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Which are the Easiest Optional Subject for UPSC Mains? – Everything you need to know!

 

The Union Public Service Commission is a commission, one we know as UPSC. The UPSC conducts the IAS pre and mains exams. This article deals with which is the easiest optional subject for UPSC for you.

Some very common questions which come to everyone’s mind when he/she starts preparing for the IAS main exam is –

  • Which is the easiest optional subject for UPSC available for this exam?
  • Why prefer this subject over that?
  • Which is the easiest optional subject of UPSC for me?
  • How to choose, how to decide?

One more question which comes to one’s mind is, we can select only one optional subject and it holds a weightage of just 500 marks out of 2025 marks. So how much importance should one give to it?

Don’t worry, you will understand the answers to all such questions after reading the article!

You will also learn about an exciting part-time job opportunity which will help you learn new concepts and grow your knowledge along with a fair amount of earnings.

Importance of choosing a best or easiest optional subject for UPSC?

500 marks out of 2025 are around 25% of marks. And 25% marks fully depend on one subject that too of your interest. A truly smart person will try to not lose a single mark out of it.

All other parts are common and the part of General studies holds the maximum of 1000 marks. But, with the note-making trend, this part isn’t difficult to crack. Choosing the optional subject wisely so that your interest in the subject is maintained and you don’t lose a single mark in it is a very crucial decision.

This decision could be made by considering the following factors:

  • Deep interest in any of the subjects.
  • Based on the past statistics, the easiest subject.
  • Any subject which was part of your graduation and you excelled in it

These are some of the factors which you should use to shorten the long list of subjects, say to 5 subjects.

How to select the easiest optional subject for UPSC from the list I have made after shortlisting?

UPSC optional

So firstly, understand and analyze the previous trends in results and recommendations.

Note: The below lists are sorted based on student recommendations.

The following list contains the non-literature subjects.

S.No Subject Number of Candidates appeared Recommended by a number of candidates Rate of Success

(%)

1. Public Administration 3201 337 10.5
2. Geography 4049 236 5.8

 

3. History 3870 212 5.5
4. Psychology 1061 116 10.9
5. Sociology 1555 89 5.7
6. Political Science 1320 85 6.4
7. Philosophy 1061 84 4
8. Agriculture 220 41 18.6
9. Economics 326 37 11.3
10. Anthropology 345 37 10.7
11. Law 365 19 5.2
12. Zoology 484 18 3.7
13. Medical Science 98 16 16.3
14. Commerce & Accountancy 266 15 5.6
15. Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science 65 8 12.3
16. Mathematics 277 8 2.9
17. Chemistry 124 7 5.6

The following list contains literature subjects.

S.No Literature Optional Subject Number of candidates appeared No. of candidates recommended Success Rate (%)
1. Assamese 5 2 40
2. Punjabi 19 5 26.3
3. Gujarati 42 7 16.7
4. Kannada 84 14 16.7
5. Marathi 42 7 16.7
6. English 40 6 15
7. Urdu 29 4 13.8
8. Tamil 225 29 12.9
9. Sanskrit 122 10 8.2
10. Malayalam 67 5 7.5
11. Pali 255 18 7.1
12. Telugu 147 9 6.1
13. Hindi 974 56 5.7
S.No Optional Subject No. of Candidates Appeared No. of Candidates Recommended Success Rate Percentage
1. Medical Science 235 55 23.4
2. Economics 269 51 19
3. Animal

Husbandry & Veterinary

Science

52 12 23.1
4. Law 246 42 17.1
5. Agriculture 122 20 16.4
6. Commerce & Accountancy 188 28 14.9
7. Management 167 24 14.4
8. Geology 28 4 14.4
9. Botany 104 12 11.5
10. Zoology 228 29 12.7

 

11. Political

Science & International Relations

1107 121 10.9
12. Chemistry 104 11 10.6
13. Civil

Engineering

47 5 10.6
14. Sociology 2490 230 9.2
15. Philosophy 1116 99 8.9
16. History 2090 174 8.3
17. Psychology 1163 92 7.9
18. Geography 4351 314 7.2
19. Anthropology 579 38 6.3
20. Mathematics 325 23 7.1
21. Physics 266 17 6.4
22. Electrical

Engineering

126 8 6.3
23. Public

Administration

7077 359 5.1
24. Mechanical Engineering 64 3 4.7

I think you have analyzed.

So,…

Confused, I know.

To decide which subject is hard and which one is easy is a difficult task in itself. I know, it all depends on your fields, from which background you come from, your areas of interests. What are the resources available with you also plays a role in deciding the easiest optional subject of UPSC for you.

Shortlist the list of optional subjects:

  • The aim is to make a list of 4-5 easiest optional subject for UPSC.
  • Some factors you may consider for choosing the easiest optional subject for UPSC are:
  • Field of your graduation and subjects you excel.
  • Your areas of interest.
  • Resources available.
  • Your analysis from the above data.

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What after shortlisting the subject?

 The main aim of our whole discussion is to know which is the easiest optional subject for UPSC  mains for me. So it’s time for a decision, now we are going to finalise our optional subject.

  • Check out the syllabus of all the 4-5 subjects selected. While going through the topics of the syllabus if you feel you know about them or you are interested in reading, learning about them then mark the subject.
  • Repeat the above process for all 4-5 subjects. I am sure you will be able to pick 2 subjects out of them in which you have deep knowledge and interest.
  • If you can pick one subject after the above process then congratulations your task is complete.

What are the other steps, factors one can consider for finalizations:

 The last factor you must consider is going through previous year papers. Pick the last 3 year papers and go through them. You must keep 2 things in mind while analyzing previous papers:

  1. You already know many things as you have chosen the optional subject

2. Mark out the questions for which you know the answers or you have some knowledge about.

Once you have marked and analyzed the previous year papers of both subjects. You will know which one to choose and why to choose it.

 

List of some easiest optional subject for UPSC based on toppers choices.

Optional Subject (Approx) Number of Aspirants Syllabus Overlaps with
History 3500 Prelims, GS I
Geography 3500 Prelims, GS I and GS III
Public Administration 3000 Prelims, GS II
Political Science 1800 Prelims, GS II
Sociology 1800 GS I, GS II, Essay
Philosophy 1000 GS IV. Essay

One more significant question which comes to one’s mind is – Easiest Optional for UPSC with least syllabus too-

  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  • Geology
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Agriculture
  • Statistics
  • Medical sciences
  • Management and
  • Almost all the literature subjects(except Tamil, Hindi, Telugu).

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They have options for various subjects which are similar to the easiest optional subjects o f UPSC:

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