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Commerce vs Science: What to Choose and Why?

Abstract: We are here to answer the most rudimentary question which has mingled with the minds of every 10th grader: Commerce vs Science! Which stream to choose and Why?

We won’t talk in terms of the age-old way of saying Science is for engineers and commerce is for the entrepreneurs. We hope as you will reach the end of the article, you will find an answer to both the questions. We will figure out the answer. Commerce vs Science!

We are here to talk about Commerce vs Science in an evolved sense.

We will start mapping it out for you, step by step. This way you will make an informed decision as to what to choose and why.

Know your interests

Commerce vs Science

The very first step to an informed decision is knowledge of self in Commerce vs Science. List down all the subjects that hold your interest. It could be social science, mathematics, English, etc.

Take a career evaluation test.

Commerce vs Science

It is less likely that you will ask yourself the right questions to know your interests, so let a career test do the job for you.

It will only take 3-4 minutes in answering the multiple-choice questions. Be as instinctive as you can be ie don’t think too much before answering a question.

Here is a career test we recommend using :

This test will give you a detailed report based on your answers.

The report will have subject areas of interest namely:

Social Science, Business, Science, Healthcare, Multimedia, Education and Communication, etc.

This way, you will get some clarity on which subjects interest you the most. It will also tell you about different job opportunities that these subjects have 3-6 years down the line.

Know the subjects you will study in senior secondary.

commerce and science subjects

Commerce vs Science

Now that you have a fair understanding of which subjects hold your interest, the next step is to dig-in the curriculum of these subjects.

It is very important to know the theory, practical, and chapters you will be studying while taking up a subject.

You can use this website for credible information:

I would suggest, Go through course books of each subject and chapters in detail and see If the topics and course curriculum excite you the same way!

A lot of students take a subject with half information and then regret their decisions.

Make sure you have done your research well in Commerce vs Science

The more time you will put in the research on Commerce vs Science, the better choice you will make.

Talk to a trusted senior on Commerce vs Science

Now that you have a slight inclination towards one stream i.e. commerce vs science, go on and talk to a trusted senior.

After surfing the internet, they are the most credible source of information.

Do not consider their advice as concrete, listen to them to get another perspective before making the final decision on commerce vs science

Now let’s  weigh Commerce vs Science on the following basis:

1) Ease of study and subject matter

2) Pros and Cons

2) Career Opportunities

3) Job Opportunities

Ease of study 

Sorry to break your bubble but commerce vs science are equally tough and equally easy. This question is quite subjective.

One may find studying the laws of motion very interesting and easy and for one it might be the most painful equation to remember!

Let’s break the common myth: Commerce is easier than Science. Let’s get a basic understanding of subjects and the intellect required to develop an interest in the same

These two subject options are common for both the streams

a) Mathematics / Information practices

b) English/ Hindi/ Other languages

These are the subjects that one studies in commerce

c) Accountancy

This subject has a theory base with a lot of practical implications. You have to be a fast learner to understand the principles of accounting. If you have fun assessing assets and liabilities, then it will be a joyful ride.

d) Business Studies

This subject will require thorough reading and understanding of concepts. It gives you a lot of insight into the administration and externalities of the business world.

e) Economics

You will learn a lot about the economy, it’s working from a micro and macro level. From the laws of demand to the history of economic reforms, you will learn everything in 2 years.

Now let’s look at the subjects in the science stream

a) Physics

If you enjoy observing and experimenting. If concepts of mechanics, electricity, heat, radiation, and sound excite you, then you will enjoy studying physics.

b) Chemistry

It is the branch of science concerned with the study of matter and its interaction. Its composition and reactions are investigated in detail in this subject.

c) Biology

It is a natural science. It is concerned with everything around living organisms. From there physical structure to chemical processes and physiological dimensions. It also studies the growth and evolution of species in detail.

Pros and Cons (Commerce vs Science)

Let’s discuss the advantages and disadvantages surrounding science and commerce stream

Science: Pros

  • Exciting Opportunities: As you know science keeps evolving, With Artificial intelligence on its peek of development- There is a lot of scope of new experiments, research, and innovation in the field of science.
  • Wider options: A science student has a benefit over all other streams as they have a wider scale of opportunities as compared to commerce or arts students.

Science: Cons

  • Pressure: The subjects are quite diverse and require regular studies. Practice and revision are very vital to excel in any science subject. Conceptual clarity is a must as well. Hence, a lot of students might feel the pressure of studies.
  • Lack of extracurricular activities: Since a lot of time has to be devoted to studying, a lot of students find it hard to manage time between studies, hobbies, and sports activities.

Commerce: Pros

  • New Subjects: When you take up commerce, you will study subjects that you haven’t studied yet in the course of formal education. Accountancy, business studies, and economics give insights about how things work in reality and a lot of students find it exciting
  • Entrepreneurship: Studying commerce brings out the businessman/woman inside the student. They learn to assess the cost and benefit and learn the art to build things from scratch.

