Top 8 Competitive Exams after 10th Students can prepare
Competitive exams are the life and blood of universities and college admissions. They are a way for colleges to identify and select potential prospects out of many. All in all, their motive is to test the skills and to measure and analyze the ability of the student’s tat.
Students are mostly aware of the most popular entrance exams after the 10th: NEET, JEE, and CLAT. These are national level exams. Although, there are many other options that students can take to start building a path of their desired career.
Now, let us try to dive a little deep into these individual exams, see what are they are all about and what to expect from the exam. Also, we shall see the different ways students can begin their study for competitive exams after the 10th.
Joint Entrance Exam (JEE)
This is the most recognized national exam given by all budding engineers in India. The JEE is an engineering exam that is valid for many colleges all across India. Students from around the country sit for these entrance & competitive exams after 10th. This exam makes them eligible admissions in big institutes like the IIT, NIT IIITs.
Held by the CBSE, the JEE entrance exam has two distinct and separate steps:
JEE MAINS – Open during the months of January and April
JEE Advanced – Open during March
The two exams have a step-ladder approach where the JEE MAINS is open to everyone across the country. But, for the JEE Advanced, only the top 2.20 lakh students clearing the JEE MAINS paper can be eligible.
The JEE is generally regarded as one of the toughest entrance exams after 10th in the country. It is only because of its narrow acceptance rates, students begin to prepare for JEE after the 10th. The format of the question paper is Multiple Choice Questions. While a correct answer gets you four extra points, for every wrong answer you lose ¼ of your marks. But, if you are unsure of a question, you could always leave it blank. That is, There is no deduction in marks for unattempted questions.
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
The NEET is the medical equal to the popular JEE exams for engineering. The Medical Council of India is the governing body for these exams. It got established in 1997 under the Regulations on Graduate Medical Education.
Earlier, Indian medical colleges took admissions through a difficult system of state-organized exams. By 1997, the total number of medical entrance exams had reached 25 and things were getting hard to manage. There was an undue burden on the students to appear for as many exams as possible. Also, the stress of exam fees and the added syllabus resulted in the creation of the NEET.
Nowadays, the NEET gets organized for two different graduate programs:
Undergraduate (NEET-UG) Medical Course like MBBS, BDS, etc.
Post Graduate (NEET-PG) Medical Courses like M.S, M.D, etc.
The syllabus for the NEET exam is posted on its official website. It contains 180 questions centered on the subjects of Chemistry, Biology, and Physics. Like to the marking scheme of the JEE, for every wrong answer, students lose 1 mark from their total scores. But, each correct answer award students with 4 marks.
Common-Law Admissions Test (CLAT)
Along with the names of the most popular entrance exams, the CLAT is also a sought after exam. As the name suggests, the CLAT entrance exam is for students aspiring to become lawyers. It tests their eligibility to seek admission in the different law colleges spread across the country. Like the JEE and the NEET, the CLAT is a national exam.
However, unlike the JEE and NEET, there is no one organization that handles conducting the exam on a national stage. In fact, 22 different National Law Universities take turns to organize and set the paper for CLAT. CLAT is an annual exam, for both Undergraduate and Post Graduate students.
This law entrance exam goes on for a total duration of two hours. The CLAT question paper consists of 150 multiple-choice questions. It contains five different sections. The students need to answer questions from subjects including:
GK and Current Affairs
If you’re interested in social sciences, then CLAT is one of the best entrance exams after the 10th for you.
Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KYPY)
The KVPY is not a standard entrance exam for eligibility to gain admission to a field or college. The Department of Science and Technology devised this scheme. It is an exam for students which endows them with scholarships. The main purpose of the exam is to bring to the forefront exceptional students.
It helps students who want to understand things in science and technology. The KVPY identifies students with a knack for aptitude in science and technology. To help them financially, the Government of India led exam provides grants and scholarships. This is to ensure the growth of the best scientific minds for research and development in the country.
