketing operations, etc. You need to have fantastic speaking skills and a good CV to sit for placements and get a job. Your good communication skills and how you present yourself to HR while the interview is all that matters the most.
  • Join Army: You can join the army by clearing CDS exams and serve the country.
  • Crack UPSC: You can give civil services exams I.e, UPSC, and take a post like IAS, IPS, IFS officer. This is an all-time option if you really have the gist to do so.

To become an IAS officer, you need to clear 3 levels- Prelims, Mains and Interview.

Prelims: It is an objective paper which is usually conducted in June. 2 papers, general studies paper 1 and general studies paper 2 are held of 200 marks each. Marks are not counted at the time of final ranking but it should be cleared to give mains exam.

Mains: It is a written exam. Generally conducted in September/October. It consists of 9 papers. 7 of which are counted at the time of final merit ranking. The mains exam has 1750 marks

Interview: Only those who clear both prelims and mains are called for an interview. This is the personality check round which is conducted in march-may. The total marks for the interview are 275.

The results are announced in May end.

Further Studies after B.sc. in Mathematics

  • Sc. in Mathematics: If you are deeply invested in Mathematics and liked what you did in your graduation, you can pursue studying the same at an advanced level. After MSC you can start teaching or continue your research by doing PhD in your topic of interest.
  • Sc. in Statistics: B.Sc. mathematics syllabus covers subjects of statistics also. If that interests you more than core mathematics, you can switch your career after graduation.
  • MBA in Finance: Finance as a subject involves a lot of mathematics and in this career, you will definitely get an edge over those who have not studied mathematics after 12th. You can go for an MBA in Finance and make your way to the corporate world.
  • General MBA: If you are not interested in finance and still want to become a manager, then a general MBA is a thing for you. MBAs all over the world grab high paying packages and fantastic career growth. You can make your career in marketing, operations, HR etc.
  • B.ed: If you like teaching and want to teach students at the school level, you can do B Ed which will prepare you for that. You can teach in government schools, private schools, and public schools after doing B. Ed.
  • MCA: This is for the students who studied computers and are good at it. Career opportunities after MCA are high as the demands of computers is increasing day by day. Every business and service is directly or indirectly dependent on computers for their basic functions and necessities.
  • Data Scientist: After studying Sc. mathematics, you can start your career as a data scientist. This is one of the challenging yet interesting careers to go for.

Final Thoughts

There are people who say B.Sc. mathematics is too tough to handle. But if you are genuinely interested in this subject and are willing to work equally hard to achieve your goals then nothing is tough for you. You can make it interesting in your own way of studying. Before going for graduation in mathematics, make sure that the concepts you have studied in 11th and 12th are deeply embedded in your mind otherwise you will have to regularly open your school notes to understand the topics of graduation.

B.Sc. mathematics is far different from what we have studied in school. In school, there used to be a simple formula, and concepts and questions were based on that only. But in college, mathematics becomes more theoretical. The syllabus includes lots of theorems and proofs which gives us deeper insights of how a concept or a formula was built. Students who loved maths in school may fail to do so in graduation due to the above reason. So it is advised to once look at the syllabus before making any decision.

Students must have the patience and ability to spend long studying hours to understand complex terms and concepts. They must possess the ability to work independently and think of their own ideas and conclusions for solving theorems.

This degree course gives students a strong base in mathematics if they want to do future studies in this subject only i.e. M.Sc. Mathematics.

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