Commerce: Cons

  • Limited Opportunities: Once you have opted for commerce it is quite impossible to pursue an interest in the field of science especially in engineering, medical, and biotechnology.
  • Technological expertise: All the subjects that you study in commerce will definitely make you more aware of the financial and business world but there is very little focus on the technological aspect that’s evolving around the globe.

Higher studies Scope and Opportunities (Commerce vs Science)

career after commerce and science

There is ample scope in both science and commerce. Gone are the days where only engineers and doctors would earn a good living.

In fact, a shocking fact is, According to Times of India ” Of more than 1.5 million engineers who graduate each year 80% are unemployed and close to 45% can be made employable with the right intervention.”

Hence, we need to start showing the younger generation a wholesome perspective of the new job market.

Let’s talk about the scope of higher studies in each field

Careers in Science

Medicine :

  • MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,
  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental surgery),
  • BAMS or Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery,


  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Aeronautical, Bio-tech and many more.

Forensic Science

  • B.Sc. in Forensic Sciences Engineering Bio
  • Diploma in F/Sciences (Ballistics and Finger Prints)
  • B.Sc in Life Science, Chemistry, Forensic Science


  • Science (Hons) in Zoology
  • B.Sc in Zoology and Animal Biotechnology
  • Science in Aquaculture (Fishery Microbiology)
  • B.Sc in Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology


  • B.E. in Biotechnology
  • B.Tech (Industrial Biotechnology)


  • B.Sc (Agriculture Marketing and Business Management)
  • B.Sc (Biochem. and Agricultural Chemistry)
  • B.Sc in Crop Physiology

B. Sc (Hons) Geology, B.E in Textile Technology, Diploma in Clinical Microbiology, and B. Sc in Food Processing and Technology are other promising options in the field of geology, textile, microbiology, and food technology. They are few options amongst many available.

Careers in commerce

Management courses

  • Bachelors in Commerce (B.Com.Hons)
  • Bachelors in Business Administration (BBA)
  • Bachelors in Management Studies (BMS)


  • Bachelors in Business Economics (BBE)
  • Economics Honours
  • BCom Applied Economics

Professional certification

  • Chartered Accountancy (CA)
  • Company Secretary (CS)
  • Actuarial Science
  • Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)

Specific courses

  • B.Com Accounting and Taxation
  • B.Com Statistics
  • BCom in Management Accounting & International Finance
  • Cost and Management Accounting


  • A/B.Sc. Statistics

Media and Communication

  • Bachelor of Journalism and Communication (BJMC)
  • Bachelor of Mass media
  • Bachelor of Journalism

Hotel Management

  • BCom Tourism & Travel Management
  • BHM in Hospitality & Travel


  • Bachelor of Design in Animation
  • Bachelor of Design

As you can see there are ample opportunities and scope in both the fields. In fact, there are many more that we could not mention due to limited space.

Career Opportunities and Earning Insights

Analyst and Associate Jobs (Commerce vs Science)

After graduation, any science/commerce graduate can apply for jobs at multinational corporations.

A science graduate can work as a Software Engineer, Coding Specialist, Analytics Intern, and more. They can expect to earn from 3-13 lacs per annum.

A commerce graduate can work as a finance/human resource/ marketing associate with an average earning of 3-10 lacs per annum.

They are a lot of jobs in other areas of expertise as well, these are few examples for reference.

Self Employed: Professionals (Commerce Vs Science)

Medicine, law, chartered accountancy are the most well-known professionals who operate independently and charge a fee for their expert services.

In the areas of both science and commerce, professionals have a high scope of earning and growth. They can also work in partnership or join a firm to practice their profession.

On average, they can earn up to 5-15 lacs per annum depending on their experience and area of work.

Freelancers (Commerce vs Science)

Both science and commerce graduates can work as a freelancer ie self-employed personnel in their area of expertise.

One can provide research assistance, website development, digital marketing services, etc, from home.

It is an active option for students who wish to pursue higher studies and earn an extra income. Freelancing can turn into a full-time job also when the right opportunities knock at your door.

Online Tutoring (Commerce vs Science)

You can benefit from the love you have for your favourite subject by sharing your knowledge. Online tutoring is increasingly becoming an active job opportunity for graduates from all streams (science, commerce, and humanities)

One such platform is Chegg Tutors India, for us, doors are open for all.

One can become a subject matter expert by proving their competency through a small test and register themselves as a subject expert. One can earn up to 80,000 rupees per month while working with Chegg.

chegg Jobs

We provide time flexibility and additional income opportunity to students from all streams. One can become a subject matter expert in subjects like physics, accountancy, basic maths, psychology, and more.

Now that we have talked in detail about science vs commerce. We come back to the question of what to choose and why?

The answer to this question is within you. Follow our steps and make an informed decision by yourself. We encourage you to look beyond the myths and benefit from the plethora of information that we have on the internet. Commerce vs Science? Hope you know what to do now.

chegg Expert hiring