The fellowship is only awarded to students who are pursuing their higher studies in the areas of Ph.D. or masters. However, the choice of preparing for this entrance exam after the 10th is a preferred choice. Even the students of Class XII or pursuing bachelors can also get selected. The first stage involves an aptitude test which is like the other competitive entrance exams. But the second stage involves calling the selected students for a personal interview.
The selection of a student for the scholarship depends on his/her performance in both stages. Thus, for students preparing for competitive exams after 10th, preparing for this fellowship may also prove to be helpful in the long run. Since students get handpicked by the evaluators.
National Talent Search Examination (NTSE)
The NTSE is a national level scholarship scheme initiated at the school level. This makes it perfect for students preparing for competitive exams after the 10th. The aim of the scholarship is to identify and help advance those students that have a high aptitude and talent.
Organized by the NCERT, the scholarship examination occurs in two different tiers. It generally assesses students and their aptitude in the subjects of sciences, math, and social science. Moreover, it also has sections dedicated to analytical and logical reasoning.
Competitive exams organized at a state level are Tier I exams. The first tier allows all students who have scored an total of 60% marks in their 9th class. After it, students can appear in state level exams. Also, they can give Tier II exams after passing Tier I with at least 80% marks.
Tier II exams are the national competitive examinations for the students who have cleared the state level 1. The students who pass both the teirs get the scholarship. Generally, only around 4000 students get shortlisted for the national level Tier II of the NTSE.
The amount of scholarship given under the NTSE for those who successfully pass both the tiers is as follows:
- 1250 per month for class XI and XII
- 2000 per month for Undergraduate & Post Graduate
- Scholarships for Ph.D. are provided under the UGC guidelines
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Indian National Olympiad (INO)
I am sure that most of you are already aware of the INO tests conducted for school students across the country. With subjects assessed like Science and Math, the competitive exams after 10th are eligible for students from Class I all the way to Class XII. They are one of the most prestigious and competitive exams to crack. However, cracking this exam doesn’t directly contribute towards the career. But, it opens up the possibilities of students to treat this as a mock test for the real competitive exams.
Cracking the Olympiads is a matter of great honor and prestige, and it adds value to the resume of the candidates. Moreover, students who crack Olympiads also get an edge over others when it comes to admission to schools and colleges as well as jobs.
The Olympiads test subjects like Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Junior Science, Physics, and Mathematics.
The INO program has two exams based on the two umbrella subjects:
National Science Olympiad: Syllabus includes the subject matter they are studying in their class.
National Mathematical Olympiad: The difficulty level is set according to the understanding level of students.
Thus, students who want to get a feel of what real competitive exams are like should engage themselves in Olympiads.
National Level Science Talent Search Examination (NSTSE)
The Unified Council of India organizes the NSTSE. Most of the competitive exams assess the student’s speech and accuracy. Unlike them, the NSTSE tests the students for their maths and science abilities.
Along with this, the NSTSE provides a detailed report of your ranking. This ranking is amid geographical location and also on the national level. This helps students understand their position from a national perspective. Also, it encourages them to push themselves to better their ranks.
As mentioned before, the NSTSE is unlike any other exam. It doesn’t test the speed of students. Rather it tests the understanding of basic fundamental concepts in sciences and mathematics. Also, this helps students in the long run while preparing for competitive exams like JEE and NEET.
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
The SAT is a standardized testing examination. The College Board organization of the United States carries it out. It is for students who wish to pursue their studies abroad. The SAT is a mandatory examination required by almost all foreign institutes.
The test focuses on testing the student on three basic criteria:
Writing, in the form of essay and English grammar
Critical Reading, in the form of comprehension passages
This is a sure choice of the competitive exam after 10th for students who want to see where they place in the ranks of the foreign universities. But, more and more Indian universities have also begun to accept the scores of the SAT instead their own personal entrance examinations.
All in all, there are many competitive exams after 10th that can help you start your career. All you must do now is to identify your preference and then start giving that entrance exam your time.